Laporan Praktek Biologi UT PGSD PDGK4107

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LEMBAR KERJA (LAPORAN) PRAKTIKUM

IPA DI SD PDGK4107 MODUL 1

MAKHLUK HIDUP

A. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 1 : CIRI-CIRI MAKHLUK HIDUP 1. Ciri-ciri Umum Makhluk Hidup

a. Hasil Pengamatan

N o

Nama Makhluk Hidup

Ciri-ciri Makhluk Hidup *)

1 2 3 4 5

b. Pembahasan

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _____________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

Tabel 1.1.

Hasil Pengamatan ciri-ciri makhluk

hidup *) Keterangan : 1. bergerak dan

bereaksi terhadap rangsang; 2. bernapas; 3. perlu makan

(nutrisi); 4. tumbuh;

Gambar 1.1.

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____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _____________________

c. Kesimpulan

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

1) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

2) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

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- _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ ____________

- _______________________________________________________________ ______

- _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ ________________________

 __________________________________________________________________ ______

- _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ ____________

- _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ ____________

- _______________________________________________________________ ______

- _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ ________________________

2. Gerak Pada Tumbuhan

a. Hasil Pengamatan

1) Seismonasti dan Niktinasi

N o

Jenis sentuhan pada daun putri

malu

Reaksi daun putri malu Keterangan

1 Halus 2 Sedang 3 Kasar

Tabel 1.2.

Hasil Pengamatan seismonasti

Gambar 1.2.

Reaksi daun putri malu

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N

o Pot putri malu

Reaksi daun putri malu

Mula-mula ½ jam kemudian

1 Disimpan di tempat terang

2

Ditutup dengan

penutup yang kedap cahaya

Gambar 1.3.

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2) Geotropisme

b. Pembahasan

 ____________________________________________________________________ _______

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ __

 ____________________________________________________________________ _______

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

Jeni s po

t

Pengamatan hari ke

Keterangan

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

A

B

Tabel 1.4.

Hasil Pengamatan geotropisme negatif

Gambar 1.4.

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____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _________

 ____________________________________________________________________ _______

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _________

c. Kesimpulan

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

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____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________

2) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

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3. Respirasi pada Makhluk Hidup

a. Hasil pengamatan

1) Respirasi memerlukan uadara (oksigen)

Respirom eter

Keadaan air berwarna pada respirometer, 5 menit:

Perta

ma Kedua Ketiga Keempat Kelima

A B C

2) Respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksida

Botol

percobaan Kondisi mula-mula

Kondisi akhir percobaan

A B C

b. Pembahasan

1. ____________________________________________________________________ _______

 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________

 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ________________________

Tabel 1.5.

Hasil pengamatan respirasi memerlukan udara (oksigen)

Gambar 1.5.

Respirometer sederhana

Tabel 1.6.

Hasil pengamatan respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksida

Gambar 1.6.

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 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ________________________

2. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ____________

 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ______________________________

c. Kesimpulan

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

1) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

2) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ______________

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b. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ ________________________

c. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ ________________________

3) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________

B. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 2 : SIMBIOSIS 1. Simbiosis Parasitisme

a. Hasil pengamatan

N o

Jenis hubung

an parasiti

sme

Pihak yang dirugikan Pihak yang diuntungkan Jenis

makhluk hidup

Jenis kerugian

Jenis makhluk

hidup

Jenis keuntungan

1

2

3

4

5

b. Pembahasan

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________

Tabel 1.7.

Hasil pengamatan simbiosis parasitisme

Gambar 1.7.

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_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________

c. Kesimpulan

_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

1) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

2) ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

2. Simbiosis Komensalisme

a. Hasil Pengamatan

N

o Jenis hubungansimbiosis

Pihak yang diuntungkan Jenis makhluk hidup yang tidak untung dan tidak rugi Jenis

makhluk hidup

Jenis keuntungan

1

Tabel 1.8.

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2

3

4

5

b. Pembahasan

 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ______________________________

 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________

 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ______________________________

 ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ __________________

c. Kesimpulan

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________

Gambar 1.8.

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______________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

1) ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________

3. Simbiosis Mutualisme

a. Pembahasan

N o

Jenis hubungan

simbiosis

Pihak I yang diuntungkan Pihak II yang diuntungkan Jenis

makhluk hidup

Jenis keuntungan

Jenis makhluk

hidup

Jenis keuntungan

1

2

3

b. Pembahasan

______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

c. Kesimpulan

Tabel 1.9.

Hasil pengamatan simbiosis komensalisme

Gambar 1.9.

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______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

______________________________________________________________________ _______

1) ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ______________________________

2) ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ __________________

C. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 3 : PERTUMBUHAN, PERKEMBANGAN, DAN PERKEMBANGBIAKAN MAKHLUK HIDUP

1. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan Tumbuhan

a. Hasil Pengamatan

Ha ri ke

Gambar pertumbuhan

kecambah kacang merah

Panjang

(mm) Keterangan

Aka

r Batang

Tabel 1.10.

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b. Pembahasan

___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________

c. Kesimpulan

___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ d. Jawaban pertanyaan

1) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ______________

2) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ______________

Gambar 1.10.

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2. Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tumbuhan

a. Hasil Pengamatan

Ha ri ke

Waktu

pengamatan Kejadian/ perubhan

1

Rabu, 05.30 WIB

2

Rabu, 14.30 WIB

3

Kamis, 05.30 WIB

4

Kamis, 22.00 WIB

5

Jum’at 8.30 WIB

6

Sabtu, 05.30 WIB

7

Minggu, 05.30 WIB

8 Senin, 5.30

WIB

Tabel 1.11.

Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan lalat buah

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b. Pembahasan

___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________

c. Kesimpulan

1. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ __________________

2. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ __________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

1) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ____________

2) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ____________

3. Perkembangbiakan Tumbuhan 3.1 Struktur Bunga

a. Hasil Pengamatan

Gambar 1.11.

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b. Pembahasan

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

c. Kesimpulan

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

d. Jawaban pertanyaan

1) _____________________________________________________________ ______

2) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ __________________

3.2 Perkembangan eseksual (vegetative) alami

a. Hasil pengamatan

No Perkembangbiakan aseksualNama tumbuhan dan jenis

Gambar tumbuhan dengan

Perkembangbiakan aseksual

1

Gambar 1.12.

Sayatan vertical bunga sepatu

Tabel 1.12.

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2

3

4

5

b. Pembahasan

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________

c. Kesimpulan

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________

3.3 Perkembangan aseksual (vegetative) buatan pada tumbuhan

a. Hasil pengamatan 1.Menempel

No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:

0

1.

2.

3.

4. 5.

Tabel 1.13.

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6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

2. Menyambung

No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

3. Mencangkok

N

o. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:

0 1. 2. 3.

Gambar 1.13.

Menempel (okulasi)

Tabel 1.14.

Menyambung (enten)

Tabel 1.15.

Mencangkok

Gambar 1.14.

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4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10

.

b. Pembahasan

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

c. Kesimpulan

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ____________________________

d. Jawaban Pertanyaan

1) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ ____________

2) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ ________________________

3) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ ____________

4) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ ____________

5) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

Gambar 1.15.

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_____________________________________________________________ __________________

Figur

Tabel 1.2.Hasil Pengamatan seismonasti

Tabel 1.2.Hasil

Pengamatan seismonasti p.3
Gambar 1.3.Reaksi putri malu di tempat terang & kedap

Gambar 1.3.Reaksi

putri malu di tempat terang & kedap p.4
Tabel 1.4.Hasil Pengamatan geotropisme negatif

Tabel 1.4.Hasil

Pengamatan geotropisme negatif p.5
Gambar 1.4.Geotropisme negatif

Gambar 1.4.Geotropisme

negatif p.5
Gambar 1.5.Respirometer sederhana

Gambar 1.5.Respirometer

sederhana p.8
Tabel 1.5.

Tabel 1.5.

p.8
Tabel 1.6.Hasil pengamatan respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksidaKondisi akhir

Tabel 1.6.Hasil

pengamatan respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksidaKondisi akhir p.8
Pihak yang dirugikanTabel 1.7.Hasil pengamatan simbiosis parasitismePihak yang diuntungkan

Pihak yang

dirugikanTabel 1.7.Hasil pengamatan simbiosis parasitismePihak yang diuntungkan p.10
Gambar 1.7.Simbiosis Parasitisme

Gambar 1.7.Simbiosis

Parasitisme p.10
Tabel 1.8.Hasil pengamatan simbiosis komensalismePihak yang diuntungkan

Tabel 1.8.Hasil

pengamatan simbiosis komensalismePihak yang diuntungkan p.11
Gambar 1.8.Simbiosis Komensalisme

Gambar 1.8.Simbiosis

Komensalisme p.12
Tabel 1.9.

Tabel 1.9.

p.13
Tabel 1.10.Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkecambahan biji

Tabel 1.10.Hasil

pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkecambahan biji p.14
GambarPanjang(mm)
GambarPanjang(mm) p.14
Gambar 1.10.

Gambar 1.10.

p.15
Tabel 1.11.

Tabel 1.11.

p.16
Gambar 1.11.

Gambar 1.11.

p.17
Gambar 1.12.

Gambar 1.12.

p.18
Tabel 1.12.Perkembangan aseksual alami pada

Tabel 1.12.Perkembangan

aseksual alami pada p.18
Tabel 1.13.

Tabel 1.13.

p.19
Gambar 1.14.

Gambar 1.14.

p.20
Gambar 1.13.

Gambar 1.13.

p.20
Tabel 1.14.

Tabel 1.14.

p.20
Gambar 1.15.

Gambar 1.15.

p.21

Referensi

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