7.1. Lampiran 1. Analisa Data Sifat Fisik Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah ( Psidium guajava L.) 7.1.1. Viskositas Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah ( Psidium guajava L.) suhu 65 - EVALUASI KARAKTERISTIK FISIKO-KIMIAWI SARI BUAH JAMBU BIJI MERAH (Psidium guajava Linn.

Teks penuh

(1)

7. LAMPIRAN

7.1. Lampiran 1. Analisa Data Sifat Fisik Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium

guajava

L

.)

7.1.1. Viskositas Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Oneway

Descriptives

VIS_65

6

8,3333

,40825

,16667

7,9049

8,7618

8,00

9,00

6

8,4167

,37639

,15366

8,0217

8,8117

8,00

9,00

6

8,5000

,44721

,18257

8,0307

8,9693

8,00

9,00

6

8,4167

,37639

,15366

8,0217

8,8117

8,00

9,00

6

8,6667

,40825

,16667

8,2382

9,0951

8,00

9,00

6

8,6667

,40825

,16667

8,2382

9,0951

8,00

9,00

6

8,6667

,60553

,24721

8,0312

9,3021

8,00

9,50

6

8,8333

,40825

,16667

8,4049

9,2618

8,50

9,50

6

8,9167

,37639

,15366

8,5217

9,3117

8,50

9,50

6

9,0000

,70711

,28868

8,2579

9,7421

8,00

10,00

6

9,9167

,37639

,15366

9,5217

10,3117

9,50

10,50

66

8,7576

,59642

,07341

8,6110

8,9042

8,00

10,50

kontrol

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error

Lower Bound

Upper Bound

95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

Minimum

Maximum

Tests of Normality

,293 6 ,117 ,822 6 ,091

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This i

*. s a lower bound of the true significance. Lilliefor

(2)

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

7.1.2. Viskositas Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Tests of Normality

,195 6 ,200* ,861 6 ,191

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

Lilliefors Significance Correction a.

Oneway

Descriptives

VISK_77

6 8,7500 ,68920 ,28137 8,0267 9,4733 8,00 9,50

6 9,0833 ,37639 ,15366 8,6883 9,4783 8,50 9,50

6 9,3333 ,81650 ,33333 8,4765 10,1902 8,00 10,00

6 9,4167 ,37639 ,15366 9,0217 9,8117 9,00 10,00

6 9,5833 ,37639 ,15366 9,1883 9,9783 9,00 10,00

6 9,6667 ,98319 ,40139 8,6349 10,6985 8,00 10,50

6 9,7500 ,52440 ,21409 9,1997 10,3003 9,00 10,50

6 9,8333 ,51640 ,21082 9,2914 10,3753 9,00 10,50

6 10,0000 ,44721 ,18257 9,5307 10,4693 9,50 10,50

6 9,6667 ,60553 ,24721 9,0312 10,3021 9,00 10,50

6 10,0000 ,54772 ,22361 9,4252 10,5748 9,00 10,50

66 9,5530 ,66291 ,08160 9,3901 9,7160 8,00 10,50

kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound 95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

6 8,4167 8,4167 6 8,4167 8,4167 6 8,5000 8,5000 6 8,6667 8,6667 6 8,6667 8,6667 6 8,6667 8,6667 6 8,8333 8,8333 6 8,9167 8,9167

6 9,0000

6 9,9167

,065 ,065 1,000 PE LAKUAR

Subset for alpha = .05

(3)

Post Hoc Tests

6 9,0833 9,0833

6 9,3333 9,3333 9,3333 6 9,4167 9,4167 9,4167

6 9,5833 9,5833

6 9,6667 9,6667

6 9,6667 9,6667

6 9,7500 9,7500

6 9,8333 9,8333

6 10,0000

6 10,0000

,083 ,067 ,107 PELAKUAN

Subset for alpha = .05

Means for groups in homogeneous subsets are displayed. Uses Harmonic Mean Sample Size = 6,000. a.

.1.3. Intensitas Warna Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

7

Tests of Normality

,281 6 ,150 ,814 6 ,079

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

Lilliefors Significance Correction a.

Descriptives

WARNA_65

6

1,4764

,03519

,01436

1,4395

1,5133

1,45

1,54

6

1,4318

,03649

,01490

1,3935

1,4701

1,40

1,48

6

1,4801

,00508

,00207

1,4748

1,4854

1,47

1,49

6

1,4912

,05378

,02196

1,4348

1,5476

1,40

1,56

6

1,4998

,00194

,00079

1,4977

1,5018

1,50

1,50

6

1,5006

,00201

,00082

1,4985

1,5027

1,50

1,50

6

1,5100

,00479

,00196

1,5049

1,5150

1,51

1,52

6

1,5398

,03878

,01583

1,4991

1,5805

1,48

1,59

6

1,5561

,00474

,00193

1,5511

1,5610

1,55

1,56

6

1,6443

,00712

,00291

1,6368

1,6518

1,63

1,65

6

1,8895

,07523

,03071

1,8105

1,9684

1,75

1,96

66

1,5472

,12495

,01538

1,5165

1,5779

1,40

1,96

kontrol

N

Mean

Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound

95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

(4)

o

6 1,4998 1,4998

6 1,5006 1,5006

6 1,5100 1,5100

6 1,5398 1,5398

6 1,5561

6 1,6443

6 1,8895

1,000 ,141 ,067 ,412 1,000 1,000

PERL

Uses Harmonic Me ple Si 000.

a. an Sam ze = 6,

Tests of Normality

,280 6 ,153 ,888 6 ,306

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lo nd of the ficance.

*. wer bou true signi

(5)

Descriptives

WARNA_77

6 1,4560 ,06011 ,02454 1,3929 1,5191 1,35 1,54

6 1,5776 ,10542 ,04304 1,4670 1,6882 1,46 1,70

6 1,5894 ,00622 ,00254 1,5829 1,5959 1,58 1,60

6 1,6067 ,06612 ,02699 1,5373 1,6761 1,50 1,69

6 1,6290 ,00911 ,00372 1,6194 1,6386 1,62 1,64

6 1,6491 ,01365 ,00557 1,6348 1,6634 1,63 1,66

6 1,6502 ,01311 ,00535 1,6365 1,6640 1,64 1,67

6 1,6547 ,00771 ,00315 1,6466 1,6628 1,65 1,66

6 1,6613 ,08431 ,03442 1,5728 1,7498 1,52 1,75

6 1,7212 ,00650 ,00265 1,7143 1,7280 1,71 1,73

6 1,8233 ,03871 ,01580 1,7827 1,8639 1,79 1,90

66 1,6381 ,09897 ,01218 1,6137 1,6624 1,35 1,90

kobtrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound 95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

Minimum Maximum

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

7.1.5.

Total Soluble Solid

Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Tests of Normality

,278 6 ,161 ,920 6 ,505

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnov a Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

Lilliefors Significance Correction a.

6 1,5894 1,5894

6 1,6067 1,6067 1,6067

6 1,6290 1,6290 1,6290

6 1,6491 1,6491

6 1,6502 1,6502

6 1,6547 1,6547

6 1,6613

6 1,7212

6 1,8233

1,000 ,114 ,054 ,108 1,000 1,000

PERLAK

Subset for alpha = .05

(6)

Oneway

Descriptives

TSS_65

6 11,0500 ,17607 ,07188 10,8652 11,2348 10,80 11,30

6 11,0667 ,16330 ,06667 10,8953 11,2380 10,80 11,20

6 11,1000 ,12649 ,05164 10,9673 11,2327 10,90 11,20

6 11,2500 ,17607 ,07188 11,0652 11,4348 11,00 11,50

6 11,3833 ,28577 ,11667 11,0834 11,6832 11,00 11,80

6 11,4167 ,25626 ,10462 11,1477 11,6856 11,00 11,80

6 11,4333 ,34448 ,14063 11,0718 11,7948 11,00 11,80

6 11,4333 ,23381 ,09545 11,1880 11,6787 11,20 11,80

6 11,4333 ,26583 ,10853 11,1544 11,7123 11,00 11,80

6 11,6333 ,26583 ,10853 11,3544 11,9123 11,20 12,00

6 11,8667 ,16330 ,06667 11,6953 12,0380 11,60 12,00

66 11,3697 ,31960 ,03934 11,2911 11,4483 10,80 12,00

kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound 95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

Minimum Maximum

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

TSS_65

Duncan a

6 11,0500

6 11,0667

6 11,1000

6 11,2500 11,2500

6 11,3833 11,3833

6 11,4167 11,4167

6 11,4333 11,4333

6 11,4333 11,4333

6 11,4333 11,4333

6 11,6333 11,6333

6 11,8667

,180 ,240 ,108 ,087

PERLAKUA

Subset for alpha = .05

(7)

7.1.6.

Total Soluble Solid

Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Tests of Normality

,202 6 ,200* ,853 6 ,167

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnov a Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

Lilliefors Significance Correction a.

Oneway

Descriptives TSS_77

6 11,1000 ,08944 ,03651 11,0061 11,1939 11,00 11,20

6 11,3500 ,42778 ,17464 10,9011 11,7989 10,90 11,80

6 11,2167 ,25626 ,10462 10,9477 11,4856 10,90 11,60

6 11,2333 ,10328 ,04216 11,1249 11,3417 11,10 11,40

6 11,3667 ,23381 ,09545 11,1213 11,6120 11,00 11,60

6 11,4000 ,17889 ,07303 11,2123 11,5877 11,20 11,60

6 11,4167 ,37103 ,15147 11,0273 11,8060 11,00 11,80

6 11,4667 ,16330 ,06667 11,2953 11,6380 11,20 11,60

6 11,6833 ,07528 ,03073 11,6043 11,7623 11,60 11,80

6 11,6667 ,16330 ,06667 11,4953 11,8380 11,40 11,80

6 11,7333 ,08165 ,03333 11,6476 11,8190 11,60 11,80

66 11,4212 ,28529 ,03512 11,3511 11,4913 10,90 11,80

kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound

95% Confidence Interval for Mean

Minimum Maximum

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

TSS_77

Duncana

6 11,1000

6 11,2167 11,2167

6 11,2333 11,2333

6 11,3500 11,3500

6 11,3667 11,3667

6 11,4000 11,4000

6 11,4167 11,4167

6 11,4667 11,4667 11,4667

6 11,6667 11,6667

6 11,6833 11,6833

6 11,7333

,071 ,102 ,055 ,065

PERLAKUA

Subset for alpha = .05

(8)

7.2. Lampiran 2. Analisa Data Sifat Kimiawi Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium

guajava

L

.)

7.2.1. Kadar Antioksidan Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Tests of Normality

,221 7 ,200* ,872 7 ,193

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnov a Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

Lilliefors Significance Correction a.

Oneway

Descriptives ANTKS_65

7 77,875137 7,9358799 2,9994807 70,535672 85,214602 69,0033 87,2946

6 80,321285 8,7802846 3,5845362 71,106942 89,535629 63,8554 87,8423

6 70,901789 13,9821283 5,7081800 56,228445 85,575133 52,6835 86,8565

6 68,127054 17,9321461 7,3207680 49,308420 86,945687 38,7733 86,3089

6 62,084702 19,4114873 7,9247065 41,713596 82,455809 36,8018 81,8182

6 59,766338 21,0819522 8,6066710 37,642186 81,890490 36,2541 86,1993

6 60,569551 11,1569170 4,5547923 48,861085 72,278017 45,6736 76,5608

6 51,569916 21,1001254 8,6140901 29,426692 73,713140 28,0394 77,1084

6 52,391384 22,4361504 9,1595200 28,846088 75,936680 27,1632 75,6846

6 48,302300 12,0212783 4,9076663 35,686742 60,917858 36,3636 66,9222

6 38,690334 23,4809675 9,5860648 14,048570 63,332098 ,0500 63,1982

67 61,216028 19,9894004 2,4420939 56,340230 66,091826 ,0500 87,8423

kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound

95% Confidence Interval for Mean

(9)

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

ANTKS_65

Duncan a,b

6 38,690334

6 48,302300 48,302300 6 51,569916 51,569916 6 52,391384 52,391384

6 59,766338 59,766338 59,766338 6 60,569551 60,569551 60,569551 6 62,084702 62,084702 6 68,127054 68,127054 6 70,901789 70,901789

7 77,875137

6 80,321285

,053 ,051 ,073 PERLAKUA

Subset for alpha = .05

Means for groups in homogeneous subsets are displayed. Uses Harmonic Mean Sample Size = 6,079. a.

The group sizes are unequal. The harmonic mean of the group sizes is used. Type I error levels are not guaranteed.

b.

7.2.2. Kadar Antioksidan Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Tests of Normality

,212 6 ,200* ,903 6 ,394

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

Lilliefors Significance Correction a.

Oneway

Descriptives

ANTKS_77

6 84,88499 2,354237162 ******** 82,41437414 87,35561491 81,92771 87,51369 6 76,34356 7,303411222 ******** 68,67909601 84,00801607 65,93647 87,96276 6 74,60752 3,692552512 ******** 70,73242479 78,48261720 67,57941 77,54655 6 71,92406 2,471249265 ******** 69,33064282 74,51747693 67,57941 74,37021 6 62,01168 3,238369078 ******** 58,61322317 65,41014302 58,26944 66,15553 6 50,03651 4,125867904 ******** 45,70667685 54,36634250 45,78313 55,85980 6 44,35926 8,091222754 ******** 35,86803767 52,85047273 35,59693 54,10734 6 44,08543 7,822166996 ******** 35,87657181 52,29429347 35,26835 54,10734 6 43,73859 7,361350094 ******** 36,01332758 51,46385387 35,81599 52,79299 6 43,17269 6,350196538 ******** 36,50856819 49,83681333 35,81599 53,88828 6 39,46696 3,435558483 ******** 35,86156123 43,07235626 34,61117 44,35926 66 57,69375 16,741770129 ******** 53,57810942 61,80939099 34,61117 87,96276 kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound 95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

(10)

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

ANTKS_77 Duncana

6 39,46696

6 43,17269 43,17269

6 43,73859 43,73859

6 44,08543 44,08543

6 44,35926 44,35926

6 50,03651

,181 ,060 1,000 ,199 1,000

PERLAKUA

Subset for alpha = .05

Means for groups in homogeneous subsets are displayed. Uses Harmonic Mean Sample Size = 6,000. a.

7.2.3. Kadar Vitamin C Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Tests of Normality

Kolmogorov-Smirnov(a)

Shapiro-Wilk

(11)

Oneway

Descriptives

VITC_65

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

VITC_65

Duncan

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error

95% Confidence Interval for Mean

Minimum

Maximum

Lower Bound

Upper Bound

kontrol

6

140,8000

7,87096

3,21331

132,5399

149,0601

132,00

149,60

6'44

6

110,0000

9,22952

3,76793

100,3142

119,6858

96,80

123,20

13'28

6

108,5333

12,02309

4,90841

95,9159

121,1508

88,00

123,20

20'12

6

88,0000

11,13122

4,54430

76,3185

99,6815

79,20

105,60

26'56

6

96,8000

22,26243

9,08860

73,4370

120,1630

70,40

132,00

33'40

6

95,3333

21,85284

8,92139

72,4002

118,2665

70,40

123,20

39'40

6

98,2667

6,62440

2,70440

91,3148

105,2185

88,00

105,60

45'40

6

93,8667

10,65733

4,35084

82,6825

105,0508

79,20

105,60

51'40

6

92,4000

9,22952

3,76793

82,7142

102,0858

79,20

105,60

57'40

6

82,1333

10,65733

4,35084

70,9492

93,3175

70,40

96,80

63'40

6

82,1333

14,37034

5,86667

67,0526

97,2141

70,40

105,60

Total

66

98,9333

20,07069

2,47053

93,9993

103,8673

70,40

149,60

Subset for alpha = .05

PERLAKUA

N

1

2

3

57'40

6

82,1333

63'40

6

82,1333

20'12

6

88,0000

51'40

6

92,4000

92,4000

45'40

6

93,8667

93,8667

33'40

6

95,3333

95,3333

26'56

6

96,8000

96,8000

39'40

6

98,2667

98,2667

13'28

6

108,5333

6'44

6

110,0000

kontrol

6

140,8000

Sig.

,077

,051

1,000

(12)

7.2.4. Kadar Vitamin C Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Tests of Normality

Kolmogorov-Smirnov(a)

Shapiro-Wilk

PERLAKU

A

Statistic

df

Sig.

Statistic

df

Sig.

kontrol

,202

6

,200(*)

,853

6

,167

6'20

,254

6

,200(*)

,866

6

,212

12'41

,209

6

,200(*)

,907

6

,415

19'01

,254

6

,200(*)

,866

6

,212

25'22

,267

6

,200(*)

,809

6

,070

31'43

,209

6

,200(*)

,907

6

,415

37'43

,212

6

,200(*)

,964

6

,847

43'43

,202

6

,200(*)

,853

6

,167

49'43

,342

6

,027

,847

6

,149

55'43

,209

6

,200(*)

,907

6

,415

VITC_77

61'43

,223

6

,200(*)

,908

6

,421

* This is a lower bound of the true significance.

a Lilliefors Significance Correction

Oneway

Descriptives

VITC_77

95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error

Lower Bound

Upper Bound

Minimum

Maximum

kontrol

6

132,00000

7,870959

3,213306

123,73993

140,26007

123,200

140,800

6'20

6

104,13333

6,624399

2,704400

97,18145

111,08521

96,800

114,400

12'41

6

102,66667

10,657329

4,350836

91,48249

113,85085

88,000

114,400

19'01

6

98,26667

6,624399

2,704400

91,31479

105,21855

88,000

105,600

25'22

6

98,26667

14,098321

5,755616

83,47139

113,06195

88,000

123,200

31'43

6

93,86667

10,657329

4,350836

82,68249

105,05085

79,200

105,600

37'43

6

85,46667

8,165701

3,333633

76,89729

94,03604

75,000

98,500

43'43

6

79,20000

7,870959

3,213306

70,93993

87,46007

70,400

88,000

49'43

6

77,73333

16,146661

6,591847

60,78845

94,67822

61,600

105,600

55'43

6

73,33333

10,657329

4,350836

62,14915

84,51751

61,600

88,000

61'43

6

71,86667

10,287598

4,199894

61,07049

82,66284

61,600

88,000

(13)

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

VITC_77

Means for groups in homogeneous subsets are displayed.

a Uses Harmonic Mean Sample Size = 6,000.

7.2.5. Nilai pH Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Tests of Normality

,278 6 ,161 ,920 6 ,505

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

(14)

Oneway

Descriptives

TSS_65

6 11,0500 ,17607 ,07188 10,8652 11,2348 10,80 11,30

6 11,0667 ,16330 ,06667 10,8953 11,2380 10,80 11,20

6 11,1000 ,12649 ,05164 10,9673 11,2327 10,90 11,20

6 11,2500 ,17607 ,07188 11,0652 11,4348 11,00 11,50

6 11,3833 ,28577 ,11667 11,0834 11,6832 11,00 11,80

6 11,4167 ,25626 ,10462 11,1477 11,6856 11,00 11,80

6 11,4333 ,34448 ,14063 11,0718 11,7948 11,00 11,80

6 11,4333 ,23381 ,09545 11,1880 11,6787 11,20 11,80

6 11,4333 ,26583 ,10853 11,1544 11,7123 11,00 11,80

6 11,6333 ,26583 ,10853 11,3544 11,9123 11,20 12,00

6 11,8667 ,16330 ,06667 11,6953 12,0380 11,60 12,00

66 11,3697 ,31960 ,03934 11,2911 11,4483 10,80 12,00

kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound 95% Confidence Interval for

Mean

Minimum Maximum

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

TSS_65

Duncan a

6 11,0500

6 11,0667

6 11,1000

6 11,2500 11,2500

6 11,3833 11,3833

6 11,4167 11,4167

6 11,4333 11,4333

6 11,4333 11,4333

6 11,4333 11,4333

6 11,6333 11,6333

6 11,8667

,180 ,240 ,108 ,087

PERLAKUA

Subset for alpha = .05

Means for groups in homogeneous subsets are displayed. Uses Harmonic Mean Sample Size = 6,000. a.

7.2.6. Nilai pH Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Tests of Normality

,202 6 ,200* ,853 6 ,167

Statistic df Sig. Statistic df Sig.

Kolmogorov-Smirnova Shapiro-Wilk

This is a lower bound of the true significance. *.

(15)

Oneway

Descriptives TSS_77

6 11,1000 ,08944 ,03651 11,0061 11,1939 11,00 11,20

6 11,3500 ,42778 ,17464 10,9011 11,7989 10,90 11,80

6 11,2167 ,25626 ,10462 10,9477 11,4856 10,90 11,60

6 11,2333 ,10328 ,04216 11,1249 11,3417 11,10 11,40

6 11,3667 ,23381 ,09545 11,1213 11,6120 11,00 11,60

6 11,4000 ,17889 ,07303 11,2123 11,5877 11,20 11,60

6 11,4167 ,37103 ,15147 11,0273 11,8060 11,00 11,80

6 11,4667 ,16330 ,06667 11,2953 11,6380 11,20 11,60

6 11,6833 ,07528 ,03073 11,6043 11,7623 11,60 11,80

6 11,6667 ,16330 ,06667 11,4953 11,8380 11,40 11,80

6 11,7333 ,08165 ,03333 11,6476 11,8190 11,60 11,80

66 11,4212 ,28529 ,03512 11,3511 11,4913 10,90 11,80

kontrol

N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Lower Bound Upper Bound

95% Confidence Interval for Mean

Minimum Maximum

Post Hoc Tests

Homogeneous Subsets

TSS_77 Duncana

6 11,1000

6 11,2167 11,2167

6 11,2333 11,2333

6 11,3500 11,3500

6 11,3667 11,3667

6 11,4000 11,4000

6 11,4167 11,4167

6 11,4667 11,4667 11,4667

6 11,6667 11,6667

6 11,6833 11,6833

6 11,7333

,071 ,102 ,055 ,065

PERLAKUA

Subset for alpha = .05

(16)

7.3. Lampiran 3. Model Matematika Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

7.3.1. Lampiran Model Matematika Data Fisik Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium

guajava

L

.)

7.3.1.1. Viskositas Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,98184

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 1,20767E-09 1,22251E-09 -2,18656E-09 4,60190E-09

B -1,91052E-07 2,34983E-07 -8,43471E-07 4,61366E-07

C ,000011011 ,000017084 -,000036421 ,000058442

D -,000276767 ,000581120 -,001890215 ,001336682

E ,002812162 ,009177966 -,022669957 ,028294282

F ,001683849 ,055948265 -,153653437 ,157021136

G 8,336158269 ,093560396 8,076392966 8,595923573

_

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 10,0

9,5

9,0

8,5

8,0

Predicted Values X

(17)

7.3.1.2. Viskositas Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,97480

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 2,41956E-09 1,51047E-09 -1,77417E-09 6,61329E-09

B -4,15632E-07 2,80928E-07 -1,19561E-06 3,64348E-07

C ,000026083 ,000019757 -,000028771 ,000080937

D -,000716799 ,000650019 -,002521541 ,001087944

E ,007421675 ,009932711 -,020155951 ,034999301

F ,024285270 ,058740555 -,138804656 ,187375197

G 8,755542809 ,096177352 8,488511671 9,022573946

_

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 10,2

10,0

9,8

9,6

9,4

9,2

9,0

8,8

8,6

Predicted Values X

Y

(18)

7.3.1.3. Intensitas Warna Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,98886

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 2,89246E-07 5,15411E-08 1,63129E-07 4,15362E-07

B -,000030588 6,62467E-06 -,000046798 -,000014378

C ,001031814 ,000274460 ,000360234 ,001703393

D -,009953390 ,003992697 -,019723168 -,000183612

E 1,473912151 ,016513257 1,433505668 1,514318634

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 1,9

1,8

1,7

1,6

1,5

1,4

Predicted Values X

(19)

7.3.1.4. Intensitas Warna Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,97503

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 3,04251E-08 6,29837E-08 -1,23690E-07 1,84541E-07

B 2,15666E-06 7,84292E-06 -,000017034 ,000021348

C -,000397272 ,000314771 -,001167490 ,000372946

D ,014813928 ,004437412 ,003955971 ,025671884

E 1,468406000 ,017786234 1,424884652 1,511927348

_

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 1,9

1,8

1,7

1,6

1,5

1,4

Predicted Values X

Y

(20)

7.3.1.5.

Total Soluble Solid

Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,99070

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 5,82322E-07 9,25100E-08 3,55958E-07 8,08686E-07

B -,000068061 ,000011890 -,000097156 -,000038966

C ,002430946 ,000492622 ,001225543 ,003636349

D -,016249923 ,007166402 -,033785478 ,001285631

E 11,057023415 ,029639271 10,984498731 11,129548100

_

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 12,0

11,8

11,6

11,4

11,2

11,0

Predicted Values

X

Y

(21)

7.3.1.6.

Total Soluble Solid

Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.

suhu 77

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,95197

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A -1,59754E-09 1,10862E-09 -4,67558E-09 1,48049E-09

B 3,08420E-07 2,06190E-07 -2,64054E-07 8,80894E-07

C -,000022819 ,000014501 -,000063080 ,000017442

D ,000804186 ,000477086 -,000520418 ,002128789

E -,013351774 ,007290166 -,033592519 ,006888970

F ,090912864 ,043112798 -,028787453 ,210613181

G 11,107219600 ,070589143 10,911232719 11,303206481

_

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 11,8

11,7

11,6

11,5

11,4

11,3

11,2

11,1

11,0

Predicted Values X

Y

(22)

7.3.2. Lampiran Model Matematika Data Kimiawi Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah

(

Psidium guajava

L

.)

7.3.2.1. Kadar Antioksidan Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,98565

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A -1,84222E-06 5,06296E-06 -,000014231 ,000010546

B ,000254342 ,000650752 -,001337991 ,001846674

C -,008671815 ,026960632 -,074642104 ,057298474

D -,508460972 ,392208895 -1,468161566 ,451239622

E 79,978065655 1,622124121 76,008870919 83,947260391

Graph

90 80 70 60 50 40 70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

-10

X

Predicted Values

X

(23)

7.3.2.2. Kadar Antioksidan Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,97282

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A -,000012114 ,000012001 -,000041480 ,000017252

B ,001848216 ,001494435 -,001808535 ,005504967

C -,081649837 ,059978368 -,228411616 ,065111942

D ,165861139 ,845530330 -1,903077047 2,234799324

E 82,749642941 3,389095269 74,456825564 91,042460319

_

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 90

80

70

60

50

40

30

Predicted Values X

Y

(24)

7.3.2.3. Kadar Vitamin C Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,90043

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 1,26160E-08 1,02990E-07 -2,73330E-07 2,98562E-07

B -1,76130E-06 ,000019796 -,000056724 ,000053202

C ,000084741 ,001439206 -,003911134 ,004080616

D -,003224816 ,048956557 -,139150011 ,132700378

E ,170877438 ,773200114 -1,975870234 2,317625111

F -4,830814184 4,713364437 -17,91721180 8,255583438

G 139,96922675 7,881797797 118,08584784 161,85260566

_

Graph

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

-10

150

140

130

120

110

100

90

80

Predicted Values

X

(25)

7.3.2.4. Kadar Vitamin C Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,97603

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A ,000040340 ,000011967 ,000011058 ,000069623

B -,005367002 ,001490166 -,009013307 -,001720696

C ,236206658 ,059807045 ,089864091 ,382549225

D -4,533559209 ,843115166 -6,596587702 -2,470530717

E 129,88927973 3,379414487 121,62015038 138,15840909

Graph

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

-10

140

130

120

110

100

90

80

70

Predicted Values

X

(26)

7.3.3.5. pH Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 65

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,98250

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 9,98757E-09 1,74282E-08 -3,26576E-08 5,26328E-08

B -2,08465E-06 2,24008E-06 -7,56593E-06 3,39662E-06

C ,000123529 ,000092806 -,000103560 ,000350618

D -,000655717 ,001350104 -,003959303 ,002647868

E 4,157194399 ,005583916 4,143531048 4,170857750

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 4,26

4,24

4,22

4,20

4,18

4,16

4,14

Predicted Values X

Y

(27)

7.3.3.6. pH Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah (

Psidium guajava

L

.)

suhu 77

o

C

Non-linear Regression

R squared = 1 - Residual SS / Corrected SS = ,97426

_

Asymptotic 95 %

Asymptotic Confidence Interval

Parameter Estimate Std. Error Lower Upper

A 2,07951E-10 2,11794E-09 -5,23638E-09 5,65229E-09

B 1,69283E-08 3,28832E-07 -8,28361E-07 8,62218E-07

C -4,01193E-06 ,000018121 -,000050593 ,000042569

D ,000169941 ,000419992 -,000909682 ,001249564

E -,000110563 ,003688050 -,009590997 ,009369871

F 4,093953411 ,009361302 4,069889418 4,118017404

Graph

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 4,24

4,22

4,20

4,18

4,16

4,14

4,12

4,10

4,08

Predicted Values X

Y

(28)

70

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

(6) (7) (8)

(9)

(10)

Lampiran 4. Proses Pembuatan Sari Buah Jambu Biji Merah

(

Psidium guajava

L

.

)

Keterangan :

(1).

Jambu Biji Merah

(

Psidium guajava

L

.

) (4). Penghancuran Buah dengan

blender

(7).Pencampuran (bubur buah, air,asam sitrat,cmc)

(2). Pencucian dan Pemotongan (5). Bubur Buah

(8). Sari Buah Sebelum Pasteurisasi

(3).

Blanching

100

o

C selama 3 menit (6).

Penyaringan (mesh 100)

(9). Pasteurisasi

(29)

(30)
(31)

Lampiran 5. Perhitungan Waktu Pra-Pasteurisasi untuk Pasteurisasi Suhu 65

o

C

x

(menit)

Class Mark

x

f(x)

Frekuensi Relatif

P(x)

x. P(x)

(menit)

25-29 27 4 0,22

6

30-34 32 7 0,39 12,44

35-39 37 4 0,22 8,22

40-44 42 3 0,17

7

Σ = 18

λ =

Σ

x. P(x

) =

33,67

Keterangan:

x

= waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai suhu pasteurisasi yang diinginkan (menit)

Class Mark

x

=

( batas atas + batas bawah) / 2

f(x) =

jumlah sampel yang mencapai suhu pasteurisasi yang diinginkan

P(x)

=

frekuensi relatif atau peluang sampel

λ

ˆ

=

Σ

x. P(x)

= rata-rata proses

Lampiran 6. Perhitungan Waktu Pra-Pasteurisasi untuk Pasteurisasi Suhu 77

o

C

x

(menit)

Class Mark

x

f(x)

Frekuensi Relatif

P(x)

x. P(x)

(menit)

20-24 22 1 0,06 1,22

25-29 27 7 0,39 10,5

30-34 32 4 0,22 7,11

35-39 37 4 0,22 8,22

40-44 42 2 0,11 4,67

(32)

31,72

Keterangan:

x

= waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai suhu pasteurisasi yang diinginkan (menit)

Class Mark

x

=

(batas atas + batas bawah) / 2

f(x) =

jumlah sampel yang mencapai suhu pasteurisasi yang diinginkan

P(x)

=

frekuensi relatif atau peluang sampel

λ

ˆ

=

Σ

x. P(x)

= rata-rata proses

Lampiran 7. Standar Nasional Indonesia Minuman Sari Buah

Figur

Memperbarui...

Referensi

Memperbarui...