TANTANGAN DAN PENGELOLAAN DANA HIBAH

Teks penuh

(1)

Strategi Mobilisasi dan Funding Instrumen

REDD +

TANTANGAN DAN PENGELOLAAN

DANA HIBAH

M.S Sembiring

Direktur Eksekutif Yayasan KEHATI

(2)

• KEHATI is a not-for-profit, non-governmental grant-making foundation aims to promote

conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity resources in Indonesia for current & future

generations of the country & the world .

• KEHATI’s establishment in Jakarta on 1994 was triggered by global concern to the environment at the “Tokyo Declaration” in Tokyo and the “Earth Summit” in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. • KEHATI funds and facilitates biodiversity

conservation through efforts made by NGOs, local communities, youth, scientists,

professionals and other civil society members

(3)

Indonesian Biodiversity Project

• Period: March 30, 1995 to June 2012

• Total amount of endowment distributed : US$ 17,445,824 ,around 996 grant receipients

• Objectives: Promoting policies for enhancement of biodiversity; Networkings among NGOs, research

education etc., to exchange information; Fostering and improving capabilities to conserve and use biodiversity

Background

: Rio summit 1992; Tokyo Declaration 1992;

(4)

Program Distribution

TFCA, MFP Ekosistem Hutan Ekosistem Pesisir Ekosistem Agro Ekosistem Laut MFP MFP Ekosistem Hutan Ekosistem Laut Ekosistem Agro Ekosistem Laut MFP MFP

(5)

Instrumen Pendanaan

REDD+

Nasional

HIBAH INVESTASI TRADING

REDD+

(6)

Dasar Hukum Hibah

• UU No. 17 Tahun 2003 tentang Keuangan Negara;

• UU No. 1 Tahun 2004 tentang Perbendaharaan Negara;

• UU No. 33 Tahun 2004 tentang Perimbangan Keuangan antara • Pemerintah Pusat dan Pemerintahan Daerah;

• PP No. 57 Tahun 2005 tentang Hibah kepada Daerah;

• PP No. 58 Tahun 2005 tentang Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah;

• PP No. 2 Tahun 2006 tentang Tatacara Pengadaan Pinjaman dan/ atau Penerimaan Hibah serta penerusan Pinjaman dan/atau Hibah Luar Negeri • PP No. 38 Tahun 2007 tentang Pembagian Urusan Pemerintahan antara

Pemerintah, Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi, dan Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten/Kota.

(7)

Grants are funds disbursed by one party (grant makers), often a government department, corporation, foundation or trust, to a recipient, often (but not always) a nonprofit entity, educational institution, business or an individual. In order to receive a grant, some form of "Grant Writing" often referred to as either a

proposal or an application is usually required.

Most grants are made to fund a specific project and require some level of compliance and reporting. The grant writing process involves an applicant submitting a proposal (or submission) to a potential funder, either on the applicant's own initiative or in response to a Request for Proposal from the funder. Other grants can be given to individuals, such as victims of natural

disasters or individuals such as people who seek to open a small business. Sometimes grant makers require grant seekers to have some form of tax-exempt status, be a registered nonprofit

organization or a local government.

(8)

DONOR AGENCY

Grant Distributor RECIPIENT Grantee TRUST TRUST World Bank UNDP UNEP CSO/KEHATI

Flow of Grants

(9)

Assets Management :

Biodiversity Endowment Fund

1. Market value & return of Assets

● Original value at inception (1995) : $ 16,500,000 (a) ● Market value (net, Jun ’12) : $ 14,691,619 (b) ● Total withdrawals (1996- Jun 1012) : $ 17,445,824 (c)

● Gross value of Endowment Fund : $ 31,737,443 d=(b+c) ● Total returns generated : $ 15,237,443 (d-a) ● Annualized returns on investment : 6 % p.a.

2. Assets Composition

● 1996-1998 60% Equity : 40% Fixed Income ● 2000-2002 55% Equity : 45% Fixed Income

(10)

Market value of Endowment Fund

1995 – June 2012

During the term of 1995 – 2012, KEHATI distributed 996 grants that covered by 1.357 MoU with total fund disbursed of

Rp60.198.561.036 $16.50 $18.43 $21.16 $22.38 $24.95 $22.58 $19.86 $17.36 $19.52 $20.31 $19.82 $21.25 $22.63 $16.67 $17.73 $16.09 $14.53 $14.69 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 in Million 0.5% 2.1% 1.6% 1.4% 22,9% 64.6% 7.0% Kelompok Swadaya Masyarakat Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat Lembaga Penelitian Ilmiah dan Kajian Kebijakan

Institusi Pendidikan dan Lembaga Pelatihan Kelompok Agama dan Kelompok Sosial Budaya Organisasi Pemuda Mahasiswa dan Perempuan

Asosiasi Profesi dan Kelompok Tenaga Ahli

(11)

Total withdrawals 1996 – Jun 2012 $ 0.56 $ 0.77 $ 0.90 $ 1.47 $ 1.27 $ 0.89 $ 0.88 $ 0.97 $ 1.50 $ 1.25 $ 1.60 $ 0.80 $ 1.85 $ 1.05 $ 0.80 $ 0.90 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Jun-12 in Million

(12)

Total Fund managed by KEHATI

Endowment Funds US$ 16.5 million

TFCA-I, Sumatera US$ 30 million TFCA-II, Kalimantan US$ 28,5 million MFP II – UKAID GBP 7.5 million -> US$ 10,5 million Corporate Chevron US$ 1 million

Others US$ 1 million

Total US$ 87,5 million

(13)

Type Grants managed by KEHATI

Endowment Revolving Sinking Fund (Amortizing) TRUST FUND

(14)

General Guidelines for ASSETS MANAGEMENT

Prudent & Effective Management for ensuring the success and the long-term sustainability

• Provide learning process of building EF as an effective and sustainable organization

• Effective structure is a key for establishing a prolific relationship • Careful and professional investment management significantly

affect capital and attractiveness to donor

Formulation the investment strategy to overcome the vulnerability

• Fund managers must equalize the maximizing income and minimizing risks

• Spending policy has to ensure the higher income generated in more successful years will augment the income in lower years • Conservative Investment approach is to answer the difficulty in

(15)

General Guidelines ASSETS MANAGEMENT

(

con.t)

Important Aspects of the governance, standards and

procedures to managing the Trust Fund must be in place:

• The purpose and the duration of the fund

• The Boards/committees, its power, responsibilities, terms,

Meetings

• The Executive Director and staff • Investment guidelines

• Accounting procedures and auditing • Programmed fund

(16)

Management of Risks – The ability to provide its own initial investments in the communities and programs reduces the risks for partners wanting to engage in the same activities

Stakeholder Management – Relationship and connections to various publics allows it to serve as a convener and bridge to different sectors

Information and Know how – Has access to technical and expert advice which can be used by companies for decision making and practices

Reputation - Reputation and credibility as an environmental organization could provide partners with significant

advantage

(17)

U.S. Tropical Forest Conservation Act of 1998,

Public Law No. 105-214

To facilitate the Conservation, Protection,

Restoration, and Sustainable Use of tropical forests

in Indonesia

(18)

Treasury USAID $19.6 million USG GOI (MOF) $2 million Swap Partners SP #1 SP #2 Trustee Administrator Oversight Committee USG, GOI, SP Local NGOs Other local entities Pos. GOI (exceptional circumstances) N ew O bl ig at io n

Makes decisions on grants

X

Deb t rep ay men ts on trea ted d eb t ca nce lle d Gr an ts to

(19)

TFCA Management Structure

GOI CI KEHATI Forest Conservation Agreement OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE Other Local Entities Local NGOs/ CBOs ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ad Hoc Grant to :

Grant Recipient Agreement

Grant Recipient (Eligible Entities)

Designee of USG, GOI, CI, KEHATI, Designated Member Institution + Authorized Representative of Administrator as a Secretary of OC Acceptance Instrument

(20)

Peningkatan Kapasitas dalam

Implementasi SVLK

• Sampai dengan 2012 telah tersedia 350 auditor SVLK; 23 fasilitator pendamping bersertifikat • Pelatihan SVLK untuk 130 pengelola hutan

komunitas (HKm & Hutan rakyat) dan 95 UKM • Memfasiltiasi 5 hutan komunitas bersertifikat

SVLK di Lampung Tengah, Wonosobo, Blora, Gunung Kidul, Konawe Selatan

• Training Implementasi SVLK untuk Usaha Kecil dan Menengah (SMEs) di 6 kota di Jawa

• Penyusunan standar kompetensi kerja nasional Indonesia Bidang penilaian kinerja pengelolaan hutan lestari atau verifikasi legalitas kayu.

• Stock taking/mapping situasi kehutanan,

industry kehutanan, termasuk pengembangan HTR, kapasitas lembaga formal dan informal dalam kesiapan terhadap PHPL dan

implemetasi SVLK (NAD + Papua)

Bekerjasama dengan mitra daerah dalam Peningkatan kapasitas para pihak

terutama penggiat hutan rakyat, hutan desa, hutan kemasyarakatan dan

pelaku industry kecil dan menengah (IKM) dalam menyiapkan Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (VLK).

(21)

Memfasilitasi pertemuan multipihak dalam proses negosiasi FLEGT-VPA antara Indonesia dengan Uni Eropa dan berkomunikasi secara intensif dalam mempersiapkan JEM, TWG dan Video conference dengan Uni Eropa.

Secara proaktif mempromosikan SVLK di berbagai ajang pameran baik nasional

maupun international (IFFINA, China, Brussel, dll)

Menyelesaikan dokumen Joint Implementation Strategy (JIS)

Pembangunan lembaga Licensing Information Unit (LIU)

SVLK goes to Campus

Negosiasi FLEGT-VPA Indonesia dengan Uni Eropa

(22)

TFCA-1: Mengapa Sumatera?

∗ Termasuk satu dari 34 wilayah dengan endemisme kehati tertinggi di dunia

∗ 260 spesies yang ada di Sumatera terancam punah.

∗ Laju deforestasi (konversi), termasuk yang tertinggi di dunia

∗ Tutupan hutan tinggal sekitar 29%, padahal dibutuhkan minimal 40% tutupan lahan untuk

menciptakan keseimbangan faktor ekologi, sosial dan ekonomi

∗ Kawasan konservasi yang ada belum mampu melindungi keanekaragaman hayati Sumatera dan dalam posisi yang terfragmentasi

(23)

KEL: Linge Isak

Hutan Batang Toru-TN Batang Gadis TN Kerinci Seblat Semenanjung Kampar-Senepis KEL: SIngkil

SIKLUS PERTAMA

(2011-2014)

- 104 Konsep Usulan

- 5 Proposal diterima

- Total pendanaan

Rp. 24,2 milyar.

- Intervensi lansekap:

Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser,

Hutan Batang Toru-TN

Batang Gadis, TK Kerinci

Seblat, Semenanjung

Kampar-Senepis

Mitra: Yayasan Leuser Internasional, Konsorsium Sahabat (Petra-Bitra), Institut Green Aceh, KKI Warsi, Jikalahari

(24)

BT Toru- TN Bt Gadis

TN

Siberut

TN Kerinci Seblat TN Tesso Nilo

TN Bukit Barisan Selatan KEL-Blok Karo

Langkat

KEL-Rawa Tripa

Mitra: Jaringan Akar, Konsorsium WWF-PKHS Riau, Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari, Konsorsium Yayasan Orangutan Sumatera Lestari - Orangutan Information Centre (OIC), Konsorsium Yayasan Kirekat Indonesia,

Konsorsium Yayasan TN Tesso Nilo, Konsorsium Unila-PILI

SIKLUS KEDUA

(2011-2014)

- 39 Konsep Usulan

- 7 Proposal disetujui

- Total pendanaan

Rp. 29,823 4 milyar.

Intervensi lansekap:

TN Kerinci Seblat, TN Bukit

Tigapuluh, KEL-Rawa Tripa,

KEL Karo Langkat, TN Siberut,

TN Tesso Nilo. TN Bukit

(25)

TFCA 2

Tropical Forest Conservation Action 2, adalah program kemitraan antara Pemerintah Amerika, Pemerintah Republik Indonesia, The Nature

Conservancy (TNC) dan World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) akan memberikan dukungan

pendanaan untuk melindungi keanekaragaman hayati, mengamankan karbon hutan, dan

meningkatkan penghidupan masyarakat dengan melindungi hutan di Kalimantan dengan nilai

(26)

Latar Belakang

Kalimantan merupakan tempat hidup

berbagai mamalia besar seperti

Orangutan, Owa-owa, Macan Akar, Gajah

“Pigmy”. Ada 210 spesies mamalia, 44

diantaranya merupakan spesies endemik.

Pada periode 1994 – 2004, telah

ditemukan spesies `sebanyak 361 spesies.

Kalimantan tempat hidup suku Dayak,

yang memiliki 140 bahasa , saat ini

(27)

∗ Pada tahun 1985, tutupan hutan

mencapai 75% Pada tahun 2005 tinggal 50%.

∗ Pada periode 1985 – 2005, laju deforestasi mencapai 850.000 ha setiap tahun.

∗ Keragaman hayati dan hutan memiliki peran penting dalam perubahan iklim. ∗ Presiden SBY berkoitmen menurunkan

emisi gas rumah kaca 21% secara mandiri, dan 41% dengan bantuan negara.

∗ Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca Kalimantan 917

MtCO2 pada tahun 2005. secara bertahap meningkat 7,2% setiap tahun, menjadi

1.298 MtCO2 pada tahun 2010, bersumber dari deforestasi dan degradasi hutan

1985

(28)

Lokasi

Kapuas Hulu

Berau

(29)

Tujuan

∗ Melindungi keanekaragaman, spesies yang terancam punah termasuk

ekosistemnya, daerah tangkapan,

menghubungkan antar zona ekologis, melalui koridor hutan.

∗ Meningkatkan manfaat bagi masyarakat dalam pemanfaatan sumberdaya alam, ∗ Mengimplementasi demonstration

activities program REDD+

∗ Memberikan kontribusi dalam

pengayaan dan pertukaran gagasan dan pengalaman dalam konservasi hutan

(30)

Penerima Manfaat

∗ NGOs/LSM lingkungan, kehutanan atau konservasi yang didirikan dan beroperasi di Indonesia

∗ Masyarakat lokal/regional,

termasuk Masyarakat Hukum Adat ∗ Perguruan Tinggi

(31)

In te rn at io na l Fu nd in g R es ou rc es N at io na l F un d M an ag em en t Pro jec t Lev el Multilateral Innitiatives And Programme • UN-REDD /FCPF • European Commission • International Tropical Timber Organisation • World Bank Forest

Investment Programme

Foundation

• WWF

• Fauna and Flora International • The Nature

Conservancy • Clinton Foundation • Private donors

Debt For Nature Swap

• US Government under the Tropical Forest Conservation Act

Bilaterral Innitiatives And Programme

- Government of Australia, Great Britain, Germany, Norway, Japan, US, Korea - Indonesia-Australia Forest

Carbon Partnership - German Agency for

Technical Cooperation - KfW Entiwicklungsbank - Norway-indonesia letter of

Inten for US$ 1bn in funding

Carbon Marhet Finances (Voluntary) • Bank of America/ Merrill Lynch • Macquire bank • Emerald Planet Non-REDD forest conservation projects - Orang utan Conservation Services

- Yayasan Bina Usaha Lingkungan

National environmental funds Not yet disbursing - Indonesia Climate Change Trus Fund - Narional Forest Trus Fund

- Biodiversity Fund between KEHATI, Ministry of Environment, an Ministry of Forestry (linked to REDD+)

Active Voluntary / demonstartion REDD projects

• Approximately 30 known voluntary and demonstration projects

Regional Environment Funds Not yet disbursing

• Indonesia-Malaysia Regional Trustfund (not established yet) • Potential fund for WWF Heart

of Borneo

Technical assistance and capacity building projects

• GTZ – forest management • AusAID – carbon monitoring framework • Clinton Foundation – measurement sysytems, advancing international negotiations and securing finance. PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP [ > US$500m] [US$100 - US$500m] [US$10m - US$100] [< US$10m]

Figure 18: Indonesia - Current funding flows for REDD related activities

(32)
(33)

THANK YOU

Figur

Memperbarui...

Referensi

Memperbarui...

Related subjects :