THE EFFECTIVENESS OF “THE POWER OF TWO” STRATEGY IN STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION IN NARRATIVE TEXT (An experimental research on the 2nd grade students of SMPN 2 Binangun,
Cilacap in academic year 2014/2015)
Submitted to the English Department as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for S. Pd Degree
Suteng Sulistyani 1001050104
ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF PURWOKERTO
This thesis is dedicated for:
Allah SWT, the only God of the universe who always gives me strength, healthy, and
My beloved mom and dad who always give me support, motivation, advice, pray and
endless love. You are my big inspiration and I love you so much.
My beloved family (Mba Tuti, Mas Toni, Mas Ambar, Mas Riris) who always accompany
me and support me all the way. I love you so much.
My supervisors (Mr. Arif Hertanto) Thanks for your advice and suggestion so I could
prove to finish my thesis. Thank you for the support and knowledge you give to me.
My beloved friend in Salsabile Kost. Thank you for your support.
My best friends (Rere, Tian, Mba Lisa, Ayu, Ika, Anita, Mba dani). Thank you for your
My beloved friends when I did “PPL” (Eka, Dwi, Febri, Inggar, Yadi, Agit, Septi, Mba
Yanti, Ninik, Indah, Tami, Riana, Faizah) thank you for your support.
Big family from SMP N 2 Binangun, Cilacap.Thank you for the support.
All my friends in English Education Department. Thanks for all.
And all of my friends in Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto who I could not
“If you're not making mistakes, then you're not doing anything.” (John Wooden)
“You never achieve success unless you like what you are doing.” (Dale Carnegie)
“Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared.”
AlhamdulillahiRabbil„alamin. Thanks to Allah SWT who has given
blessing and mercy so that the thesis as a partial fulfillment for requirements of
S.Pd. Degree of English Education Department, Teacher Training and Education
Faculty, Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto could be finished. Secondly,
1. Drs. H. Syamsuhad Irsyad, S.H, M.H, the rector of Muhammadiyah
University of Purwokerto.
2. Drs. Ahmad, M.Pd., the Dean of the Teacher Training and Education Faculty
who has permitted me for doing the thesis.
3. Drs. Pudiyono S.Pd, M.Hum, as the head of English Department.
4. Drs. Arif Hertanto, M.Pd, as the supervisor who had guided, given suggestion,
and corrected my thesis to be better.
5. All the lecturers in English Education Department for the dedication in giving
the knowledge to me.
6. The headmaster of SMP N 2 Binangun, Cilacap who had allowed permission
to conduct the research.
7. Supandi, S.Pd MM, as the English teacher at second graders of SMP N 2
8. All the second grade students of 2 Binangun, Cilacap particularly VIII A and
VIII E who had participated in the research.
In writing this thesis, there are still many weak nesses in, as there is
nothing perfect in the world, so any criticism and suggestions from the readers are
needed to make it better. It is expected that this thesis will give valuable things
particularly for educational field and also those who are interested.
Purwokerto, August 2015
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF “THE POWER OF TWO” STRATEGY IN
STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION IN NARRATIVE TEXT (An Experimental Research on the Second Grade students of SMP Negeri 2
Binangun, Cilacap in Academic Year of 2014/2015)
Suteng Sulistyani (1001050104)
The aim of this research was to find out whether “the power of two” strategy was effective or not to assist students‟ reading comprehension in narrative text.
The study was conducted from 18th of May up to 6th of June 2015 at SMPN 2 Binangun, Cilacap. The method used in this research was experimental research. This experimental research involved: experimental group and control group in which each group consisted of 32 students. In collecting the data, pre-test and post-test were used. Then, the tests were analyzed by using t-test to find out
whether “the power of two” strategy was effective or not in teaching reading
The result of the data analysis of t-test showed that the t-value was higher than that on t-table (4.33>1.67). It revealed that there was a positive effect of “the
power of two” strategy in teaching reading narrative text. Thus, it concluded that
teaching reading using “the power of two” strategy was effective.
TABLE OF CONTENT
H. Contribution of The Research ... 5
CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW A. Reading Comprehension ... 7
1. Definition of Reading... 7
2. Reading Comprehension ... 8
4. Strategy Reading process ... 11
B. Narrative... 12
1. Definition of Narrative Text ... 12
2. Components of Narrative Text ... 13
3. Language Features of Narrative Text ... 14
4. Narrative Text Types ... 15
C. “The power of two” ... 16
1. The definition of “the power of two” ... 16
2. The Procedural Stepsof “the power of two” ... 18
3. The Advantages of “the power of two” ... 19
4. The Disadvantages of “the power of two” ... 19
D. Teaching Reading Narrative Using “the power of two”... 20
E. Basic Assumption ... 21
F. Hypothesis ... 22
CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A. Research Methodology... 23
B. Place and Time of Research ... 24
C. Subject of Research ... 26
1. Population ... 26
2. Sample ... 26
3. Sampling Technique ... 26
D. Technique of Collecting Data ... 27
1. Pretest ... 27
E. The Technique of Analyzing Data ... 28
1. Validity ... 28
2. Reliability ... 28
3. Facility Value ... 29
4. Students‟ Competency ... 30
5. T-test Computation ... 33
CHAPTER IV RESULT AND DISCUSSION A. Result ... 34
1. The Result of Experimental Class ... 34
2. The Result of Control Class ... 36
3. The Comparison of The Test Result ... 38
4. Class Mean ... 40
5. T-Test ... 41
B. Discussion ... 42
CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION A. Conclusion ... 44
B. Suggestion... 44 REFERRENCES
List of Tables
Table 1 : the Schedule of Research ... 25
Table 2 : the Criteria of Item Difficulty ... 30
Table 3 : the Percentage of Students‟ Score in Pretest (Experimental Class) ... 34
Table 4 : the Percentage of Students‟ Score in Posttest (Experimental Class) ... 35
Table 5 : the Percentage of Students‟ Score in Pretest (Control Class) ... 36
Table 6 : the Percentage of Students‟ Score in Posttest (Control Class) ... 37
List of Chart
Chart 1 : the Comparison of Pre-Test Result ... 38
Chart 2 : the Comparison of Post-test Result ... 39
List of Appendix Appendices A
Appendix 1 : Item Analysis of Pre Test
Appendix 2 : Item Analysis of Post Test
Appendix 3 : Calculation of Validity Post Test
Appendix 4 : Calculation of Reliability Post Test
Appendix 5 : Pretest and Posttest Score of Experimental Class
Appendix 6 : Pretest and Posttest Score of Control Class
Appendix 7 : Pretest and Posttest Score Table of Both Classes
Appendix 8 : Computation of T-test
Appendix 9 : the Percentage of Students‟ Score of Experimental Class
Appendix 10 : the Percentage of Students‟ Score of Control Class Appendix 11 : T-table
Appendix 12 : r-table
Appendix 1 : Pretest Instrument
Appendix 2 : Posttest Instrument
Appendix 3 : Key Answer of Pretest and Posttest
Appendix 4 : Lesson Plan (Experimental Class)