copying tasks from each other. That report is, then till now, of one page of size ~A4 paper, allowed to use the blank backside of used paper, noting an attitude of „save the trees!‟. Its content would be, besides data like student‟s name and registration number, course title, class number (if applicable), group letter (if applicable), date of submission, a summary of last week‟s lecture(s) content and one question with a guessed answer. If the class is small, each student should do the weekly report. If the class is large, say at least 30 students, they should group themselves in pairs (students prefer choosing their partner themselves; it is stressed that this partnership will remain fixed for the semester; at least as a very useful experience of doing reports together); the lecturer then will designate the groups by, say, the letters A, B, C, etc. Usually this is done in the second week, based on the sorted (according to the smaller student registration number in the group) pile of reports. Every first lecture of the week (if there are two sessions each week), within the first 15 minutes (to avoid diverting attention during the lecture due to finishing the report during class), the reports should be submitted, sorted by group letter. This will ease the lecturer‟s effort to register submissions after class. To exercise some discipline as habit, usually a discount of 50% is applied to the report‟s score if some incompleteness is discovered in the report (50% for the first error, 25% for the second error, 25% for any further errors). This rule usually breaks the ice, causing laughter
The linkage of iron with hemoglobin levels can be explained that iron is the main component that plays an important role in the formation of blood (hemopoiesis) that is synthesizing hemoglobin. Excess iron is stored as a ferritin protein, hemosiderin in the liver, spinal cord and the rest in the spleen and muscle. If the iron deposits are reduced and the amount of iron obtained from food is also renegal, there will be an iron imbalance in the body, resulting in hemoglobin levels falling below the normal limit called iron anemia
This study also found that most of respondents said the symptoms were reduced after giving Information-Focused Therapy. Information-Focused Therapy is one of non- pharmacological treatment for PMS handling, where this therapy can change perception someone to be better so, can change her attitude being more better 14 . This is in line with this study, where based on Paired sample t-test was used find out changes of symptoms before and after giving IFT (p=0.003). There is a decrease of symptoms before and after IFT. And from result of in-depth interview, most participant said that her perception about PMS being more positive. They said that their symptoms of PMS are a normal condition as symptoms of PMS. The previous study stated that perception is a process by which a person organize in her mind, interpret, experience and cultivate a harbinger or in everything that happens around the environment. How things are affecting perception, will also be able to influence the behavior that will be choosen 13 .
Although most of working mothers are often expected to be well-informed, there are findings regarding their knowledge that warrants further interventions. For instance when asked about how to breast feed, how to squeeze milk and how to properly store breast milk, 42%, 44%, 74% and 33% respectively could not answer correctly. Perhaps, health care providers should educate mothers more on these aspects so as create awareness regarding lactation management to working mothers as a health promotion strategu which inadvertently may increase rates of exclusive breastfeeding among workinng mothers.
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a progressive deterioration in kidney function that is also signified by a decrease in Glomerulus Filtration Rate (GFR) <60 mL/min which generally ends in irreversible renal failure 14 . The hemoglobin levels of the patients experiencing CRF tend to decrease and can thus may undergo complications, one of them is anemia. The low hemoglobin levels may cause lassitude, fatigue and decreasing energy, including in the digestive system. This study purposed to determine the relationship between hemoglobin levels and the occurrence of intradialytic nausea and vomiting in Panembahan Senopati General Hospital Bantul. This is a quantitative research using observational analytic design and cross sectional design. This study refers to the whole accessible population (total sampling) on the entire shift as many as 142 respondents, with regard to sampling criteria. Most of the low hemoglobin levels found in male gender is of 96.6% and most of the low hemoglobin levels in female gender is 84.9%. Most of them experience intradialytic nausea and vomiting, which is of 79.6% It can be concluded that there is a relationship between hemoglobin levels and the occurrence of intradialytic nausea and vomiting in Panembahan Senopati General Hospital Bantul with p-value of 0.011 for the male gender. There is a relationship between hemoglobin levels and the occurrence of intradialytic nausea and vomiting in Panembahan Senopati General Hospital Bantul with p-value of 0.015 for the female gender.
This research is consistent with the theory that states in the last trimester of pregnancy increased need for iron increases with respect to their loss of the normal basal gastrointestinal tract, skin, urinary tract, the needs of the placenta, umbilical cord and fetal growth. The last trimester of pregnancy is also a period when most fetal growth takes place and also to accumulation of fatty deposits, iron and calcium for postnatal needs. If there is not enough iron to meet the needs of the mother, fetus and placenta, maternal iron stores will be used and the mass of red blood cells drop resulting mother IUGR because it can cause decreased oxygen to the fetus 14 .
Another critical problem is shortage of medicine. BPJS and their pharmacy partners should find any solution to manage the shortage. BPJS Health should give a warning to provider who do not report the medicine demand to prevent the incidence of drugs being unavailable. BPJS also had to evaluate their pharmacy partners in addition to fulfill the medicine demand. There are still patients refer participants turning back outpatients because the drugs patients receive from different pharmacies are not the same as the medications doctors give at the hospital. There is a need for rules enforcement for prescribing; trade names should be used, and patients should receive education about their prescriptions.
The informant conveyed that by remembering God, his life felt better. All informants stated that the body condition is getting healthier and always eager to continue ARV therapy. Most informants had a good CD4 value on their last examination. Study was conducted to investigate the relationship between spiritual well being (SWB) with depressive symptoms and CD4 count and its percentage in the positive American women of HIV / AIDS. The results obtained that the higher the SWB, the lower the depression experienced by respondents. Other results show that the higher the SWB the higher the CD4 value in HIV / AIDS patients and then it will make the respondent's immune status will be better. 11
One of the aims of the research was to assess the gender variable as a possible determinant of the results concerning about personality, anxiety and emotional responses of futures teachers (Table 1). An analysis was carried out to assess if there were any differences in the values obtained by gender. Neither on the personality scale (EPQ-R) nor on the scale that assessed anxiety (STAI) there were found significant differences. However in the emotional scale factors (TMMS-24) for clarity (p=,49) and repair (p=,48) we can perceive that the gender variable determines the answers, with higher values in the case of boys than girls.
1. reflects and evolves from the economic conditions and sociocultural and political characteristics of the country and its communities and is based on the application of the relevant results of social, biomedical andhealth services research and public health experience;
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)is a disease that is transmitted by sexual contact. Some STIs can also be spread through non-sexual means such as via blood or blood products.Many STIsincluding chlamydia, gonorrhoea, primarily hepatitis B, HIV, and syphiliscan also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth. More than 1 million STIs are acquired every day 1 .
 Tarigan N, Nasution Z, Nasution E., 2014. Pengaruh Pemberian Cookies Formulasi Torbangun Pada Ibu Menyusui Terhadap Berat Badan Bayi, Frekuensi, dan Waktu Bayi Menyusui di Desa Sekip Kecamatan Lubuk Pakam, Laporan Penelitian Riset Pembinaan Tenaga Kesehatan. Kemenkes RI “(The Influence of Cookies Providing Torbangun Formulation In Breastfeeding Moms Against Baby Weight, Frequency, and Baby Breastfeeding Time in Sekip Village, Lubuk Pakam Sub District, Research Report on Development of Health Manpower. Ministry of Health RI)”.
The discomfort of menstruation is based on the explanation given by Clitheroe and Pickles because the endometrium in the secretory phase produces Prostaglandin F2 which causes contraction of the smooth muscles. If excessive amounts of prostaglandins are released into the bloodstream, other than dysmenorrhea, common effects, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting flushing, are present. Cramping pain starts 24 hours before menstruation and may last for 24-36 hours, although severe pain lasts only during the first 24 hours. Cramps are felt in the lower abdomen, but can spread to the back or to the inner surface of the thigh. In severe cases, cramping pain may be accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea [24-26]
There are various factors that increase the incidence of cervical cancer, such as sexual activity at a young age, multiple sexual partners, dealing with high-risk men, history of infection in the genital or pelvic inflammatory disease, and women gave birth to many children (multi parity).
This is observational analytic with cross-sectional design. The population in this study were all maternal mothers at West Nusa Tenggara Provincial Hospital in January - December 2012 with 1,027 births, and the sample used were 576 samples; consisting of 288 case samples and 288 control samples, using systematic random sampling technique . The case samples are maternal mother with premature membranes rupture while the control samples are those who did not have ruptured membranes. The result is then measured by using chi-square test [3, 6].
Review mengenai masalah dan tantangan realisasi MDG’s diharapkan akan memberikan peta gambaran yang bisa dimanfaatkan oleh para pembuat kebijakan sebagai referensi untuk mengembangkan strategi praktis untuk mencapai tujuan MDGs dalam waktu yang sangat terbatas. Pada saat yang sama kajian mengenai SDGs diharapkan memberi gambaran umum mengenai berbagai langkah strategis untuk menyiapkan realisasi konsep SDG’s di Indonesia. Pembahasan dan kajian mengenai MDG’s dan SDG’s ini akan dilakukan dalam bentuk InternationalConferenceOnHealth (ICH).
Type Y zeolite is prepared using a minimum excess of reactants by a method wherein required sodium hydroxide, silica, alumina and water reactants are combined in multi-stage procedure to obtain a uniform fluid reaction slurry. The procedure permits the efficient commercial production of high quality type Y zeolite and minimizes the formation of excess silicate containing by-product effluent . Sand can be used as a source of silica in the production of zeolite Y by activating the sand with from 50 to 2000 ppm alumina .
The street vendors work around Diponegoro University Campus Semarang. They trade their food along Prof Soedarto street. The trees grow tall along that street. The ambient temperature was 30 degrees Celsius WBGT. This condition was higher than TEL/ NAB for work with the workload being for 8 hours. Characteristics of respondents mostly male sex. Body Mass Index of 60% of normal. All street vendors have been working in the environment longer than 2 weeks. Almost half of the street vendors work with the cooking process. They use the stove to cook the meal.
Resulted the effect of body weight to tibio femoral angle (right and left knee joint), considerable significance, and the regression coefficient is negative. This means that the increase in weight will lower tibio femoral angle. To our knowledge, there has been no normal range tibio femoral angle on the Indonesian people. Normal size tibio femoral angle in Japanese people according to Toda at 175º-180º. Tibio femoral angle <175º cause tibio femoral varus and angle> 180º cause valgus . Research obtain mean tibiofemoral angle of left knee is 173.80 ± 2.44, which means outside the normal range according to Toda, but not necessarily the value of the tibiofemoral angle indicates OA. However, tibiofemoral angle has a significant positive correlation to the knee pain, as described by Tulaar .
Abstract: Air conditioners are becoming more common and are a major strain on energy demands in tropical climate where air conditioning is used all year round. This work studied of using solar electricity produced by photovoltaic (PV) system to power air conditioners in Surabaya, Indonesia. Measurement tests were conducted on different photovoltaic systems. A grid connect system provides a better solution with the 800 W PV system providing 80 % of the 3.5 kWh load of the air conditioner, while the other 20 % coming from the grid during periods of low irradiation. With the grid-connected system, the PV panel's production does not need to match the consumption of the air conditioner, although a smaller PV array will mean a smaller percentage of the load will be covered by PV.