THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION AND THEIR ABILITY IN LEARNING ENGLISH AT THE X GRADE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL SMA NEGERI 2 MOJOKERTO

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THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION AND THEIR ABILITY IN LEARNING ENGLISH AT THE X GRADE OF THE INTERNATIONAL

SCHOOL SMA NEGERI 2 MOJOKERTO

THESIS

BY:

ISMAYA ANDINI LESTARI 08360237

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Bismillahirahmanirrohim,

Alhamdulillah, the writer would like to express her deepest gratitude by saying thank you to Allah SWT for the blessing and merci that given to her, so that she could compose and finish this thesis.

This thesis would not have come to its final form without generous help, support, advice, and prayers of the following people to whom the writer is greatly indebted. First of all, she would like to express her deepest gratitude to her first advisor Dr. Masduki, M.Pd, and her second advisor Drs. Adiloka, M.Pd. For their suggestions, guidance, comments, patience, during the consultation period until the completion of this thesis.

The writer also would like to thank you to the English teacher of X6, Mrs. Atik Herawati, S.S who allowed her to do the observation in her speaking class, and also the staff of SMA Negeri 2 Mojokerto who helped her for the administration, and so on.

Finally, the writer would like to express her special thanks to her beloved parents mom and dad, her family in Mojokerto, her friends at the boarding house “koztgaul”, and other friends that cannot be mentioned one by one. Thank you for the encouragement, love, care, and prayer so that the writer could finish this thesis.

Hopefully, Allah SWT always blesses them all. Amen.

Malang, October 5th, 2012 The Writer,

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

APPROVAL ... i

LEGALIZATION ... ii

MOTTO AND DEDICATION... iii

ABSTRACT ... iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... v

TABLE OF CONTENTS ... vi

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION……….. 1

1.1 Background of the study ... 1

1.2 Statement of Problem ... 4

1.3 Purpose of the Study ... 4

1.4 Significance of the Study ... 4

1.5 Scope and Limitation ... 5

1.6 Definition of the Key Terms ... 5

CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE ... 7

2.1 Motivation ... 7

2.1.1 Theories of Motivation ... 8

a. Incentives Theory ... 8

b. Hedonistic View ... 8

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a. Intrinsic Motivation ... 9

b. Extrinsic Motivation ... 9

2.3 Learning English ... 10

2.4 Types of Learning ... 12

1. Visual Learning ... 12

2. Auditory Learning ... 12

3. Kinesthetic Learning ... 13

2.5 Factors Affecting Learning ... 13

1. Motivation ... 13

2. Maturation ... 13

3. Physical and Mental Development ... 13

4. Home Condition and School Environment affect learning ... 13

5. Academic Ability of the Teacher Affects learning ... 13

6. Meaningfulness of subject-matter makes learning easier ... 13

7. Teaching Methods ... 13

CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ... 14

3.1 Research Design... 14

3.2 Population and Sample ... 15

3.3 Research Instrument... 16

3.3.1 Observation ... 16

3.3.2 Questionnaire ... 17

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3.5 Data Analysis ... 19

CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDING AND DISCUSSION ... 21

4.1 Research Finding ... 21

4.2 Discussion ... 23

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ... 25

5.1 Conclusion ... 25

5.2 Suggestion ... 25

5.2.1 Suggestion for the Students ... 26

5.2.2 Suggestion for the Teacher ... 26 APPENDIX

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REFERENCES

Ary, Donald et. Al. 2010. Introduction to Research in Education 8th Edition.United States: Wadsworth

Brown, Douglas. 2000. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching 4th Edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

Harmer, J. 1984.The Practice of English Language Teaching. London: Longman.

Feldman, Robert S. 2008. Essentials of Understanding Psychology 7th Edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

Omrod, J.E. 2003.Educational Psychology: Developing Learners. 3rd Edition.New Jersey: Pearson Education

Parrott, Marfin. 2002. Tasks for Language Teachers. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press

Santrock, John W. 2008. Educational Psychology 3rd Edition.New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

Sumintono, Bambang&Mislan, Nora. 2007. Struggling to Improve: A case Study of the

Indonesia’s International Standard School in Improving its Capacity Building. (Online), (http://eprints.utm.my/../1/SBI_struggling_to_improve Bambang Nora.pdf)

http://home.epix.net/~tcannon1/Physioweek10.htm 2/11/2012 Staff, EduGuide. 2012. Types of Learning Styles. (Online),

(http://www.eduguide.org/library/viewarticle/2094/). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_learning 2/12/2012 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auditory_learning 2/12/2012 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinesthetic_learning 2/12/2012

Senthil,Kumar. 2012. What are the Factors that Affect Learning?.(Online),

(http://www.publishyourarticles.net/knowledge-hub/education/what-are-the-factors-that- affect-learning.html)

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1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

Chapter I present the topic, such as background of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitation, and definition of key terms.

1.1 Background of the Study

Nowadays, the number of the students in Indonesia has been increasing year to year. The number of high school students who apply for the International Standardized School has been increasing as well. In Indonesian, we call it as SBI. It is the shortened of Sekolah Berstandar Internasional. One of the requirements to enter the International Standardized School is to have a good ability in understanding spoken and written English because they get the lessons in two languages namely English and Indonesian.

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The students who study in the International school should learn English intensely because the materials which are given to them are from Cambridge and also from the local curriculum. Also, they are allowed to join the examination which is held by Cambridge University. If the students are not able to master English, it means they are not qualified to study in International Standardized School.

Furthermore, SMA Negeri 2 is one of the best International Standardized Schools in East Java and Indonesia. So, they want to go to the International Standardized School, they should have motivation to learn all English skills more deep again. The English skills are speaking, writing, listening, reading, pronunciation, vocabulary and also grammar.

The students should be active learners. Studying English is not about understanding spoken and written English, but they should have motivation to increase their ability in learning because learning English is needed for them in order to make them to be fluent and have more knowledge about the English language.

As for motivation, it is the crucial element in learning process. Every student needs it to motor himself and to achieve the goal of learning. Motivation influences the learning process, quality of thinking and information processing as well as an individual’s

motivation to learn. According to Mc. Donald (in Sardiman 2004: 73), “Motivation is a motor to move person’s energy that is signed by feeling appearance. It can start with conception of purpose”.

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interested in learning process. When the students have motivation and interest, the goal of learning process will be enriched easily.

There have been some researchers of motivation in learning speaking. One was Dian Ika Rusita (2007) who has researched “Students’ Motivation in Learning Speaking at Akademi Keperawatan Blambangan Banyuwangi”. Her findings showed that students who had good motivation would be easier to develop their communication skill to exchange information and knowledge.

Another researcher was Neny Dwiana (2007) who has researched “Students’

Motivation in Learning English of Second Year Student of MTS Al Amanah Besuki, Situbondo. The result showed that the intrinsic students’ motivation was more influential than extrinsic motivation. The factors of intrinsic motivation are need, intention, and self improvement. From those factors, the researcher found that self improvement was the highest one. It means that, the students learned English because they want to increase their knowledge after knowing their improvement in understanding the subject. The difference of those researches and this research is that, those researches are only talking about the students’ motivation in learning English, as for this research, the writer tries to find the correlation between students’ motivation and their speaking ability.

For this research, the writer has chosen the research under the title “The

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The presence of native speakers there, give the influence for the students to motivate themselves in order to increase ability in learning English. Both native speakers and English teachers who teach at the X grade always have programs which can make the students’ are motivated to use English when they are at school.

Motivation has correlation with achievement and success. Brown has stated “It is

easy to assume that success in any task is due simply to the fact that someone is motivated” (2000:160). That is why, it is important to identify students’ motivation.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

How is the correlation between the students’ motivation and Their Ability in Learning English at the X grade of International School SMA Negeri 2 Mojokerto.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

It is focused to answer how the correlation between the students’ motivation and

their speaking ability at the X grade of the International School SMA Negeri 2 Mojokerto.

1.4 Significance of the Study

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Negeri 2 Mojokerto. It also shows their motivation and how to increase their ability in learning English while studying in the class.

As the teachers to be, it is also useful for the teaching insight. It gives the real description about the students’ motivation and their ability in learning English. It also shows their motivation and their way to be more active to learn English.

For the English teachers of International School in SMA Negeri 2 Mojokerto, they can know more about their students’ motivation and how they can be motivated to learn English intensely. Therefore, they can use the effective teaching strategies and recover their weaknesses in teaching English.

1.5 Scope and Limitation

The scope of this research is the correlation between the students’ motivation and their ability in learning English. It is limited to investigate the students’ motivation and their ability in learning English at the X grade students’ of International School SMA Negeri 2 Mojokerto.

1.6 Definition of the Key Terms

1. Learning is the way that human beings acquire new skills, knowledge, attitudes and values. Gradler (2001)

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communication language in the classroom and information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning. While Kustulasari (2009) states that, “The term only applied on adopting curriculum (such as International Baccalaureate), examination (Cambridge) and national school overseas. The number of the students in SBI class is smaller than regular class. In SBI class only consist around 25-30 students. Then, in the SBI classroom they provide TV and computer to support the teaching and learning activities”.

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