Maranatha Christian University
Bahasa Inggris adalah salah satu bahasa internasional yang memiliki peran penting di dunia, termasuk di Indonesia saat ini. Oleh karena itu, sedari taman kanak-kanak, anak-anak sudah mulai belajar Bahasa Inggris. Ketika saya magang di TKK BPK Penabur, saya menemukan masalah dalam mengajar vocabulary Bahasa Inggris. Hal ini sangat mengganggu dalam proses mengajar.
Ada beberapa penyebab yang timbul dari permasalahan yang saya hadapi di TKK BPK Penabur. Penyebab yang pertama adalah kurangnya
pengalaman saya dalam mengajar. Kedua, saya tidak menggunakan metode yang efektif dalam mengajar vocabulary, dan yang ketiga saya sulit
menemukan materi yang tepat untuk mengajar.
Selain dari penyebab, masalah ini memiliki dua dampak yaitu, pertama kelas menjadi ribut, kedua anak-anak menjadi kehilangan minat dalam pelajaran. Saya juga menganalisis beberapa pilihan solusi yang sesuai untuk mengatasi permasalahan saya. Solusi pertama saya akan menyiapkan diri sebelum mengajar, kedua saya akan mencari materi yang tepat untuk anak-anak. Dan ketiga saya akan menggunakan alat bantu visual dan permainan untuk
mengajar vocabulary. Solusi-solusi tersebut juga memiliki dampak positif dan negatif.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT ………...… i
DECLARATION OF ORIGINALITY ……….. ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ………. iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS ………...…. iv
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION ………. 1
A. Background of the Study B. Identification of the Problem C. Objectives and Benefits of the Study D. Description of the Institution E. Method of the Study F. Limitation of the Study G. Organization of the Term Paper CHAPTER II. PROBLEM ANALYSIS ………. 6
CHAPTER III. POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS ………...… 9
CHAPTER IV. CONCLUSION ……….. 15
A. Background of Study
English as a foreign language is very important today. Since kindergarten,
children have already learned English. Nowadays, some English courses
have classes for kindergarten learners. It is because many people start to
realize the importance of learning English at early age. According to Kareem,
childhood is a potential time to learn. Good education must be given to the
children for their future. In addition, providing English education at early age
can make children learn foreign language skills in more fun and easy way
(par. 8). However, teaching English to the young learner is not an easy job for
me. According to Sutrisno, “Teaching English to young learners is not that
easy, though interesting. Teaching English to young learners needs good
teaching skills, creativity, thorough preparation, and patience.” (par. 6).
Some children may face difficulty in learning vocabulary. Therefore by
teaching English started with simple vocabulary, I want to help the children
Maranatha Christian University learning vocabulary is really important. This term paper will discuss about my
difficulty in teaching English vocabulary to 11 children, 8 boys and 3 girls,
aged 3-4 years old in pre-kindergarten class at BPK Penabur.
The first time I taught English vocabulary there, my first task is to be a
teacher assistant. I must help the teacher to deliver the lessons. Initially I was
just assigned to distribute books and help children who have difficulty in
learning. After two until three sessions, I was assigned to teach English
lessons alone unaccompanied by the English teacher.I was nervous and
afraid to make mistakes during the teaching. Then I also found that some
children could not answer my question during the lesson. It happen because
they did not understand the lesson.
In this term paper, I am interested in analyzing this problem because I
want to improve my teaching skill especially in teaching vocabulary to
children, so that they can understand the material well. Besides, based on my
internship experiences, I think teaching vocabulary is quite challenging.
Therefore, I am going to analyze this problem to find the best solutions.
B. Identification of the Problem
The analysis of this problem is formulated in the following research
1. Why did I have difficulties in teaching vocabulary for kindergarten?
2. How did this problem influence the teaching and learning
3. How could I overcome my difficulties in teaching vocabulary for
C. Objectives and Benefits of the Study
The objective of the study are to find the causes of the problem of my
difficulties in teaching vocabulary in English to pupils of BPK Penabur,
to find out how this problem influences the teaching and learning
vocabulary process, and to find the best solutions to overcome my
difficulties in teaching vocabulary to children.
The benefit of the study for me as the writer is I can use the best
potential solutions for my career in the future. Moreover, the readers and
the institution will also get some information and explanation concerning
how to overcome the problem in teaching English vocabulary.
D. Description of Institution
I did an interview with Ms. Leticia as an English teacher at TKK BPK
Penabur Pasirkaliki 164 Bandung to find the information about BPK
Penabur school institutions at Pasirkaliki 164 Bandung. TKK BPK Penabur
Pasirkaliki 164 was established on July 9, 2012. It is a widening class of
TKK BPK Penabur 246 Bandung. In the first year, TKK BPK Penabur
Bandung 164 has had 40 students consisting of 13 Toddler students, 17
pre-kindergarten students, and 10 K1 students. TKK BPK Penabur
Pasirkaliki 164 Bandung is led by Mrs. Indriane Atmadja who is also the
Maranatha Christian University working at TKK BPK Penabur Pasirkaliki 164 Bandung is 10 teachers,
consisting of: 3 classroom teachers, 1 religion teacher, 1 mandarin
teacher, 1 music and sport teacher, 1 admin teachers, and extracurricular
teachers. The education system in TKK BPK Penabur Pasirkaliki uses the
national curriculum, and the lessons are delivered in Indonesian and
English. The English is used to say greetings, give simple commands,
prayers, and sing songs. This institution has a vision, mission and also
motto. The vision of TKK BPK Penabur is to be a Christian educational
institution which excels in faith, knowledge and service. Their mission is to
develop the learners, potentials optimally through qualified education and
teaching based on Christian values. Moreover, TKK BPK Penabur also
has a motto which is faith, knowledge, and service.
E. Method of the study
The data for this study is based on my teaching experiences in BPK
Penabur during my internship from 07 January 2013 until 07 February
2013, and the interview with Ms Leticia, the English teacher of the school.
The data for library research are taken from electronic sources and printed
source. The data that I found is used to analyze the causes, the effects
and the potential solutions.
F. Limitation of the Study
G. Organization of The Term Paper
This term paper is divided into several chapters. The first part of this
term paper is Abstract, the overall summary of the final paper written in
Indonesian. Second is the Declaration of Originality, and then the next
parts are Acknowledgements and Table of Contents. Chapter One is the
Introduction, containing Background of the Study, Identification of the
Problem, Objectives and Benefits of the Study, Description of Institution,
Method of the Study, Limitation of the Study, and then Organization of The
Chapter Two is about Problem Analysis, in this chapter I will explain
the causes and the effects of my problem. Chapter Three is about
Potential Solutions to overcome my problem. In Chapter Four I will explain
about the conclusion of the analysis. The last part is the Bibliography and
Appendices which contain the flowchart and the transcription of the
interview with Ms. Leticia.
Maranatha Christian University
Before presenting the best solution for the problem, I would like to present the
summary of the previous chapters. The problem that I discuss is in teaching
English vocabulary to 11 children consists of: 8 boys and 3 girls aged 3-4 years old
in pre-kindergarten class at BPK Penabur. There are 3 causes of the problem, first
cause is I lacked of teaching experiences. The second cause isI did not use an
effective method in teaching vocabulary to the children. The third cause is I felt
difficult to find appropriate materials for those children. There are also 2 effects of
the problem. First, The class became noisy. Second, The children lost their
interest. Besides the causes and effect of the problem, there are three potential
solutions to solve my problem. The potential solutions to the problem are I will
prepare myself before teaching the lesson, I will find appropriate material for
children, I will using visual aids and games to teach vocabulary.
My chosen solution is combining all of the potential solutions. The reason why I
choose all of the potential solutions is because they support each other.
First I will prepare myself before teaching the lesson, so that I can give a better
instruction to the students. Then,I will find appropriate material for children.
The last one is I will using visual aids and games to teach vocabulary, I will use
Maranatha Christian University solutions will support the other potential solutions, as a result, teaching English
vocabulary will be easier, more effective and more fun for both the teacher and the
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Paul, David. Teaching English to children in Asia. Hongkong, 2003.
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