PLAGIAT MERUPAKAN TINDAKAN TIDAK TERPUJI

63 

Teks penuh

(1)

S

G

N

I

L

P

I

K

D

R

A

Y

D

U

R

N

I

Y

T

I

T

N

E

D

I

D

I

R

B

Y

H

S

M

I

K

K

I

M

S I S E H T E T A U D A R G R E D N U N A

s t n e m e ri u q e R e h t f o t n e m ll if l u F l a it r a P s a d e t n e s e r P

f o e e r g e D e h t r o

f SarjanaSastra s r e tt e L h s il g n E n i

: y B

A Y A T A N I T S E R P A C I T S A L O C S

3 2 0 4 1 2 4 7 0 : r e b m u N t n e d u t S

S S R E T T E L H S I L G N

E TUDYPROGRAMME

S R E T T E L H S I L G N E F O T N E M T R A P E D

S R E T T E L F O Y T L U C A F

Y T I S R E V I N U A M R A H D A T A N A S

A T R A K A Y G O Y

(2)

i

Y

T

I

T

N

E

D

I

D

I

R

B

Y

H

S

M

I

K

I

N

R

U

D

Y

A

R

D

K

I

P

L

I

N

G

S

K

I

M

S I S E H T E T A U D A R G R E D N U N A

s t n e m e ri u q e R e h t f o t n e m ll if l u F l a it r a P s a d e t n e s e r P

f o e e r g e D e h t r o

f SarjanaSastra s r e tt e L h s il g n E n i

: y B

A Y A T A N I T S E R P A C I T S A L O C S

3 2 0 4 1 2 4 7 0 : r e b m u N t n e d u t S

E M M A R G O R P Y D U T S S R E T T E L H S I L G N E

S R E T T E L H S I L G N E F O T N E M T R A P E D

S R E T T E L F O Y T L U C A F

Y T I S R E V I N U A M R A H D A T A N A S

A T R A K A Y G O Y

(3)
(4)
(5)

v i

L B U P N A U J U T E S R E P N A A T A Y N R E P R A B M E

L IKAS IKARYAI LMIAH

S I M E D A K A N A G N I T N E P E K K U T N U

a d n a tr e b g n a

Y tangand ibawahin,is ayamahasiswaUniverstiasSanataDharma

a m a

N :ScolasitcaPresitNataya r

o m o

N Mahasiswa :074214023

i m e

D pengembangan li mu pengetahuan ,saya membeirkan kepada Perpustakaa n s

a ti s r e v i n

U SanataDharmakarya limiahsayayangbejrudul

M I K S G N I L P I K D R A Y D U R N I N E E S S A Y T I T N E D I D I R B Y H S M I K

Bese traperangka tyangdipelrukan( bliaada) .Dengandemikiansayamembeirkan a

d a p e

k Perpustakaan Universtias Sanata Dharma hak untuk menyimpan , n

a k h il a g n e

m dalam bentuk media lain ,mengelolanya dalam bentuk pangkalan n

a k i s u b ir t s i d n e m , a t a

d secaraterbatas ,dan mempubilkasikannya di i nterne tatau k

u t n u n i a l a i d e

m kepenitngan akademis tanpa pelru meminta ni zi d a irsaya atau n

a k ir e b m e m n u

p royatli kepada saya selama tetap mencantumkan nama saya i

a g a b e

s penuil .s n a i k i m e

D pernyataan ii n sayab uatdengansebenarnya. a

tr a k a y g o Y i d t a u b i D

a d a

P tangga l13Agustu s2014 ,

n a k a t a y n e m g n a Y

a c it s a l o c

(6)

v

Y

T

I

L

A

N

I

G

I

R

O

F

O

T

N

E

M

E

T

A

T

S

n e e b s a h h c i h w l a ir e t a m o n s n i a t n o c s i s e h t e t a u d a r g r e d n u s i h t t a h t y fi tr e c I

y l s u o i v e r

p submittedf ort heawardo fanyothe rdegreea tanyuniverstiy ,andt hat , l a ir e t a m o n s n i a t n o c s i s e h t e t a u d a r g r e d n u s i h t , e g d e l w o n k y m f o t s e b e h t o t

e h t n i e d a m s i e c n e r e f e r e u d e r e h w t p e c x e n o s r e p r e h t o y n a y b n e tt ir w y l s u o i v e r p

e t a u d a r g r e d n u e h t f o t x e

t thesi .s

4 1 0 2 , 9 2 t s u g u A , a tr a k a y g o Y

a c it s a l o c

(7)

i v

o

S

.

tr

ap

t

se

dd

as

e

ht

e

ra

s

gn

id

n

E

.

sg

ni

dn

e

y

pp

ah

o

n

er

a

er

e

h

T

.t

ra

ts

y

pp

ah

y

re

v

a

dn

a

el

dd

im

y

pp

ah

a

e

m

e

vi

g

ts

uj

-

S

h

e

l

S

li

ev

sr

et

ni

e

t’

nd

lu

o

w

,

m

e

ht

h

ti

w

e

vi

l

t’

na

C

.

st

ne

ra

P

x

si

t

iw

ht

uo

t

ht

e

m

.

(8)

ii v

(9)
(10)

x i

p y H , n e r I , o j o M , l a t n e o B , y ti s r e v i n U a m r a h D a t a n a S n i s d n e ir

f -hyp ,Kenan ,

, n o s m a S , y n o S , y d u A , n a m r e H , r o t c i

V M asDoni ,Tjie ,Tian ,Alwi ,Acong ,Adtih , ,

a h k a S , a y s A , o r b m o T , r a m a

D MbakYas ,Ucik ,andWowok .Thankyouf o revery ll

e w e m

it -spent ,youaremychosenf amliy.

(11)

x

S

T

N

E

T

N

O

C

F

O

E

L

B

A

T

E G A P E L T I

T ... i E

G A P L A V O R P P

A ... ii E

G A P E C N A T P E C C

A ... iii H

A I M L I A Y R A K I S A K I L B U P N A A T A Y N R E P R A B M E

L ... iv

Y T I L A N I G I R O F O T N E M E T A T

S ... v .. E

G A P O T T O

M ... vi E

G A P N O I T A C I D E

D ... v ii T

N E M E G D E L W O N K C

A ... iiv i S

T N E T N O C F O E L B A

T ... x T

C A R T S B

A ... ix

K A R T S B

A ............................................................................................................x ii :

I R E T P A H

C INTRODUCTION ... 1 .... .

A Backgroundoft hes tudy... 1 .

B ProblemFormulaiton... 4 .

C Objecitve soft heStudy ... 4 .

D Deifniitono fTerms ... 5 CHAPTERI I :THEORETICALREVIEW ... 6

.

A Reviewo fRelatedStudies... 6 .. .

B Reviewo fRelatedTheoires ... 8 .

C Theoreitca lFramework ... 51 Y

G O L O D O H T E M : I I I R E T P A H

C ... 61 .

A Objec toft heStudy ... 61 .

B Approachoft heStudy ... 91 .

C Methodoft heStudy ... 02 S

I S Y L A N A : V I R E T P A H

C ... 12 .

A TheDepicitono fKim... 12 .

B Hyb irdI denttiyi nKim ... 53 N

O I S U L C N O C : V R E T P A H

C ... 64 Y

H P A R G O I L B I

(12)
(13)

ii x

K

A

R

T

S

B

A

. A Y A T A N I T S E R P A C I T S A L O C

S Kim’ sHybrid Identtiy i n Rudyard Kipilng’ s m

i

K . Yogyaka tra : Jurusan Sasrta Ingg irs , Fakutlas Sasrta , Universtias Sanata .

4 1 0 2 , a m r a h D

e m s il a ir e p m

I adalah itndakan menguasai nd a mengeksplo tiasi wliayah yang a

d a r e

b d liuarbatasNegara mereka sendi irdengan berbagaimacam ala san nd a latar m

s il a ir e p m I . g n a k a l e

b e Ingg irs menyebar ek banyak Negara di seluruh dunia dan h

a l a y n a h a i d n

I salah s atu d a ir negara-negara tersebut .India mempunyai posisi g

n it n e

p dalam impe irailsm Ingg irs karena berada di lokasi srtateg is jalur .

n a g n a g a d r e p

i s p ir k

S ii n membahas tentang e fek d a ir impeirailsm Inggirs dalam nove l t

a h il i d g n il p i K d r a y d u R n a g n a r a k m i K l u d u jr e

b d a ir sudutpandangKim .Subjekd a ir n

a it il e n e

p ii n adalah Kim,t okoh utama dalam novel ,yanghidup d iIndia pada m asa m

s il a ir e p m

i Ingg irs .Oleh karena ,tiusk irpsi ii n mengapilkasikan teo ir karakte ,r t eo ir ,

i s a s ir e t k a r a

k teo ir poskoloniailsme nd a teo ir identtias hib ird. Sementara pendekatan n

a k a n u g i d g n a

y adalahpendekatanposkoloniailsme. s

il u n e

P merumuskan ad u pe tranyaan aga rnanitnya b ias mendapat kesimpulan. Pe tranyaan pe trama membahas tentang pe jralanan hidup nd a karakte irsasi tokoh

a m a t

u dalam novel ,yatiu Kim .Petranyaan kedua membahas tentang identtias hib ird i

m a l a i d g n a

y tokohutama nd a bagaimana uti tercermindalamdi irnya. s

il u n e

P menggunakan metode studi pustaka untuk melengkap i data . Data t

u b e s r e

t terdi ir dar idata p irme rdan data sekunde .r Data p irme radalah nove lKim r

e d n u k e s a t a d a r a t n e m e s , g n il p i K d r a y d u R n a g n a r a

k adalah data pelengkap yang

li b m a i

d d a ir kamus ,esai ,aritke,l i nternet ,dan beberapa buku lainnya .Ada beberapa g

n a y h a k g n a

l diambli untuk menganailsa novel .Yang pe trama adalah membaca a

r a c e

s seksama nd a mengidenit ifkasimasalahdalamnove lKim. Langkahyangkedua h

a l a d

a menca ir referens iyang berhubungan dengan topic impe irailsme ,Rudyard ir

o e t , g n il p i

K sasrta tentang karakter nd a karakte irsasi , n da juga teo ir poskolonial . g

it e k g n a

Y a adalah mengapilkasikan semua teo ir tersebut untuk mendapatkan n

a b a w a

j ird a rumusanmasalah .Langkahyangt erakhriadalahmena irkkesimpulan. li

s a

H d a ir studi menunjukkan bahwa Kim ,yang adalah seorang anak l - iaki l ak n

a n u r u t e

k kulti puith yang dibesarkan dengan a -dat a dat loka lIndia membuatnya i

k il i m e

m identtiashib ird .Setelahorangtuanyameninggal ad i diititpkan padaseorang l

a u j n e m g n a y a ti n a

w furntiurebeka sd ipasar. Kimsadarbahwa ad i adalahanakkulti h

it u

p keturunanI lrandia ,namun ad i sangatmencintaiI ndiadan em mbuatnyatakbisa s

a p e

l da irnya .Kim itdak sb ia memiilhmanayangmerupakanidenttiassejaitnya ,oleh a

n e r a

(14)

1

I

R

E

T

P

A

H

C

N

O

I

T

C

U

D

O

R

T

N

I

.

A Backgroundoft heStudy

l e v o n e h

T KimbyRudyardKip ilngi shugelydebatedbymanyciritc sdue

s ti o

t topic on i mpeirailsm .Some ciritc sdeplored ht e way Rudyard Kipilng

d e t n e s e r

p the story in such a way which made impe irailsm looks innocent ,

e li h

w some other s agreed tha t impe irailsm actually gave benefti s to the

. y rt n u o

c

k o o b s i h n i , d i a S d r a w d

E CutlureandI mperiailsm ,desc irbedimpe irailsm n a ti l o p o rt e m g n it a n i m o d a f o s e d u ti tt a e h t d n a , y r o e h t e h t , e c it c a r p e h t “ s a

g n il u r r e t n e

c a distan tterrtiory” .I th as dfiferen tmeaning from coloniailsm

d e b ir c s e d e h h c i h

w a s“thei mplanitng o fsetltement son distantt errtiory” and

s

i almos t alway s a resul t from impeirailsm (1994:9) . Fu trhermore , Ania

k o o b r e h n i a b m o o

L Coloniailsm/Postcoloniailsmstated tha t“impeirailsm can s

il a ir e p m i . S . U n i s a ( s e i n o l o c l a m r o f t u o h ti w n o it c n u

f m today ) bu t

.t o n n a c m s il a i n o l o

c ” (2000:7)

m s il a ir e p m i h s it ir

B ha sspread to manyarea sal laround t hewo lrd, f rom

. t s a E e l d d i M e h t o t , a c ir f A , a i s A h t u o

S Theneedo fhumanr esource sa s rtade

s t n a p i c it r a

p andl abor smaket heB iritsh se teye son t hesecountirest o become

e n o d e r e v o c y d a e rl a d a h h s it ir B e h t , 0 0 9 1 n I ‘ . n o i s n a p x e r i e h

t - iftfh o fthe

i m 0 0 4 h ti w d lr o

(15)

e l b a n e s n o i s n a p x e e h

t d theB iritsh t oestabilsh a rtadesystem ,mlitiary power ,

.s n r e tt a p y r o t a r g i m d n a , s n o it a c i n u m m o c

d e y a l p a i d n

I impo trantr olefort heB iritsh . tIbecame et h crowningj ewe l

E h s it ir B e h t f

o mp riebecause tisecured ht eB iritsh rtadei nI ndianOceanafte r

s e i d n I t s a E e h

t w oasw n-ove rby t he Dutch (Johnson ,2003:23). Fo rdecades,

y e h

t had cooperated wtih India to estab ilsh rtading post i n t he coast swtihou t

.t n e m e v l o v n i l a t n e m n r e v o g r o y r a ti li

m The B iritsh rules there reiled fully on

e h

t wliilngparitcipant sofI ndians ,whethera salile so ra srtader .s

t u o b a d r a e h e l p o e p n e h

W B iritshi mpeirailsminI ndia(ca .1600 – 1947) ,

t u o b a k n i h t y ll a c it a m o t u a y e h

t how Brtiain ruled ove rIndia in orde rto gain

y rt n u o c n w o r i e h t r o f s e g a t n a v d

a , and for tgo the need so fthe dominated

. y rt n u o

c Thesrtategy t o ruleIndia i sby making somereforms i n t hecounrty

d l u o i w h c i h

w beneif tBrtiain rathert han India(Hutchinson ,2010 :1 .) tIi sno t

d e d e e n a i d n I w o h t u o b

a them ,bu thow t hey neede d India for t hei rown sole

ti f e n e

b .

a i d n I n i m s il a ir e p m i h s it ir

B had caused severa lposiitve and negaitve

r p l a n o it i d a rt e n a m u h n i f o g n i n n a b e h t e r a s t c e f f e e v it i s o p e h T . s t c e f f

e acitce s

e k

il chlid marriage and t he dowry system which force sthe b irde’ sfamliy to

y a

p fo ral lthe marirage necessiites ,the developmen to f rtanspo traiton and

n o it a c u d e , y g o l o n h c e t f o t n e m e v o r p m i e h t , n o it a c i n u m m o

c , and pubilcheatlh .

s a y tr e v o p f o e s a e r c n i e h t e d u l c n i s t c e f f e e v it a g e n e h

T the B iritsh of ifcials ’

s t e s s a s ’ a i d n I m o r f d i a p e r e w s e ir a l a

s , and the crash o f rtadiitona lindustire s

t n e d n e p e d y ll a t o t a i d n I e d a m h c i h

(16)
(17)
(18)

.

C Objecitve soft heStudy

There are tw o objecitve sin thi sstudy to make the study developmen t

d e z i n a g r o l l e

w .Thef risti st o ifndoutt hedepicitono fKimi nt hestory andt he

s i d n o c e

s to ifnd ou tKim’ shyb ird i denttiy duet o t hemixtureoft wocutlures ,

. h s it ir B d n a a i d n I

.

D Deifniitono fTerms

r e tt e b a n i a g o t r e d r o n i d e n if e d e b o t d e e n h c i h w s m r e t l a r e v e s e r a e r e h T

g n it ir w s i h t f o g n i d n a t s r e d n

u . The fris tterm i s“imperiailsm” .The Norton e

r u t a r e ti L h s il g n E f o y g o l o h t n

A de ifnesi mpe irailsma stakingove rand t aking r o f y rt n u o c n w o r i e h t f o s e ir a d n u o b e h t e d i s t u o s e ir o ti r r e t e h t f o s e g a t n a v d a

s e v it o m f o d n i k s u o ir a

v . According to George Lichtheim , in hi s book

m s il a i r e p m

I (1971 :8) ,emprieori mpeirailsmi st heac to fdominaitngacounrty l

o rt n o c s ti r e d n u m e h t e c a l p d n a s e l p o e p r

o .

o t g n i d r o c c A . r e t c a r a h c s i m r e t d n o c e s e h

T M .H .Abram sin hi sbook A 6

s m r e T y r a r e ti L f o y r a s s o l

G thEdiiton ,character saretheperson spresented i n e

r a o h w , k r o w e v it a r r a n r o c it a m a r d

a perceivedbyt her eade ra shavingmoral ,

s g n il e e f d n a , s e d u ti tt

a which are displayed in t ri he conversaiton sand thei r

s n o it c

a (Abrams ,1999 :32- )3 . 4

s i m r e t d ri h t e h

T hyb ird i denttiy .Georg Simme ldescirbes i ta saperson

a n i s i o h

w n indeterminatestate o fwho heis .Thi sperson ha sa new i denttiy

o w t f o n o it a n i b m o c e h t f o t l u s e r e h t s i h c i h

w idenitite ,st hei denttiywhichh sei

i e h t d n a h ti w n r o

b denttiy which develop sa she grow s(Smtih and Leavy ,

(19)

6

I

I

R

E

T

P

A

H

C

W

E

I

V

E

R

L

A

C

I

T

E

R

O

E

H

T

.

A Reviewo fRelatedStudies

s e i d u t s l a r e v e s e r a e r e h

T tha twli lbe discussed here .Thesestudie sare t

n i o p s u o ir a v m o r f l e v o n e h t d n a t s r e d n u o t r e d r o n i d e d e e

n o fview sandlater .l

e v o n e h t f o g n i d n a t s r e d n u e h t e t e l p m o c l li w n o

e h

T f t ristis akenf romt hes tudydonebyAlilsonCrowe .Shes tatedtha:t e h t s r e l u r s a t a h t w e i v d l e h g n il p i K d r a y d u R s a l l e w s a s n o ti r B t s o M

e l p o e p e h t e r e w y e h t tl e f y e h t t u b , y lt c e r r o c g n i h t y r e v e o d t o n d i d h s it ir B

b a p a c , r e w o p , e g d e l w o n k e h t d a h o h

w litiy ,and t herefore responsib litiy d

l u o c t a h t w a s y e h t e s o h t p l e h o

t no thelp o rprotectt hemselves( Crowe , )

2 : 8 0 0 2 .

o c n e g n il p i K , n e z it i c d e t a c i d e d a s

A uragedt hedominaiton o fBrtiain sa e

v e d

a loped counrty to “civiilze” them . Thei r lack o f development s n

i a ti r B n r e d o m e h t o t d e r a p m o

c had madeIndiaseemst obel ef tbehind and o

t d n e t e l p o e

p lookdownont hem. e w o n i a ti r B f o n o it a n i m o d e h

T d tot hef actt hatt heyoncewa sconquered n i t n e v e r o j a m a s a t s e u q n o C n a m r o N e h t d e d r a g e r g n il p i K “ . n a m r o N e h t y b

the history o f rtanslaiton impeir ie tstudii :where once the Engilsh were :r

e u q n o c y e h t w o n , d e r e u q n o

c where once the Engilsh were educated ,now (

” . e t a c u d e y e h

t Wliilams ,2008 :108) .Kip ilngf etl thatt hey,t heB iritsh ,owed y

a p e r t s u m y e h t h c i h w g n i h t e m o

s in someways t o balance t hewo lrd .Thus , y

a w e h t f o e n o s i a i d n I r e v o g n il u

(20)
(21)

l e v o n e h t n i t n e n i m o r p o s l a s i r e d n e g f o e m e h t e h

T , which ha s itckled s

c it ir c e h

t to studyKim in adeepe rground .Somehow, t het hemeo fgenderi s e

h t f o e n o s i ti e s u a c e b m s il a ir e p m i o t d e t a l e r s y a w l

a impact sofi mpe irailsm. s

e h t o t d e t a l e r e r a e v o b a s e i d u t s e s o h

T ame ltierary work bu tthey s

s u c s i

d dfiferenti ssue .sI n t hi sanalysis ,themain i ssuei sthehyb ird i denttiy l

e v o n s ’ g n il p i K d r a y d u R f o r e t c a r a h c n i a m e h t s a m i K f

o Kim .None of t he e

v o b a s e i d u t

s discus shyb irdi denttiy. .

B Reviewo fRelatedTheories

e s u r e ti r w e h t , y d u t s s i h t n

I s severa ltheo ire sto develop the analysi .s e

s o h

T theo ire sare: .

1 Theoryo fCharacter

Characterr eferst o“ar easonablefacsimlieo fahumanbeing ,wtihallt he d

o o

g and bad rtati so fbeing human” (Robetr sand Jacobs ,1989 :56) .A k

r o w y r a r e ti l a n i g n i e b n a m u h a s i r e t c a r a h

c who also ha sspeech ,though t n

a dbehavio r ilket her ea lhumanbeing. .

M o t g n i d r o c c

A H .Abramsi n hi sbook A Glossaryo fLtieraryTerms, r

p n o s r e p a s i r e t c a r a h

c esented in a work and i sinterpreted by the reade r .

n o it c a d n a h c e e p s s i h h g u o r h t

a n i d e t n e s e r p s n o s r e p e h t e r a s r e t c a r a h

C dramaitc o rnarraitve work , o

h

w are interpreted by the reade r a s being endowed wtih moral , ,

l a n o it i s o p s i

d andemoitona lquailitest ha tareexpressedi nwhatt heys ay y

e h t t a h w d n

a do( 1993 :23 .)

k r o w a n i r e t c a r a h c a t a h t n i a l p x e o s l a e v o b a n o it a t o u q e h

T i s usually

. n o it a v it o m d n a , n o it c a , e u g o l a i d s i h h g u o r h t r e d a e r e h t y b d e t e r p r e t n i

n o it a v it o

(22)
(23)

r e h t o n A y b n e e S s a r e t c a r a h C . b

r e h t o f o e v it c e p s r e p e h t g n i s u y b r e t c a r a h c a e b ir c s e d n a c r o h t u a e h T

.) 2 6 1 : 2 7 9 1 ( s r e t c a r a h

c Thereade rwli lassumet hi sast herelfected i mageo f a

r a h c e h

t c te.rOthe rcharacter sgivecommen tort houghtf o ranothe rcharacte r .r

e t c a r a h c e h t f o e r o m d n a t s r e d n u l li w r e d a e r e h t e s e h t h g u o r h t d n a

h c e e p S . c

e h t n i s n o s r e p e h t f o e n o f o r e t c a r a h c e h t o t n i t h g i s n i n a s e v i g r o h t u a e h T

y a s s n o s r e p e h t t a h w h g u o r h t k o o

b s .Wheneve rapersonspeaks ,conver swtih r

e t c a r a h c r e h t o n

a ,staitnganopiniono rat hough,thei sgivingt her eaders ome .)

4 6 1 : 2 7 9 1 ( r e t c a r a h c s i h o t s e u l

c eT h reade rwli lbeable to ifgure out t he r

e t c a r a h

c ’ spoin to fviewo ropinionont hingst hroughhiss peech. e

fi L t s a P . d

r e d a e r e h t g n it t e

L learns omethingabou taperson’ spastl fiecangivet he a

h t s t n e v e o t e u l c a r e d a e

r thavehelpedt os hapeaperson’ scharacter .Thi scan ,r

o h t u a e h t y b t n e m m o c t c e ri d a y b e n o d e

b through the person’ sthoughts , through hi sconversaiton o rthrough the medium o fanothe rperson (1972:

.) 6 6

1 The character’ spas texpeirence wli lgive an addiitona lbackground .

m i h t u o b a

s r e h t O f o n o it a s r e v n o C . e

f o s n o it a s r e v n o c g n i c it o n y b r e t c a r a h c a d n a t s r e d n u n a c s r e d a e r e h T r e h t

o character sand thing sthey say abou thim o rhe r(1972 :167 .) The s i h f o e m o s e e s o t r e d a e r e h t p l e h l li w r e h t o h ti w n o it c a r e t n i s ’ r e t c a r a h c

(24)
(25)
(26)
(27)
(28)

a e b l li w e r e h t t a h t s i t c a g n it a d il a v r e h / s i h f o e m o c t u o e h T . r e h / m i h n i e d i s e r

.t n e r e f fi d y l e t e l p m o c s i h c i h w y ti t n e d i w e

n

y

H b irdtiydoe sno tcomea s irsk-freet hing .Therei salway sasideeffect a s a t i e e s y a m s n e p p a h y ti d ir b y h h c i h w n i y t e i c o s e h T . y ti d ir b y h f o

e r a r s ti o t e u d n o it c i d a rt n o

c occurrence. .

C Theoreitca lFramework

h

T efourtheo ire saboveareusedi n analyzingt het opicoft hestudyand .r

e t p a h c t s ri f e h t n i d e t a l u m r o f s m e l b o r p e h t g n ir e w s n a

m e l b o r p r e w s n a o t d e s u s i n o it a z ir e t c a r a h c d n a r e t c a r a h c f o y r o e h T

f o g n i n a e m e h t d n a t s r e d n u o t n o it a m r o f n i e h t s e d i v o r p t I . e n o r e b m u n

y n a d n a , r e t c a r a h c f o s e p y t e h t ,r e t c a r a h

c otheri ndicaitont o understandt hem c

it s ir e t c a r a h c r i e h t g n i d u l c n

i s .

t s o

P -coloniailsm and hyb ird identtiy theory are used to answe rthe m

s il a ir e p m i h s it ir B f o g n i d n a t s r e d n u e h t s e d i v o r p t I . n o it s e u q d n o c e

s andhow

y ti t n e d i d ir b y h s e s u a c t

(29)

6 1

I

I

I

R

E

T

P

A

H

C

Y

G

O

L

O

D

O

H

T

E

M

.

A Objec toft heStudy

g n il p i K d r a y d u R y b l e v o n a s i y d u t s s i h t f o t c e j b o e h

T enitltedKim .Thework

s a d e h s il b u p t s ri

f a se iral in McClure’ sMaga izne in Decembe r1900 ,then ,in d

e r a e p p a t i 1 0 9 1 r e b o t c

O a sa book form pubilshed by Macmillan & Co .In thi s

,s i s e h t e t a u d a r g r e d n

u the wrtie ruset he Reader’ sDiges tEdiiton pubilshed i n 1990

s b b o C . L n h o J y b d r o w r e tf a n a h ti

w and illusrtaiton sby Gary Aagaard .John L .

s i h r o f n w o n k s i s b b o

C works i n Owen Wister’ sbiography ,some c iritcism se say s

. s e ir a t n e m m o c d n a

l e v o n e h t , s r e d a e r e h t y b t n e m e v e i h c a r a l u p o p s ti o t e u

D wa smade ni to a

e d a m s a w m li f n o i s i v e l e t s m li F n o d n o L d n a 0 5 9 1 n i M G M y b e i v o

m in1984.I tha s

i d e s a e l e r n e e

b nDVDversion.

k o o b s i h n i t e ll a M p il li h

P RudyardKipilng :ALtieraryLfiesaidt hatt hi sbook , s e m a J y r n e H . ) 8 1 1 : 3 0 0 2 ( a i d n I t u o b a y r o t s t n a c if i n g i s t s a l s ’ g n il p i K e b o t s a w

e c i o j e r , g n il p i K y b k o o b t s e t a l e h t d e t a h y l s u o i v e r p o h

w d ta Kim ,and wroteurging

, e n e c s e l b o n g i n a e r a h c i h w , s ri a f f a c il b u p k c u h c “ o t g n il p i

K and sitck to you r

t n i a p r u o y d n a s a v n a

c -box” (2003 :117) .Edward Said ha sargued t hat Kim’ seasy

w o ll a s d e e r c d n a s e t s a c t n e r e f fi d h ti w n o it a c if it n e d

i e d Kipilng t o ‘have and enjoy

v e t a h t y a w a n i a i d n

(30)

s a w g n il p i K d r a y d u

R one of t he mos tpopula rwrtiers i n England i n t he l ate

9

1 th and ea lry 20th century .He was t he fris tEngilshman t o receive Nobe lP irze i n

s a w g n il p i K . t n e i p i c e r t s e g n u o y e h t d e n i a m e r e h y a d s i h t o t d n a ) 7 0 9 1 ( e r u t a r e ti L

u a L t e o P h s it ir B e h t r o f t u o d e d n u o

s reateshipandf o raknighthood ,bu thedecilned

.l l a m e h t

c it ir c y r a r e ti l a , r r e K s a l g u o

D , wrote ,“He i sst li lan autho rwho can i nsprie

t n e m e e r g a s i d e t a n o i s s a

p and hi splace in ltierary and cutlura lhistory i sfa rfrom

p o r u E e h t f o e g a e h t s a t u B . d e lt t e

s ean emprie srecedes ,he i srecognized a san

, t a h T . d e c n e ir e p x e s a w e ri p m e w o h f o r e t e r p r e t n i , l a i s r e v o rt n o c f i , e l b a r a p m o c n i

e c r o f a m i h e k a m , s tf i g e v it a r r a n y r a n i d r o a rt x e s i h f o n o it i n g o c e r g n i s a e r c n i n a d n a

d e n o k c e r e b o

t wtih.( Kerr ,2006) e

t l e v o n e h

T ll sa story abou taboy named Kim duirngB iritsh i mpe irailsm i n

e H . a i d n

I madeaj ourneywtihaTibetanLamahemeti nf ron tof t he museum ,who

w o r r A e h t f o r e v i R e h t r o f g n i k o o l s a

w .Thi sRive rof t he Arrow was supposed t o

e h t e r e h w e c a l p e h t e

b arrow t ha tBuddha t hrewf ellt o,i tcouldwashawayal lsin s

e e r f d n

a et h humans fromt heWhee lo fLfie.

s a w m i

K fascinatedbyt heLama’ss torybecauset heys hared as imlia rmagica l

e r e h T . t s e u

q wa salso a prophecy abou thim which said tha the would mee ta red

ll u

b in a green ifeld, and he fel tconnected t o t he Old Lama .Kim learne d that t he

c s i h t s o l t s u j d a h a m a

L hela ( pupi)l ,andsince heseemed tobe unablet of uflli lhi s

d e e n n w

(31)

m i

K aw san orphan, thu she though ttha taccompanying a Lama through a

d l u o w d n a l e h t d n u o r a e g a m ir g li

p b irnghimsomenewknowledgeandexpe irences .

s e d i s e

B payingsomeservicesf ort heLama ,Kim whoalsoacteda sa spyundert he

o e c n a d i u

g fahorse rtader ,MahbubAil ,could uset heplig irmagea sadisguise .Kim

o g y li s a e d l u o

c to place swtihou tatrtacitng many suspicions .A ttha t itme ,i ti s

n o m m o

c tha tpeopledopligirmageal lacrosst hel andt o ifndenilghtenmen.t

tr a t s , a m a L e h t d n a m i K , r e h t e g o

T e d thei rjourney to ifnd thei rindividua l

e s i m o r p m i K . t s e u

q d to assist t he Lama t o ifnd hi sRiver, da n in return the Lama

d e t s i s s

a Kim to ifnd the red bul lin the green ifeld .Atlhough Kim respected and

d e tr a t

s togrowf ondoft he l ama ,Kim nevert old t heLamat ha theworked aa s spy

r a e p p a s i d s e m it e m o s e h e r e h w r

o e ddu irngt heri res titmei nthej ourney .

m i

K someitmes l e tft heLama whenhehad aspyingj ob t odo .Beforehel e tf ,

e d a m e

h sure tha tthe Lama wa swel ltaken care of .The Lama usually lef tto

p e e l s r o e t a ti d e

m a tfer he took hi smeal ,which made him unaware o fKim’ s

. e c n e s b a

m i K e c n

O ’ sprophecy abou tthe red bul lwa sful iflled ,Kim wa ssen tto a

o t l o o h c

s pursue hi seducaitona sa whtie man .He hadt o be pa tred wtiht he Lama

n ir u

d g hi sschoo l itme .Atlhough i twa shard rfo theLama t o eb separated f romhi s

d e t s i s n i e h , a l e h

c tha tKimgett hebes teducaitonprovidedf o rawhtiemani nI ndia .

n o it a c u d e t s e b e h t r o

F fo rhi sbelovedchela ,het houghtt hati twa sapprop iratet ha t

r o f d i a p e

(32)
(33)

n i a t n i a m o t r e d r o n

I the statu squo ,the authortiy mus tunderstand the subjec to f t s e b e h t s i h c a o r p p a l a i n o l o c t s o p e h T . s e r u tl u c f o g n i d n e l b e h t h g u o r h t y ti r o h t u a

y h s t c e n n o c t i e s u a c e b s i s y l a n a e h t n i d e il p p a e b o t h c a o r p p

a b ird identtiy and ti s

. d n u o r g k c a b

.

C Methodoft heStudy

s e s u y d u t s s i h

T ilbrary research method and interne tresearch method .The

s e k a t r e ti r

w thedataf romt he ilbraryandt he i nternet, eth ncombine t hemt ogett he

y r a s s e c e

n informaiton .

e c r u o s y r a m ir p e h

T i sthe nove lKim by Rudyard Kipilng (Reader’ sDiges t n

o it i d

E , 1990 )wtih an a tferword by John L .Cobb sand illusrtaiton sby Gary

d r a a g a

A .Thesecondary source sa rearitcle ,s r eference books ,undergraduate t hesi s

s s u c s i

d i ngKipilng’ snovelandt het heo iresneededt oanalyzei .t

k r o w e h t g n i z y l a n a n i n e k a t e r u d e c o r p e h

T i sby fris treading and re-reading

m i

K in orde rto ge ta be tte runderstanding on the conten to fthe novel .A tfe rthe n

a t s r e d n u r e ti r

w ds the novel ,the second step t o t ake i s t o formulate the problems ,

d ri h t e h t d n

a stepi st ocollectthedatar elatedt ot hisr esearch ,whliethef ou trhi s to

e z y l a n

a .ti

p e t s t x e n e h

T is toapplyt het heo iresandt heapproacht oanswert heproblem s

t s ri f e h T . n o it a l u m r o

f is by using the theory o fcharacte rand characte irza iton to

c it s ir e t c a r a h c e h t e n i m r e t e

d s oft he character .The secondi sbyapplyingt he t heory

f

o p -ost coloniailsm and t heory o fhyb ird i denttiy to ifnd out t he hyb ird i denttiy i n

(34)
(35)

e h t a h t g i w t a n o g n i w e h c , e n o y n a n a h t d e ti c x e e r o m d n a e k a w a e r o m , ti f o

t h g ir d e w o r r o b e h r o f ; h s u r b h t o o t a s a e s u y lt n e s e r p d l u o

w - and le tf

-o s m o t s u c e h t ll a m o r f y l d e d n a

h f t he counrty he knew and l oved (Kipilng , )

8 7 : 0 9 9

1 .

g n ir u D . d n a l l a r u tl u c it l u m a s i a i d n

I theB iritshsetltemen,tt hereareva irou s

d n i

k ,o fpeoplecoming across t he counrty .Besides the l oca lpeopleof I ndia and

h s it ir B e h

t men ,othe rpeople from t he neighbo irng count ire salso come t o visi t

India .Thisi sbecauseI ndia hadmany sacredplace swhichatrtacte d peoplet o do

r e v i R a g n u G e h t s a h c u s , e g a m ir g li

p which wa ssaid t obeable t owash awayt he

s s e n k c i s r o s n i

s , andKapliavastu, thebi trhplaceo fBuddha .

m i

K wa san I irsh boy who grew up i n India. eT h Europeans who ilved in

d e ll a c e r a a i d n

I “sahib”. Hi sparents w ereal ldead, da n theyl e tf himaloneint he

t p e k o h w n a m o w a f o e r a

c asecondhand f urntiure shopint he market .Kim loved

h , s u h T . y ti c e h t n i s e c a l p d n u o r a o g o

t i scomplexion aw s no treally whtie but

t n r u

b blacka sanyl oca lpeopleofI ndia.

m i K r o f n o it a c if it s u j e m o s s a w e r e h

T – he had kickedLala Dinanath’ sboy s

n o i n n u rt e h t f f

o – since the Engilsh held Punjab and Kim wa sEngilsh . h

g u o h t ; e v it a n y n a s a k c a l b d e n r u b s a w e h h g u o h

T he spoket he vernacula r ; g n o s g n i s n i a tr e c n u d e p p il c a n i e u g n o t r e h t o m s i h d n a , e c n e r e f e r p y b

e h t f o s y o b l l a m s e h t h ti w y ti l a u q e t c e f r e p f o s m r e t n o d e tr o s n o c e h h g u o h t

e ti h w s a w m i K ; r a a z a

b – a poo rwhtie of t he very poorest .(Kipilng ,1990 : )

9 .

p a s

A oo rkid ,Kim used t o beg fo rfood i n t he marke tstalls .The woman

k o o t o h

w care o fhim i saddictedt osmokingopium whichsomeitmescaused rh e

o

t forget t o provide food i n t he house ,so Kim would ask for food t o t he people

o h

(36)
(37)
(38)
(39)

byeaitngmea,tt hu sKimaskedthemanwhoses onhecuredinf ron toft het emple

m i h g n ir b o

t allt he deilciousf ood swhich wereno tprovidedi nt he t empleas t he

. e r u c e h t f o t n e m y a

p A tfe rhehadeaten et h mea,thi shunge rdisappeare . d

L e h

T a ma whom Kim followed wa sa spritiual man from Tibet .The lama

a

w son a journey to ifnd the “Rive ro fRevelaiton” . K im found the Lama

interesitngandseeingt hatt heLamawasi ncapableoft akingcareo fhimsefl ,Kim

a s a f l e s m i h d e r e f f

o chela(disciple)toassis tdu irngthej ourney .Beforet heystar t

L e h t k o o t m i K , y e n r u o j r i e h

t ama to take shetle runde rMahbub Al’i sroof .

e v a g i l A b u b h a

M shetle randmoneyasl onga sKimwouldbewliilngt odeilve ra

. a l a b m U n i l e n o l o c h s it ir B a o t e g a s s e m c it p y r c

L e h t h ti w d e l e v a rt m i

K ama and acte d a san agen talong t he way unit lhe

a o t t n e s e b o t m i K d e t n a w t n e m i g e r e h T . t n e m i g e r s ’r e h t a f s i h y b d n u o f s a w

d n a n e r d li h c e ti h w r o f l o o h c

s be a soldie rjus t ilke hi sfather .The Lama ,who

w e r

g fondo fKimbecausehet houghttha tKimwa sdesitnedt ohelphim ifndhi s

d e e r g a s i d , n o it a l e v e

r wtih t he regimen tand i nsiste d tha tKim b e sent t o the bes t

d e h s i w e H . y l n o l o o h c

s to pay for t he t uiiton as l ong a sKim i ssent to t he bes t

. a i d n I n i s i e r e h t l o o h c s

n e h t m i

K attended St .Xavie rin Lucknow to learn t hing swhich would be

d e t n a w e h d l u o h s l u f e s

u toi nvolve i nt he governmen to rspying. Kimstudied the

. s g n i h t r e h t o d n a , s c it a m e h t a m , h s il g n E n i e ti r w o t w o h d n a e g a u g n a

l tI t urned

t o g e h r o f d n i m t n a il li r b a d a h m i K t a h t t u

(40)

r o f e d u ti t p a t a e r g a d e w o h s e h t a h t s k o o b e m a s e h t n i d e d r o c e r r e h tr u f s i tI

( e z ir p a y a w a d e ir r a c d n a , g n i k a m p a m s a l l e w s a s e i d u t s l a c it a m e h t a

m The

e c n e r w a L d r o L f o e fi

L , rtee cafl ,two vol .s ,nine rupee seigh tannas )fo r e

r e h t y c n e i c if o r

p in ;andt hesamet ermplayed i nSt .Xavier’ selevenagains t n

i e b e g a s i h , e g e ll o C n a d e m m a h o M r u h g y ll A e h

t g fou treen year sand ten s

h t n o

m (Kipilng ,1990 :169).

i K r e tf

A m i sou to fschool ,hi sfuture was t hen discussed by t he playe ro f

e r G e h

T a tGame .Kimwas t oserve t he governmen ta sasc irbewhosej obwoukd

e

b tomake map sand r epor tall t hingst ha thappening int he l and .Thisj ob would

o s l

a enable himt o ac ta sanundercove ragent .Att he age o fseventeen ,Kim wa s

e h o S . e m a g e h t o t w e

n assiste d the othe ragentst o gett he necessary i nformaiton

.t n e m n r e v o g e h t r o f

a w m i

K saboywtihpecuilarl fieandaciton .Hedidnotl eadal fie ilkeothe r

e H . e g a s i h t a d li h c y r a n i d r

o wa schlidish ,bu tsome itme she could ac twisely ,

g n i d n e p e

d onhisi nterest .Herearesomeo fhi srtati sa sawhtieboy ilvesi nI ndia.

.

1 AnOpportunist

w e r g m i

K upa sapoo rboy .Someitmest hehousehe ilvedi ndidno tprovide

d o o

f , forcingKim t ogo out t oea twtihhisf irends .Thi seconomiccondiiton set s

e h e c n a h c y r e v e e t a l u p i n a m o t m i

K g etswheni tcomest odeal wtihmoney .Like

a w e h n e h

w si ncharget obuy rtain itcketsf o rhimandt heLama ,het ooksomeo f

L e h

t ama’ smoneyf o rhimsel .f

e h t f o e c ir p e h t f o e e p u r h c a e n i a n n a e n o y l n o g n i p e e k , y e n o m e h t n r u t e r e H

o c s i h s a t e k c it a ll a b m

U mmission – the immemo ira lcommission o fAsia .)

(41)
(42)

a s e ir a l u b a c o v e h t d e r e t s a m e H . r o t c a t a e r g a s i m i

K ndexpressionst oatrtac t

e h

t sympathy o fother .Kim could easliy pretend t o be so miserable t ha tpeople

d l u o

w fall t optiy him and give him wha the need .Kim wa salso stubborn when

e

h hadarleady sethi seyest oge twha thewante .d Thi si sprobablysomething he

. y l e e r f d n u o r a m a o r d l u o c e h e r e h w , r a a z a b e h t n i s k l a t s ’ e l p o e p m o r f d e n r a e l d a h

d e s u m i

K hi scharm sno tonly t o t he common women he met at t he rtain .

a w o h w , u l u K f o n a m o W e h

T sa widow o fa r espectable irch f amliy ,also f ell t o

i K . s k l a t t e e w s s i

h m noitced that t here wa sa group o fplig irmage resitng at t he

w e n k e H . d a o r e h t f o e d i

s tha tonlyold woman o fa highstatu swho would do a

.t i tf il d n a d r a u g o t n e m l a r e v e s h ti w t r a c a n i e g a m ir g li p

t p r a h s y r e v a s a h y ll a u s u n a m o w f o d n i k r a l u c it r a p s i h

T ongue and desrie s

o s d n a r g y n a

m nsi nherf amliy ilne .Kimplayedthese rtatist ohi sadvantaget oge t

L e h t d n a s i

h ama’ sdinne rguaranteed ,atl eastf ort henigh.t

l li w e h s p a h r e p n e t a e s a h e h n e h W . e l p i c s i d s ’ e n O y l o H e h t t u b m a I “

” . e m o c

d n a n i a ll i v , h O

“ shameles srogue!” The jeweled fore ifnge rshook tisel fa t .

e l k c u h c s ’ y d a l d l o e h t r a e h d l u o c e h t u b ; y l g n i v o r p e r m i h

l a it n e d if n o c d n a g n i s s e r a c t s o m s i h o t n i g n i p p o r d , d i a s e h ” ? ti s i t a h w , y a N “

e n o

t – theone ,hewel lknew,t hatf ewcouldr esist .“I s– si thereanyneedo f ?

y li m a f y h t n i n o s

a Speakf reely,f o rwep irests– ”(Kipilng ,1990 :74)

d e t n i o p e

H driecltya twhatt he woman’ sdesrie smost .Nowoman candeny

n i t n a d n e c s e d e l a m r e h t o n

a the f amliy . tIi sconsidered anhonor t obe blessed by

s e l a m y n a

m int hef amliy rtee.

L a g n i m o c e

B a ’ ema ch laha sti sadvantages .Kimknewt ha thehaddonehi s

t h g ir b o

(43)

o h c e e p

s ft heWomano fKulu ,he r ea ilzedtha teverythingwli lbeprovided f o ra s

e i n a p m o c c a a m a L e h t d n a e h s a g n o

l d heri nt hej ourney.

d o o f t u o b a y r r o w o t d e e n o n s a w e r e h

T – no need t ospenda cow ire at t he g n o rt s a y b d e x e n n a n a m y l o h a f o e l p i c s i d e h t s a w e H . s ll a t s d e d w o r

c

-, m e h t r o f d e r a p e r p e b d l u o w s g n i h t ll A . y d a l d l o d e ll i

w andwhent heywere d

e ti v n i y ll u ft c e p s e

r sot odot heywoulds i tandeat(Kipilng ,1990 :78).

a w m i

K sthe apprenitce o fa spy who worked fo rthe B ir itsh government .

a w , e fi l y li a d n i ,i l A b u b h a

M s a well-known horse rtade rwho wa srespected by

h tl A . e l p o e

p oughMahbubAl iwa sas enio rwhlieKimwa saj unior ,Kims itllt ook

e h t a h t s e t a t s m i K . m i h r e v o e g a t n a v d

a wouldalways t ell t he rtuth ,bu the asked

e h s w e n e h t r o f n o it a s n e p m o c a r o

f wast o convey .“Eigh tannas ,and Iwillt el,l”

t t I “ . g n i n n ir g , m i K d i a

s ouche sthy peace.” And then Mahbub answered ,“O

u b h a M ” ! n a ti a h

S bgavet hemoney(Kipilng ,1990 :149).

tr o p p o n e h

W untiy comes ,Kim promp lty grasped ti .He showed no fear t o

e v a h y e h t e s u a c e b i l A b u b h a

M close relaitonship .Mahbub Al ihad been ilke a

r e h t a

f to Kim, and thu sformaltiy between them wa sno tnecessary .Kim could

g n il e e f d r a h y n a t u o h ti w m i h r e v o e g a t n a v d a e k a

t a s MahbubAl ihadunderstood

d e v o l m i K t a h

t toplaygame.

.

2 Superior

d n I n i e ti h w g n i e

B ia du irng B iritsh i nvasion made Kim feel t ha the had a

e r a p m o c y ti r o ir e p u

s dt ot he na itves .Kimt houghttha tbeingwhtiemean sahighe r

h s it ir B e h t e c n i s s u t a t s l a i c o

s ha spowe rove rofI ndia .He didno tsee i ta sacase

(44)
(45)

g n a s m i K . a e r a l a t s a o

c abou thowtheB iritsht akeovert hel andandsen taway the

n a i d n

I fromt hei rownl and .Heusedthesonga sananswert ot hecryo fpleaf rom

.s d n e ir f s i h

.

3 Heroic

w e r g m i

K up i nt hesrteet so fIndia .Sincet hewomanwhot ookcare o fhim

d e k r o

w a sa selleri n t hemarket ,she didno thave much itme t ospend wtihKim .

t e l e h

S Kim wande irngaroundt he ctiyas l ong a she could take care o fhimsefl .

g n il l e v a rt f o t i b a h s i h

T fromoneplacet oanothe rmadeKimf amiila rwtihal lkind

w e n k e H . e l p o e p f

o howt odisitnguishpeople ,whethert heyw eregoodo revli ,so

e

h couldprotecthimseflf rom rtouble .

L e h

T ama ,beingoldandi nnocent ,wouldbeaneasyt argetf o rbadpeoplet o

. m o r f e g a t n a v d a e k a

t Whlie rtavelilngwtih t heLama ,hebeca me moreprotecitve

o t d a h o s l a e h e s u a c e

b protectt heLamabesides himsefl .

l l A “ . a m a l e h t o t y li r r e m d e ir c e h ” ? I s a e l p i c s i d a h c u s r e v e e r e h t s a W “

e r o h a L f o e li m n e t n i h ti w s e n o b y h t d e k c i p e v a h d l u o w h tr a

e ctiy i f Ihad

e e h t d e d r a u g t o

n ”( Kipilng ,1990 :67).

d n a m i K n e h w e m it e n o s a w e r e h

T the Lama spent the nigh ta ta village ,

d e r e f f o r e i d l o s d l o n a e r e h

w a l odging i nhi shousebutt he p iresti nsistedthat t he

Lama should spend the nigh ta tthe temple .Kim became aware tha tthe p ires t

d e t n a

w to steal t hei rmoney .So ,Kim l ett he Lama t o sleep i nt he t emple, bu the

d a h y lt s ri

f handovert hemoneyf ors afekeeping .

e h t o t n i f f o n a m d l o e h t g n i n o k c e b , d e r e p s i h w e h ” ? y e n o m e h t s i e r e h W “

.s s e n k r a d

(46)
(47)
(48)
(49)

t o g d n a n w o t d n u o r a d e r e d n a

w a taste o fopium from the woman who kep ta

o c e

s ndhand furntiure shop . He fell into addiciton , smoking opium in hi s

n o i s s e r p e

d ,anddieda sapoo rwhtieman .

e tf

A rMr .O’Hara died, t he woman who guarde d the secondhand furntiure

p o h

s in t he marke ttook care o fKimandpretended to whoeve raski ng he rabou t

h

t eboyi nhe rcaret hats hewast hes iste ro fKim’ smothe .rThi swomandid tno in

lr e p o r p m i K f o e r a c e k a t t c a

f y;s hewa salsoaddictedt oopiumandf orgott hats he

d a

h achlidt owatchover .Kim ,whogrewupa sani ndependen tchlid ,preferred to

.s d n e ir f s i h h ti w t e e rt s e h t n i t a e d n a s ll a t s t e k r a m e h t n i d o o f r o f g e b

e h

T fact t ha tKimwa sawhtieboy raisedbya naitve womanofI ndia made

, y ti t n e d i d e x i m a e c n e ir e p x e m i

h a sW liilam Edward Burghard tDuBoi sstated

o h w e l p o e p t a h

t ea r involved in the mixture o ftwo cutlure swli lexpe irence “a

o w t‘ f o d n i

k -ness’”ast woi denitite sblendi nonei ndividual .Kimknewverywel l

a w e h t a h

t san I irsh ,a B iritsh by blood ,bu t ti i s t he cutlure t hat i n lfuenced hi s

t o n d l u o c e H . a i d n I s i h t w o r

g eb etiher a pure B iritsh o rpure India at t he same

e m

it , andt hi scausedhimt ohaveahyb irdi denttiy .

d e t c a m i K s e m it e m o

S ilke he wa smore supe iror t han t he naitve people o f

a i d n

I , andsome othe r itme she acted ilkea rtue peopleof I ndia .Kim’ shyb irdtiy

d e y a rt r o p s

i in hi severyday l fie ilke when he i nteracted wtih other ,s through shi

,s n o it c

a theatttiudehes howed ,thel anguage sheused ,andt hewayhet hought.

.

(50)

d e w o h s m i

K two kind o fatttiude ,st he f rist i shi sa tttiude t owards the l oca l

a i d n I f o e l p o e

p , andt hesecond i shi satttiudet oward shis f ellowwhtiemen .Kim

a w e h e k il d e t c

a s a more impo tran tperson when he aw sface to face wtih the

d l u o c e H . e v it a

n casually t hrow rude words t o t he local poilceman who wa son

. y t u d

m a Z t s n i a g a s l e e h s i h d e m m u r d e h s

A -Zammah he turned now and again g

n i k s i h m o r

f - fo - et -h caslte game wtih ltilte Chota La land Abdullah the e

m t e e w

s a tseller’ sson, t o make a rude remark t o t he naitve poilceman on r

r e v o d r a u

g ow sofs hoe satt heMuseumdoor(Kip ilng ,1990 :11).

d i d m i

K no tshow pol tienes satlhough the person he addressed wtih rude

a w s d r o

w sa poilce .He fetl secure to say those thing sbecause he knew the

d l u o w e h d n a y ll a n o s r e p n a m e c il o

p no tge tany rtoublebysaying ti .Fu trhermore ,

d e k s a e c il o p e h t n e h

w Kim to help him interpre tthe talk o fa foreigner ,Kim

d e ll a c y lt n a l a h c n o

n the poilceman wtih an imprope rname. “Send him htihe ,r”

m a Z m o r f g n i p p o r d , m i K d i a

s -Zammah , lfou irshing hi sbare heels .“He i sa

o

f reigner ,andt houar tabuffalo”( Kipilng ,1990 :12).

w e n k n a m e c il o p e h

T mKi ’ shistory and i sunderstood mKi ’ s behavior tha t

d i d e

h no ttake Kim se irously .However ,Kim’ satttiude wa sdfiferen twhen he

a w m i K n e h W . n a m e ti h w w o ll e f s i h h ti w d e c a f s a

w si nt hebarracks choo lbefore

a w e

h ssent t o St .Xavier’s ,he received some unjus t rteatmen tfrom his t eache r

e w o h w s d n e ir f s i h d n

a rei nchargeo fwatchinghim .Hewa so tfenbeatenbyt hem

. n o s a e r y n a t u o h ti

w “ Iwli lwai,t”saidKim ,“butt heboy swli lbea tme”( Kipilng ,

) 8 1 1 : 0 9 9

(51)

d e w o h s m i

K fid feren tatt tiude sbecause he did no tfee lfamiila rwtih the

a w e H . l o o h c s e h t t a e l p o e

p sused t o bei ng surrounded by na itve people t ha the

d i

d no tknow how to reac tto the rteatment she received from hi sfellow whtie

e v a h y e h T . n e

m na authortiy which Kim could not deny; i fhe rea dcte rudel y to

r o m e h

t tookrevengeagains tthem ,hewouldr eceivepunishment .s

.

2 Kim’ sChoiceo fLanguage

d e s u m i

K two l anguage atlernately,t he vernacula rwhich he spoke ulf enlty

w e n k e h h c i h w h s il g n E d n

a a l tilte ,depend son whohe was t alking ot .When he

k a e n

s e dtohisf ather’sr egimen tcamp-groundandge tcaugh tbyt hechaplains ,he

e k o p

s broken Engilsh and surp irsed eth m for t hey h ad no texpec ttha ta begga r

d l u o

c speakEngilsh.

” .s r e p a p e h t e m e v i G ? t s o l ti s I . e m t i e v i g O . e m t i e v i G “

h s il g n E n i e r e w s d r o w e h

T – the itnny ,saw-cu tEngilsh of t he naitve-bred , d

e p m u j n i a l p a h c e h t d n

a (Kipilng ,1990 :90).

m i

K spoke and understoodEngilsh a l tiltebefore heenteredt he school .He

d e g n ir t

s thewordst ogethe rwtihoutt heknowledgeo fgrammar ,bu thi ssentence s

e r e

w iqute understandable .The boy who wa sin charge o fguarding him whlie

a w m i

K si nt hebarracks choolconsideredthats peakingt hevernacula rwa sas tate

d e ir t m i K . e c a r g s i d f

o hi sbes tto pretend tha the did no tspeak tha tlanguage.

” ? u o y t ’ n o d , r e g g i n a s a e m a s e h t k l a t u o Y

“ o“ -N ah !No-ah ! Ionleespeakal tilte .

) 7 0 1 : 0 9 9 1 , g n il p i K ( ” ? w o n o d e w l l a h s t a h W

e h t t

A barrackschool ,Kim hadt owea ra shi tr ,apai rof rtousers ,andboots .

a w k o o l s i

(52)
(53)

m i K d n a , r e w s n a e h t s a w ” , h s il g n E d n a t s r e d n u t o n o d I

“ shi tfed hi sspeech y

l g n i d r o c c

a (Kipilng ,1990 :152).

s e h t h g u o h tl

A choo lhad made Kimf orget t he vernacular f o ra whlie ,bu ta

d l u o c a m o r a n i a tr e

c b irnghim t o r emembe rhi shabi to fspeakingt hevernacular .

u o h e h

T seof t hesahib whereKimspenthi shoilday, was f ul loff ragrancewhich

a

w snormally found at t he t emple .After i nhailng t ha tfragrance ,Kim forgot t he

s g n i h

t related t o schoo lo rB iritsh, and he returne d to hi sold habi.t“ Iam here,”

f m i h e d a m s ll e m s e h t :r a l u c a n r e v e h t n i g n i k a e p s , t s a l t a m i K d i a

s orget t ha the

b i h a s a e b o t s a

w (Kipilng ,1990 :153).

l p m i s

A e thing which wa sclosely related to the lfie in India such a s

e c n a r g a r

f ,could irb ng back t he memo ires .Kim ,who wa sused t o wanderi ng in

y ti c e h

t and cameto contac twtiht he smel lof thet emple everyday,r emembered

o

h w he usedt o be before he enteredt he school .Tha tsmel lmade himf orget tha t

k a e p s o t d a h o h w n a m e ti h w a s a w e

h Engilsha shi smothert ongue.

.

3 Kim’ sWayo fThinking

n i g n i k a e p s s e d i s e

B two languages ,Kim also though tin two ways .He

t h g u o h

t inHind iandi nEngilsh .Therearet hing swhichcanonlybeviewedf rom

w e i v f o t n i o p b i h a s

a ,andt hereare t hing swhichwould onlymake ssensei fseen

m o r

f thepoin to fviewo fanaitveI ndian.

.i d n i H n i ,l a u s u s a , g n i k n i h t ,s u o ir u f w e r g d n a e s o n s i h d e b b u r m i K

t h g i m r a a z a b e h t m o r f r a g g e b a h ti w s i h T

“ begood ,bu t– Iam asahib and f o t n e d u t s a , e d i s e b e r o m h c u m s a e c i w t s i h c i h w d n a b i h a s a f o n o s e h t

n m a D . s ’ r e i v a X . t S f o y o b a “ , ) h s il g n E o t d e n r u t e h e r e h ( ” s s e Y . o a l k c u N

, h O . e n i h c a m g n i w e s a e k il y r e n i h c a m f o t r o s e m o s s i tI ! s e y e s ’ n a g r u L . r M

t

(54)
(55)

d l e h m i

K itght t o hi sEngilsh mind every itme he wa sfaced t o something

. l a n o it a r

ri Mahbub Al inoitced how hard i twa sto make Kim surrende rto the

n a h c n

e tm sent .He had t o force Kim t o accep t ti ; ti t ook a l ong itme before Kim

d e t p e c c a d n a n i e v a g y ll a u t n e v

e .ti

.

4 Kim’ sGesture

s i n o s r e p e h t f i e n o d y ll a r u t a n e r a h c i h w s r o i v a h e b n i a tr e c e r a e r e h T

d e t n i a u q c

a with ti i nhi sda liyl fie .Kimwa sEngilshbybi trh ,bu thi scutlure was

a w e H . a i d n

I smoref amiila rwtih t hecustomofI ndia r athert hanB iritsh ,because

a w t a h

t swha the usua llysawandi mtiated i nhi sacitoneveryday .Att hebarrack

d e y a t s e h e r e h

w wtih hi sfather’ sregiment ,he slept on t he lfoor j us t ilke he had

e n o d y ll a u s

u . Naitve f ashion ,he cu lred himsel fup on a st irpped co tand went t o

p e e l

s (Kipilng ,1990 :103-104).

d e lr u c l li t s m i K , d e b a n o t p e l s e h h g u o h tl

A pu , jus ta she hadalway sdone

n e h

w sleepingon t he lfoor .Hewa sno taccustomedt o l ayi tngsraigh ton t hebed .

t a s o s l a m i

K eil k any othe rnaitve swhen he asked a l etter-wrtier t o wrtie him a

il A b u b h a M o t r e tt e

l , when he had no tye t learn how to wrtie and read.

e b d e tt a u q s m i K y ll a c i n a h c e

M side him – squatted a sonly the naitve scan – in

t f o e ti p

s heabominablecilnging rtousers(Kipilng ,1990 :106).

s n o t i a w y e h t n e h w r i a h c a n o t i s r o s d n a t s l li w n a m e ti h w r e h t

O omething

d e r r e f e r p m i K . e n o d e b o

(56)

r e tt e

l tobe w irtten ,a tlhough hewore theclothe so fa whtieman .He alsoappiled

f o e t u l a s e h

t naitve swhenhe ifnallyr ejoinedhisl ama .

y a l p e lt ti l e h t g n it t e g r o f , m i K d i a s ” , e n O y l o H , e e h t y b e s i w e d a m s a w I “

.t S g n it t e g r o f ; d e d n e t s u

j Xavier’s ;forgetitng hi swhtie blood ;forgetitng s i h h c u o t o t , n o i h s a f n a d e m m a h o M , d e p o o t s e h s a e m a g t a e r g e h t n e v e

t e e f s ’ r e t s a

m int hedus toft heJ aint emple(Kip ilng ,1990:195).

e h t h c u o t o t n o m m o c s i

tI fee to fapersonwhoses tatusi shigher .Kimwa sa

a w e h n e h w t u b , n a m e ti h

w swtiht he Lama ,who wa sanaitve ,he consideredt he

Lama hi smaster da n tha thehadt obowbefore him .Handshake i smorecommon

n i h c u o t n a h t n e m e ti h w r o

f g feet .However ,whenKim offered hi sgrattiude t o a

o h w n a m o

w hadhelpedhim andt heLama ,hedid ti theEngilshwaybecauset he

a w n a m o

w sf amiila rwtiht hecustom.

e h , t s i a w r e h d n u o r m r a s i h g n it t u p d n a , m i K d i a s ” ? h g u o h t ,s s e u g I f i w o H “

: h s il g n E n i g n i d d a , k e e h c e h t n o r e h d e s s i

k “Thank you verree much ,my r

a e

d ”( Kipilng ,1990 :271).

ir B r o f g n i h t n o m m o c a s i k e e h c e h t n i s s i k

A itsh people .Kim fe tl that i t

a

w spropert odo tit ot hewomanwhohadhelpedhimbecausehewa sB iritshand

a w n a m o w e h

t sf amiila rwtiht hegesture .He didi twtihou tanyawkward f eeilng

i h c i h

w mpiledtha the aw salsocomfo trablewtihB iritshcutlure.

.

5 Kim’ sAciton

y b d e c n e u lf n i o s l a e r a s n o it c a s ’ m i

K hi sblood and cutlures .A ll t he t hing s

e r a d i d e

h moslty based on how i twould bene if thim from each point so fview .

d n e h

(57)

o t e lt ti

l gain from l ying t o him .Howeve ,r i n othe rchance ,Kim could ac t ilke a

. e v it a n

d l u o w t a h T . e il a m i h d l o t r e v e n d a h o h w d lr o w e h t n i l u o s e n o e h t s a w m i K

a M f i r e t c a r a h c s ’ m i K n o t o l b l a t a f a n e e b e v a

h hbubhad no tknown t hat t o ,s

s e n i s u b s ’ b u b h a M r o s d n e n w o s i h r o f , s r e h t

o Kim could ile ilke an l

a t n e ir

O (Kip ilng ,1990 :29).

b u b h a

M Al iwa salmos tilke af athert oKim .Oncehe sentKimt odeilve ra

c it p y r

c message to a colone lin Umballa ;Kim’ stask was only to de ilve rthe

h t o n d n a e g a s s e

m ing else .Neve trheless ,Kim se toff to i nves itgate more for t he

e k a

s o fhi sowncu irostiy.SwfiltyKimt ookupt hemoney ;bu ,tf o ral lhi srtaining ,

f o t r a p t s a e l e h t r e v li s n o k c e r o t h tr i b y b h g u o n e h s ir I s a w e

h anygam e(Kipilng ,

) 1 4 : 0 9 9

1 .

. d e r e v il e d s i e g a s s e m e h t r e tf a t f e l e v a h d l u o w e h , e v it a n e r u p a s a w m i K f I

; e v it a n e r u p a t o n s a w m i K , r e v e w o

H he w sa also a whtie man t ha the chose t o

e t a g it s e v n

i the message fu trhe rfo rhi sown benefti .The l ama ,a sKim’s t eache ,r

t h g u a

t Kim all t he wisdom i n hi sknowledge .He wanted Kim t o ac t irgh tb sy hi

. g n i h c a e t

l l e w s i n o it c a m o r f n i a t s b a o T

“ – exceptt oacqurieme ir.t”

s a w n o it c a m o r f n i a t s b a o t t a h t t h g u a t e r e w e w g n i n r a e L f o s e t a G e h t t A “

n A . b i h a s a g n it ti f e b n

u d Iamasahib”( Kip ilng ,1990 :216).

s n o s s e l s i h l l a t o n t a h t d n u o f ll it s e h , r e h c a e t s i h d e t c e p s e r m i K h g u o h t n e v E

y lt c e ri d e r e

w acceptable .Some o fthem were qutie dfiferen tfrom wha tSt .

t h g u a t s ’ r e i v a

X him .He t iredto ifndcountert hel ama’ swisdomwtiht he lesson s

e

Figur

Memperbarui...

Referensi

Memperbarui...

Unduh sekarang (63 Halaman)
Related subjects :