A GRADUATING PAPER Submitted to the Board of Examiners as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan (S.Pd) In the English Education Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty

Teks penuh

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AN ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE OF

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE IN

ONEHALLYU ONLINE FORUM

A GRADUATING PAPER

Submitted to the Board of Examiners as a Partial Fulfillment of

the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan (S.Pd)

In the English Education Department of Teacher Training and

Education Faculty

By:

ULYA HIKMAWATI

113 08 050

ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF TEACHER

TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES (IAIN)

SALATIGA

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MOTTO

You don’t have to be positive all the time. It’s perfectly okay to feel

sad, angry, annoyed, frustated, scared or anxious. Having feelings

doesn’t make you a “negative person”. It makes you human.

(Lori Deschene)

Remember that life’s greatest lessons are usually learned a

t the worst

times and from the worst mistakes.

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DEDICATION

This graduation paper is whole-heartedly dedicated to:

1. My father and mother who have raised me; and whole my families, you’re

such the sweetest things to be grown up with.

2. My indeed friends.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful, The Lord of Universe. Because of Him, the writer could finish this graduating paper as one of the requirement for Sarjana Pendidikan in English Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga in 2016. Secondly, peace and salutation always be given to our prophet Muhammad SAW who has guided us from the darkness to the lightness.

However, this success would not be achieved without those supports, guidance, advice, help, and encouragement from individual and institution, and I somehow realize that an appropriate moment for me to deepest gratitude for: 1. Dr. Rahmat Hariyadi, M.Pd. the Rector of State Institute of Islamic Studies

(IAIN) Salatiga.

2. Suwardi, M.Pd., the Dean of Teacher Training and Educational Faculty of State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga.

3. Noor Malihah, Ph.D. as the Head of English Education Department of State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga.

4. Faizal Risdianto, S.S., M.Hum. as the writer’s counselor who has educated, supported, directed and given the writer advices, suggestions, and recommendations for this graduating paper from beginning until the end. 5. All the lecturers of State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga.

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Finally, this graduating paper is expected to be able to provide useful knowledge and information to the readers. The writer is pleased to accept more suggestion and contribution from the readers for the improvement of the graduating paper.

Salatiga, August 15th 2016 The writer

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ABSTRACT

Hikmawati,Ulya. 2016. AN ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE OF INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE IN ONEHALLYU ONLINE FORUM, Counselor: Faizal Risdianto, S.S., M.Hum.

Keywords: analysis, structure, interrogative sentences, OneHallyu online forum. This research is intend to analyze the structure of interrogative sentences in OneHallyu online forum. There are two main points of this research, they are to find and analyze the structure of interrogative sentence and to find the dominant pattern of interrogative sentence found in the OneHallyu Celebrities News and Gossip forum. Descriptive qualitative method apply to this research. The primary data is the title discussion that the member post in Celebrity News and Gossip forum from May until June 2013.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE ... i

DECLARATION ... ii

ATTENTIVE COUNSELOR ... iii

CERTIFICATION PAGE ... iv

MOTTO... v

DEDICATION ... vi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... vii

ABSTRACT ... ix

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CHAPTER II THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

A. Questions Sentence ... 7

1. Definition of Questions Sentences ... 7

2. Structure of Questions Sentences ... 9

B. OneHallyu Online Forum ... 14

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY RESEARCH A. Type of Research ... 20

B. Object of the Research ... 21

C. Type of the Data ... 21

D. Method of Data Collection ... 22

E. Method of Data Analysis... 25

CHAPTER IV DATA ANALYSIS A. Data Presentation ... 28

B. Data Analysis ... 34

1. Yes/No Questions ... 34

2. Information (wh-) Questions ... 40

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CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

A. Conclusion ... 47 B. Suggestion ... 48 REFERENCES

APPENDIXES

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ABBREVIATIONS

15& : 15& (Hangul: 피프틴앤드) is a South Korean duo formed by JYP entertainment. The duo consists of Park Jimin and Baek Yerin.

15& is combination of their ages at debut and the “and” means

that they can have success into the future.

4Minute : 4Minute (Hangul: 포미닛)is South Korean girl group formed by Cube Entertainment in 2009. The members of the group were Nam Ji-hyun, Heo Ga-yoon, Jeon Ji-yoon, Kim Hyun-a, and Kwon So-hyun. On June 13, 2016 Cube announce that the group would disband following their contract expiration.

B2ST : B2ST (Hangul: 비스트) is stylized form of BEAST, a South Korean boyband formed by Cube Entertainment in 2009. The band consists of five members: Yoon Doo-joon, Yong Jun-hyung, Yang Yo-seob, Lee Gi-kwang, and Son Dong-woon. BoA : BoA is a stage name for Kwon Boa (Hangul: 권보아), a South

Korean singer and actress under S.M. Entertainment that active in South Korea and Japan. She is referred to as the Queen of Korean Pop.

CUBE : CUBE is a South Korean record label, Cube Entertainment. Cube Entertainment was founded on August 29, 2006 by Hong Seung-sung (aka Simon Hong), former president of JYP Entertainment, and Shin Jung-hwa (Monica Shin) as Playcube Inc.

EXO : EXO (Hangul: 엑소) is a South Korean - Chinese boy group based in Seoul, formed in 2011 by S.M. Entertainment. Their name taken from the word exoplanet. They are divided into two subgroups, Exo-K ('K' for Korean) for South Korea and Exo-M ('M' for Mandarin) for China.

f(x) : f(x) (Hangul: 에프엑스) is a south korea based girl group formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2009. The group name is based on the mathematical notation for function. F stands for flower and the

“x” is an X chromosome. The group is currently composed of four members: Victoria, Amber, Luna, and Krystal.

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xiv Hangul : The Korean alphabet.

INTL : INTL is one of the few common abbreviation for international. International is an adjective that is defined as existing, occurring, or carried on between two or more nations.

IU : IU (Hangul: 아이유) is Lee Ji-eun (Hangul: 이지은) stage name, a South Korean singer, songwriter and actress Under LOEN Entertainment.

Jun.K : Jun.K is Kim Min-jun (Hangul: 김민준) stage name, a South Korean singer-songwriter, record producer and actor under JYP Entertainment.

JYJ : JYJ is abbreviation for “Junsu/Yuchun/Jejung”. JYJ is a South

Korean pop group formed in 2010 by the three former member of TVXQ: Jaejoong, Yoochun and Junsu. The trio are managed musical genre originating in South Koreathat is characterized by a wide variety of audiovisual elements.

MBLAQ : MBLAQ (Hangul: 엠블랙), is an acronym for “Music Boys Live

in Absolute Quality”, a South Korean boyband created by

South-Korean entertainer Rain under J.Tune Camp. The group consists of Seungho, G.O, and Mir, and formerly Lee Joon and Thunder. SME/SM : SME/SM is abrreviation for S.M. Entertainment

(Hangul: SM엔터테인먼트), a South Korean entertainment company established in 1995 by Lee Soo-man. The company operates as a record label, talent agency, music production company, event management and concert production company, and music publishing house.

SNSD : SNSD is abbreviation for “sonyeo sidae” (Hangul: 소녀시대)

also known as Girls’ Generation, a South Korean girl group formed by S.M. Entertainment in 2007. The group is composed

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members: Taeyeon, Sunny, Tiffany, Hyoyeon, Yuri, Sooyoung, Yoona, and Seohyun.

T-Ara : T-Ara (Hangul: 티아라) is a South Korean girl group formed by

MBK Entertainment, the group name is based on the word “tiara”,

comes from the idea that they will become the "queens of the

roughly translate to “Rising Gods of the East”. TVXQ! consist

of U-Know Yunho and Max Changmin, but they began as a five-member boy band composed of five-members U-Know Yunho, Max Changmin, Hero Jaejoong, Micky Yoochun, and Xiah Junsu in 2003.

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1. Clause Type 7

Figure 2.2. Positive Pattern 9

Figure 2.3. Negative Pattern 9

Figure 2.4. Information Questions First Type 10 Figure 2.5. Information Questions Second Type 11

Figure 2.6. OneHallyu Front page 14

Figure 2.7. OneHallyu Logo 15

Figure 2.8. OneHallyu Neighborhood Section 16 Figure 2.9. OneHallyu Korean Entertainment Section 17 Figure 2.10. OneHallyu Releases Section 18 Figure 2.11. OneHallyu Other Section 18

Figure 4.1. Positive Pattern 34

Figure 4.2. Negative Pattern 34

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LIST OF TABLES

Table 2.1. Yes/No question examples 10

Table 2.2. Wh- words 13

Table 4.1. Interrogative Sentence Classification 28

Table 4.2. Yes/No Question Result 29

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. Background of The study

In everyday life, language is a tool to communicate whether spoken or written. We can identify various types of communicative act by which people communicate with each other: making statements, asking questions, giving directives with the aim of getting the hearer to carry out some action, making an offer or promise, thanking or expressing an exclamation.

Asking and stating are basic communicative acts. The result in variety people with different language background and experience using English as their spoken and written language is variety in structure and grammatical sentences, especially questions sentences. The thing asked for or stated may be something linguistic or it may be something non-linguistic. Gelderen state in her book, An Introduction to the Grammar English (2010:1), that speakers of a language know a lot about their languages. For instance, we know about the sounds (phonology), the structure of words (morphology), and the structure of sentences (syntax).

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2 Robin (2007) said that sentence structure may ultimately be composed of many parts, but remember that the foundation of each sentence is the subject and the predicate. The subject is a word or a group of words that functions as a noun; the predicate is at least a verb and possibly includes objects and modifiers of the verb.

Gelderen (2010:4) state that knowing about the structure of the sentence, what parts go with other parts, is relevant in many cases. In yes/no questions, the verb is moved to the front of the sentence. This rule is quite complex, however. We cannot simply move any verb to the front, it will cause an ungrammatical sentence and not all verbs move to the front to form questions. Apart from yes/no questions, there are wh- questions, where more information is expected for an answer. In these sentences, the wh-word is fronted as well as the auxiliary did. Speaker of English know that sentences are ambiguous, sentences have a structure, movement occurs in question and verbs are divided into two kind, verbs that move in questions and verbs that do not move.

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B. Limitation of The Study

The study will be limited to the pattern of interrogative sentences that the member post from May to June 2013 in OneHallyu online forum, section Celebrity News and Gossip.

C. Problem of The Study

Based on the background of the study, the writer would like to formulate some problem as follows:

1. What are the patterns of interrogative sentences in OneHallyu Online Forum?

2. What is the dominant pattern of interrogative sentences and why it is the most dominant in OneHallyu Online Forum?

D. Objective of The Study

Dealing with the statements describe above, the objective of the research are:

1. To find and analyze the pattern of interrogative sentences in OneHallyu Online Forum.

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E. Benefits Of The Study

1. Theoretical benefits

The result of the study will be one of additional information about question sentences and inspire the other researcher to further research about it in another online community.

2. Practical benefits a. The Lecturers

The result of the study might be beneficial for lecturer to enrich the reference about structure of the sentences, especially in interrogatives sentences that use in Korean fans community. Also with the development of technology, the lecturer will be use online media to improve the student ability in performing written English language. b. The Researcher

With this study, the researcher will be obtain more knowledge about the pattern of question sentences and apply it in the real life. This study wills becoming one of the many reference about structure of the sentences, especially about question sentences.

c. The Readers

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F. Definition of The Key Terms

1. Questions Sentences

Swan (1996: xxvii) said that sentence is a group of words that express a statement, command, questions or exclamation. A sentence consists of one or more clauses, and usually has at least one subject and verb. In writing it begins with capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

Oxford learner’s pocket dictionary (2000:351) define that question

(noun) is a sentence or phrase that asks for information. Downing state in English Grammar: A University Course Third Edition (2015:137) that questions typically seek information from the hearer that the speaker does not know. There are two types interrogatives structure in English, yes/no (polar) and wh- (non-polar) the later with using wh-elements.

2. OneHallyu Online Forum

OneHallyu is a website that consolidated source of Asian

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G. Graduating Paper Organization

The graduating paper is composed into systematically five chapters, and able to clarify as follows. Chapter I, introduction which is dealing with the background of the study, limitation of the study, problem statement, objective of the study, benefit of the study, definition of the key terms, and the paper organization. Chapter II is underlying theory, which covers the term of question sentences and OneHallyu Online Forum. Chapter III provides the descriptions of methodology research. Chapter IV explains the data analysis, which has been collected from OneHallyu online forum. Chapter V is dealing with conclusion and suggestion.

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CHAPTER II

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

Chapter II describes the theoretical framework that consists of the definition of question sentences, pattern of question sentences, and the definition of OneHallyu Online Forum.

A. QUESTION SENTENCES

1. The Definition of Question Sentences

Downing (2015: 114) said that general types of speech act are very basic; most of the languages have ways of representing them by means of the grammar. These are statements, questions, exclamations and directives. These basic speech acts are encoded in the grammar in the system of clause types or moods, as shown in the diagram below.

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8 In interrogative clauses, the finite verb precedes the subject, the rest remaining the same. When no operator is already available in the clause, a form of do (do, does, did) is brought in as a dummy operator. The functions of the operators that interest us here are, first, that they signal by position that the clause is interrogative, and second, they carry polarity, that is, they are either positive or negative. This positive–negative contrast is an essential semantic feature associated with finiteness. In order to be affirmed or denied, a proposition has to be either positive or negative.

Oxford learner’s pocket dictionary (2000:351) define that question (noun) is a sentence or phrase that asks for information. Downing state in her book English Grammar: A University Course Third Edition (2015:137) that questions typically seek information from the hearer that the speaker does not know.

Merriam Webster online dictionary (2016) describe that question (noun) is an interrogative sentence or clause often used to test knowledge. Cambridge Online dictionary define that question is anything we write or say which requires a response. In writing, questions are usually followed by a question mark.

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9 question is being reported, it ends with period rather than question mark. (Jean & Emily, 2001: 89-90)

Downing (2015:120) state that interrogative clauses typically occur in interpersonal situations and their direct speech-act function is to ask for information. There are two main types of interrogative, the yes/no type and the wh-type.

2. Structure of Question Sentences

a) Yes/No Question

Azhar define in her book (2003:121) that a yes/no questions is a

questions that can be answered by “yes” or “no” or their equivalent. In

the yes/no type it is only the polarity that is in question. The speaker asks for confirmation or denial of the clause content, to be expressed by yes or no. (Angela Downing, 2015:120)

Figure 2.2 Positive Pattern

Figure 2.3 Negative Pattern

In short, auxiliary verb followed by the subject then verb is the basic pattern for yes/no question sentence. For negative pattern, we add not after the auxiliary verb.

NEGATIVE PATTERN

Auxiliary Verb/Modal + Not + S + Verb

POSITIVE PATTERN

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Table 2.1 Yes/No Questions examples

b) Information (wh-) Question

Azhar defines in her book (2003:123), information questions are question that asks for information by using questions words: where, negative pattern, it use auxiliary verb followed by not.

Figure 2.4 Information Question First Type

Second is if the sentence in question is the object, auxiliary be is required. For negative pattern, add not after the auxiliary verb.

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11 Figure 2.5 Information Question Second Type

Questions

Words Questions Answer Explanation When When did they

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B. OneHallyu Online Forum

Figure 2.6. : OneHallyu front page

Today, it is near impossible to find a sole provider of information for all facets of the Asian entertainment industry. There are often too many news outlets, yet no consolidated source; too many speculations, yet no solid discussion. OneHallyu solves all these issues simultaneously: A steady stream of information for fans provided by fans. Founded upon the value of cohesiveness, they strive to be the sole provider in an oft-divided entertainment industry for newer or older fans.

Often new fans become lost within a fandom, unable to express his or

her voice. Or, it’s difficult to express their love for multiple groups, while

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15 Figure 2.7. : OneHallyu Logo

The founder believes, community is best seen when they stand firm as one. All things must come to an end, yet all ends have vibrant new beginnings. Still, the thing that remains consistent through all this is that the fans have one

other. The “O” in their logo is symbolic of the wholeness formed when each

new beginning is founded upon another’s end. When it all comes together, we see the perfectness in the middle that is only achieved by staying strong and united, regardless of beginning or end.

The beauty of the Hallyu movement is that what makes the fans come together from all ends of the world to meet in the middle with a common interest. The Hallyu movement not only ushered in a new era of Asian Entertainment for all those interested, but also brought together like-minded individuals to celebrate and enthusiastically discuss this musical genre. Hallyu has since expanded outward to include all types of music from Asia, including

Japanese, Chinese, and other Asian entertainment media. The “H” in their logo

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16 With the members that come from all over the world and the stream of information that always added everyday, for easier use of this forum, they divide it to six sections: neighborhood, Korean entertainment, Japanese entertainment, Chinese entertainment, OneHallyu release and other.

Figure 2.8. : OneHallyu Neighborhood section

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17 Figure 2.9. : OneHallyu Korean Entertainment section

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18 Figure 2.10. : OneHallyu Releases section

There is three forums in OneHallyu release section, OneHallyu media that release weekly OneHallyu (WOH) videos and their subbing videos, OneHallyu lyrics that post the song lyrics and the translation, and OneHallyu

general translation that release the translation from article, interview or other.

Figure 2.11. : OneHallyu Other section

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The type of this research is descriptive qualitative research. Quoting what Moleong (2008:6) states in his book, qualitative research is a research to comprehend phenomena of what is happen on the research subject holistically and by description in words and language form, in a certain natural context and use several scientific methods.

Kothari (2004:2) said descriptive research includes surveys and fact-finding enquiries of different kinds. The major purpose of descriptive research is description of the state of affairs as it exists at present. The methods of research utilized in descriptive research are survey methods of all kinds, including comparative and correlational methods.

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21 where the aim is to discover the underlying motives of human behavior. Through such research, we can analyze the various factors which motivate people to behave in a particular manner or which make people like or dislike a particular thing.

Qualitative approach to research is concerned with subjective assessment of attitudes, opinions and behavior. Research in such a situation is a function of researcher’s insights and impressions. Generally, the techniques of focus group interviews, projective techniques and depth interviews are used.

Johnson said (2007: 2) qualitative research relies primarily on the collection of qualitative data, such as words, images or categories. “ Wide-angle” and “deep-angle” lens, examining the breadth and depth of phenomena to learn more about them.

B. Object of The Research

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C. Type of The Data

According to Kothari (2004:95) there are two types of data, primary and secondary. The primary data are those that are collected afresh and for the first time, and thus happen to be original in character. The secondary data, on the other hand, are those which have already been collected by someone else and which have already been passed through the statistical process. In this research, the writer use primary data.

D. Method of The Data Collection

According to Kothari (2004:96) researcher collect primary data during the course of doing experiments in an experimental research but in case the researcher do research of the descriptive type and perform surveys, then the researcher can obtain primary data either through observation or through direct communication with respondents in one form or another or through personal interviews.

There are several methods of collecting primary data, particularly in surveys and descriptive researches. Important ones are observation method, interview method, through questionnaires, through schedules, and other methods.

1. Observation Method

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23 when it serves a formulated research purpose, is systematically planned and recorded and is subjected to checks and controls on validity and reliability. Under the observation method, the information is sought by way of investigator’s own direct observation without asking from the respondent.

According to Cohen (2007:396) observation as a research process is that it offers an investigator the opportunity to gather

‘live’ data from naturally occurring social situations. In this way, the

researcher can look directly at what is taking place in situ rather than relying on second-hand accounts.

According to Johnson (2007:10) in observation, the researcher observes participants in natural and/or structured environments. It can be carried out in two types of environments, laboratory observation, which is done in a lab set up by the

researcher, and naturalistic observation, which is done in real-world settings.

There are two important forms of observation: quantitative observation and qualitative observation.

a) Quantitative Observation

Quantitative observation involves standardization procedures, and it produces quantitative data.

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24 - What is observed.

- When the observations are to take place. - Where the observations are to take place. - How the observations are to take place.

2) Standardized instruments 3) Sampling procedures b) Qualitative Observation

Qualitative observation is exploratory and open- ended, and the researcher takes extensive field notes. The qualitative observer may take on four different roles that make up a continuum:

1) Complete participant (i.e., becoming a full member of the group and not informing the participants that you are studying them).

2) Participant-as-Observer (i.e., spending extensive time "inside" and informing the participants that you are studying them).

3) Observer-as-Participant (i.e., spending a limited amount of time "inside" and informing them that you are studying them).

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25 In this research, the observation carried out in natural observations and in the form of qualitative observation. The writer become a complete participant in OneHallyu community. The content analysis after the printed contents of Celebrity News and Gossip forum in OneHallyu community is in simple level, according to content-analysis method by Kothari.

E. Method of Data Analysis

According to Cohen (2007:461) qualitative data analysis involves organizing, accounting for and explaining the data; in short, making sense

of data in terms of the participants’ definitions of the situation, noting

patterns, themes, categories and regularities. A grounded theory and content analysis will proceed through a systematic series of analyses, including coding and categorization, until theory emerges that explains the phenomena being studied or which can be used for predictive purposes.

According to Cohen (2007:475) content analysis simply defines the process of summarizing and reporting written data – the main contents of data and their messages. It defines a strict and systematic set of procedures for the rigorous analysis, examination and verification of the contents of written data (Flick 1998: 192; Mayring 2004:266).

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26 categories, and then counts and logs the occurrences of words, codes and categories. From here, statistical analysis and quantitative methods are applied, leading to an interpretation of the results. Put simply, content analysis involves coding, categorizing (creating meaningful categories into which the units of analysis – words, phrases, sentences etc. – can be placed), comparing (categories and making links between them), and concluding – drawing theoretical conclusions from the text. The whole process of content analysis can follow eleven steps.

In this research, the writer use content analysis to analyze the collected data. The following steps are below:

1. The writer extract the sentence that already been collect by taken picture of each pages that contain interrogative sentence that the member posting.

2. There are two category of interrogative sentence that the writer intend to analyze, the writer use code A and B for each category that have been found. Then the writer divided the data according to the category of interrogative sentence.

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27 becomes the determiner of the research. The key point in this method is the part language itself, like word, syntactic function, clause, etc. The writer used Agih method (Distributional method) to analyze the structure of interrogative sentence. The writer use teknik balik to analyze the sentence, because according to Sudaryanto (2015:91) teknik balik is the word movement process that does not change the original information from the sentence.

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CHAPTER IV

DATA ANALYSIS

In this chapter, the writer presents the data collections that will be described and the result of the data analysis.

A. Data Presentasion

In this research, from May 2013 to June 2013 the writer found 74 patterns of question sentences used by the members of OneHallyu. The writer extract the sentence that already been collect by taken picture of each pages that contain interrogative sentence that the member posting.

There are two category of interrogative sentence that the writer intend to analyze, the writer use code A and B for each category that have been found. Then the writer divided the data according to the category of interrogative sentence. There are 33 pattern of yes/no question and 41 patterns of information questions. The data found in this research are as follows:

Table 4.1.: Interrogative Sentence Classification

No Types of Interrogative Sentence Coding Number

1. Yes/No Question A1 – A33

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29 Table 4.2.: Yes/No Question

NO PATTERN THE DATA CODE

1

Yes/No

Question Do you think Siwon should be in Korea for Yesung's enlistment? A1

2 Did Tiffany confirm a SNSD solo show in LA? A2

3 Do you think kpop idols read comments about

themselves? A3

8 Question Yes/No Do you agree that it's JYP's fault that Wonder

Girls are having hard times now? A8

9 IS YOUR BIAS TAINT-FREE? A9

10 Do you think there is bullying in other groups? A10

11 Does domestic popularity reflect on international

popularity? A11

12 Is Suzy more popular than IU? A12

13 Did Naeun Get A Nose Job? A13

14 Is she prettier than the media play? A14

15 Is EXO doing well because of fans or General

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30 16 Yes/No

Question Do you think JYJ need a comeback as 3 soon? A16 17 Do you think that they look like twins? A17

18 Can I get a translation for this CHOCOLAT

COMEBACK article please? A18 19 Is the industry suffering from a shortage of young

actresses? A19

20 Do Idols Ever Hang With Actors? A20

21 Is this the only version of the album? A21

22 Is f(x) underpromoted or It's just they are still

uncapable? A22

23 Is this gif relevant to the current K-pop scene? A23

24 Is f(x) a side project for the 5 girls? A24

25 Yes/No Question

Was Henry given a solo because Chinese

agencies were trying to scout him? A25

26

Can Baek A Yeon take on the title of "Nation's Little Sister" alongside artists such as IU and Park Bo Young?

A26

27 Have Kim Tae Hee, Lee Min Jung, and Son Ye

Jin lost their top star effect? A27 28 Can Kim Soo Hyun become the 'post Won Bin'? A28

29 Is CUBE Making A Huge Mistake w/ 4Minute's

Comeback? A29

30 Is BoA's Make Your Move actually coming out

next month? A30

31 Am i the only one who thinks Minho is perfect

with Naeun? A31

32 Did SNSD improve? A32

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31 Table 4.3.: Information (Wh-) Question Result

NO PATTERN THE DATA CODE

1

Information (Wh-) Question

What do you think that CUBE is going to similar

route as SME on the comeback schedule? B1

2 Why didn't SM maximize the potential in Yuri's

voice?? B2

3 What is is about Siwon that draws Western

attention? B3

4 Which idols share the same birth year as you? B4

5 Why should t-ara 'just disband' because of 1

scandal? B5

6 Why do INTL fans have such a big boner for

Park Shin Hye? B6

7 Why do people think that visual members are

useless? B7

8 How do you think Sohee feels about suzy? B8

9 What company has Andrew Choi signed with? B9

10 What face work has Jun.K had? B10

11 Which group has the biggest bandwagon haters B11

12 Who is usually considered the 'ugly one' of your

bias group? B12

13 How do you all feel about Akdong Musician

joining YGE? B13

14 Who does Hyori consider her rival? B14

15 Why doesn't Junhyung have an acting

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21 What do you think of this rumored comeback

list? B21

22 What do you think is Taeyeon hinting about? B22

23 Why is there no YoonA ? B23

24 What does Kim Gura's return mean for Kyuhyun

on 'Radio Star'? B24

25 What happened to Dalmatian/DMTN and to that

one member? B25

26 Pann] How much were actors paid for their

dramas? Yoona makes the list! B26

27 Why does B2ST barely (or never) get hate from

netizens? B27

28 Why do idols leave their groups? B28

29 What was the purpose of f(x)? B29

30 Why do people think YoonA is self-centered? B30

31 Why Are Music Shows So Rude? B31

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33 33

Information (Wh-) Question

How do you feel when idols get sick/develop

diseases because of their tough schedule? B33

34 Which group (and fans too I guess) does the most

philanthropy work and charity? B34

35 Who do you think is bigger outside of Korea and

Japan? B35

36 How much did the JYP artists make this year? B36

37 How Come He Never Manipulates For His Own

Groups? B37

38 What's next for Wonder Generation? B38

39 What should 15& do once their b-days come? B39

40 Why Are K-pop Concerts Being Cancelled or

Postponed? B40

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34

B. Data Analysis

The writer will analyze the pattern of question sentence that found in OneHallyu Celebrities News and Gossip from May 2013 to June 2013.

1. Yes/No Questions

Figure 4.1. Positive Pattern

Figure 4.2. Negative Pattern

Auxiliary verb followed by the subject then verb is the basic pattern for yes/no question sentence. For negative pattern, we add not after the auxiliary verb. In the yes/no type it is only the polarity that is in question. The speaker asks for confirmation or denial of the clause content, to be expressed by yes or no. (Angela Downing, 2015:120) a. Do you think Siwon should be in Korea for Yesung's enlistment?

(A1)

Do you think Siwon should be in Korea for Yesung's enlistment ?

Aux verb S V1 The rest of the sentence P

Code A1 is positive pattern of yes/no question sentence. It compose by auxiliary do follow by subject you, then the verb 1 of think and follow by the rest of the sentence and punctuation mark.

NEGATIVE PATTERN

Auxiliary Verb/Modal + Not + S + Verb + O

POSITIVE PATTERN

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35 With do as auxiliary and think as verb, in the form of verb 1 here, the tenses of A1 is simple present tense. It means that the member who post this asking other members opinion about Siwon that happening at the same time as the posting.

b. Did Tiffany confirm a SNSD solo show in LA? (A2)

Did Tiffany confirm a SNSD solo show in LA ?

Aux verb S V1 The rest of the sentence P

As the positive pattern of yes/no question, code A2, indicated by auxiliary did, subject Tiffany, verb of confirm and the rest of the sentence. Auxiliary did follow by verb 1 of confirm indicate that the object already happen in the past. It means that the member who post it want to know that what he is asking is true or not.

c. Would like if TVXQ and JYJ went to each others concerts or events? (A5)

would like if TVXQ and JYJ went to each

others concerts or events ? Modal

Aux S V1 The rest of the sentence P

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36 member who post it want to know the other member agreement about TVXQ and JYJ attending each other concert in the past. d. Are SM/UMJ managing SNSD well? (A6)

Are SM/UMJ managing SNSD well ?

Aux verb S Ving The rest of the sentence P

The question above is positive pattern of yes/no question. It compose by auxiliary are follow by subject SM/UMJ, then the verb

–ing of manage and follow by the rest of the sentence. Auxiliary are

and verb-ing of manage indicate that the object is currently happening and the member who asking want to know the other member opinion.

e. Do you agree that it's JYP's fault that Wonder Girls are having hard times now? (A8)

do you agree that it's JYP's fault that Wonder Girls

are having hard times now ? Aux

verb S V1 The rest of the sentence P

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37 f. Did Naeun Get A Nose Job? (A13)

did Naeun get A nose job ?

Aux verb S V1 The rest of the sentence P

The sentence above is positive pattern of yes/no questions. It is consists of auxiliary verb did follow by Naeun as subject, then verb one of get and the rest of the sentences. Auxiliary did and verb one of get indicate that the object already happen in the past and the member want to confirm the news.

g. Can I get a translation for this CHOCOLAT COMEBACK article please? (A18)

can I get a translation for this CHOCOLAT COMEBACK article please ? Modal Aux S V1 The rest of the sentence P

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38 h. Was Henry given a solo because Chinese agencies were trying to

scout him? (A25)

was henry given Was Henry given a solo because Chinese agencies were trying to scout him ? Aux

verb S V3 The rest of the sentence P The sentence above is positive pattern of yes/no question. It construct from auxiliary verb of was follow by subject Henry, then given as main verb and the rest of sentence, last is punctuation mark.

Was as auxiliary verb followed by third verb of give, it means that

the object the member asking already happen in the past.

i. Can Baek A Yeon take on the title of "Nation's Little Sister" alongside artists such as IU and Park Bo Young? (A26)

can Baek A

Yeon take

on the title of "Nation's Little Sister" alongside artists such as IU and Park Bo

Young

? Modal

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39 j. Have Kim Tae Hee, Lee Min Jung, and Son Ye Jin lost their top star

effect? (A27)

have Kim Tae Hee, Lee Min

Jung, and Son Ye Jin lost their top star effect ? Aux verb S V3 The rest of the sentence P

The sentence above os positive sentence of yes/no question. It construct by auxiliary verb have, Kim Tae Hee, Lee Min Jung, and Son Ye Jin as subjects, followed by lost as verb 3, the rest of the sentence and punctuation mark. With have as auxiliary verb followed by lost as verb3, it mean that the member asking about the subject current condition nowdays compare to the past.

k. Is CUBE Making A Huge Mistake w/ 4Minute's Comeback? (A29)

is CUBE making A Huge Mistake w/ 4Minute's

Comeback ?

Aux

verb S Ving The rest of the sentence P

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40

2. Information (wh-) Questions

There is two pattern of information questions, first is if the sentence in question is the subject, auxiliary be is not required. For negative pattern, it use auxiliary verb followed by not.

Figure 4.3 Information Question First Type

Second is if the sentence in question is the object, auxiliary be is required. For negative pattern, add not after the auxiliary verb

Figure 4.4. Information Question Second Type

a. Information Question First Type (Wh-words + MainVerb)

1) Which idols share the same birth year as you? (B4)

Which idol share the same birth year as you ?

Wh-words V The rest of the sentence P

The sentence above consist of wh-word which as subject in question followed by verb of share, the rest of the sentence and punctuation mark. With wh-word which directly followed by verb of share, it means that the member ask the other member to choose one or more idol that have the same birth year.

Wh- words + auxiliary verb/modal + Subject + Main Verb

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41 2) Which group has the biggest bandwagon haters? (B11)

Which group has the biggest bandwagon haters ?

Wh-words V The rest of the sentence P

The sentence above constructed by which group as the subject in question, has as main verb, the rest of the sentence and punctuation mark. It means that the member ask the other member to choose one group that have the biggest bandwagon haters.

3) What happened to Dalmatian/DMTN and to that one member? (B25)

what happened to Dalmatian/DMTN and to that

one member ?

Wh-words V The rest of the sentence P

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42 4) Which group (and fans too I guess) does the most philanthropy

work and charity? (B34)

Which group does the most philanthropy work and

charity ?

Wh-words V The rest of the sentence P

The sentence above constructed by which group/fans as subject in question, does as verb, the rest of the sentence and punctuation mark. It mean that the member ask the other member to choose between groups that do the most phhilanthrophy work and charity.

5) what happened to Taeyeon? (B41)

what happened to Taeyeon ?

Wh-words V The rest of the sentence P

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43

b. Information Question Second Type (Wh- words + auxiliary

verb/modal + Subject + Main Verb)

1) Why didn't SM maximize the potential in Yuri's voice? (B2)

why Didn’t SM maximize the potential in Yuri's voice ? and not as auxiliary verb, SM as subject, maximize as main verb, the rest of the sentence and punctuation. It means that the

member ask about the reason in increasing the potential of Yuri’s

voice.

2) How do you think Sohee feels about suzy? (B8)

How do you think Sohee feels about

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44

The sentence above constructed by wh-word where, do as auxiliary verb, rumor as subject, like as main verb, the rest of the sentence and punctuation mark. It mean that the member ask about the source of the rumor come from.

4) What does Kim Gura's return mean for Kyuhyun on 'Radio Star'? (B24)

The sentence above constructed by wh-word what, does

as auxiliary verb, Kim Gura’s return as subject, mean as main

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45 5) Why do idols leave their groups? (B28)

Why do idols leave Their groups ?

Wh-words

Aux

Verb S Main V

The rest of the sentence P

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46

C. The Dominant Pattern of Question Sentence

After the analysis of the pattern of question sentences in OneHallyu Celebrities News and Gossip forum, from 33 data of yes/no question sentence, the writer found 1 negative pattern of yes/no question sentence and 32 positive pattern of yes/no question sentence. For information question from 41 result data, the writer found 9 first pattern and 32 second pattern of information question. The result above indicate that the dominat pattern in OneHallyu Celebrities News and Gossip is the pattern of information second form. Eventhough the positive pattern of yes/no question have the same result, 32 pattern, the information question is more dominat with the 41 result data found.

The 32 second pattern of information question that are mark with the code B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B8, B9, B10, B13, B15, B16, B17, B18, B20, B21, B22, B23, B24, B, 26, B27, B28, B29, B30, B31, B32, B33, B36, B37, B38, B39 and B40.

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47

CHAPTER V

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

The last chapter of the graduating paper is the conclusion of the previous chapter and suggestion. Conclusion is the description of the findings in some shorter sentences. Suggestion is served to give more recommendations due to the research.

A. Conclusion

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48

B. Suggestion

Hopefully the research about the pattern of question sentences in OneHallyu online forum can be used as the additional references to further

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49

REFERENCES

A.J. Thomson & A.V. Martinet. 1986. A Practical English Grammar 4th edition. Oxford University Press.

Azar, Betty Schrampfer. 2003. Fundamental of English Grammar Third Edition. Longman. USA.

C.R. Kothari. 2004. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Age International (P) Limited Publisher.

Cohen, Louis. 2007. Research Method in Education Sixth Edition. Routledge. Downing, Angela. 2015. English Grammar: A University Course Third Edition.

Routledge: London and New York.

Eastwood, John. 2008. New Oxford Learner’s Pocket Grammar. Oxford University Press.

FEC Team & Wijaya. Fitrah Book: Speech, Grammar, Exercise. Fitrah Book. Gelderen, Elly Van. 2010. An Introduction to The Grammar of English Revised

Edition. John Benjamin publishing Company: Amsterdam/Philadelphia.

Johnson, Robert Burke & Larry B. Christensen. 2007. Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Approaches Third Edition. Sage Publications.

Prastowo, Panca. 2010. The Handbook of TOEFL. DIVA Press.

Sudaryanto. 2015. Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Sanata Dharma University press: Yogyakarta.

Swan, Michael. 1996. Practical English Usage 2nd edition. Oxford University

Press.

http://dictionary.cambridge.org (retrieved on Wednesday, August 10th 2016) http://grammarabout.com/od/rs/fl/sentence-structure.htm (retrieved on Monday,

September 19th 2016)

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50 http://writingexplained.org/english-abbreviations/international (retrieved at

Monday, September 19th 2016)

http://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/questioning.html (retrieved on Friday, August 12th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15%26 (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4Minute (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beast_(South_Korean_band) (retrieved at Monday,

September 19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BoA (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cube_Entertainment (retrieved at Monday,

September 19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exo_(band) (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F(x)_(band) (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girls%27_Generation (retrieved at Monday,

September 19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangul (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IU_(singer) (retrieved at Monday, September 19th

2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jun._K (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JYJ (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Wave (retrieved at Monday, September 19th

2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-pop (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MBLAQ (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Park_Jin-young (retrieved at Monday, September

19th 2016)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S.M._Entertainment (retrieved at Monday,

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51 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-ara (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TVXQ (retrieved at Monday, September 19th 2016) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YG_Entertainment (retrieved at Monday, September

19th 2016)

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52

APPENDIXES

SCREEN CAPTURE CODE A30 YES/NO QUESTION

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53

SCREEN CAPTURE CODE A22 YES/NO QUESTION

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54 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE A24 YES/NO QUESTION

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55 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE A5 YES/NO QUESTION

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56 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE A7 YES/NO QUESTION

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57 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE B2 INFORMATION (WH) QUESTION

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58 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE B4 INFORMATION (WH) QUESTION

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59 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE B6 INFORMATION (WH) QUESTION

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61 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE B28 INFORMATION (WH) QUESTION

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62 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE B30 INFORMATION (WH) QUESTION

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63 SCREEN CAPTURE CODE B32 INFORMATION (WH) QUESTION

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64

CURRICULUM VITAE

Name : Ulya Hikmawati

Place and Date of Birth : Salatiga, October 10th 1990

Address : Ngaglik RT 03 RW 02 Ledok Argomulyo

Salatiga 50732

Faculty : Teacher Training and Education Faculty

Department : English Education Department

Phone : +62 822-2110-6598

E-mail : ulya.hikmawati@live.com

Educational Background :

1. SD Negeri Ledok 1 Graduated in 2002

2. MTs Islam Al-Mukmin Ngruki Graduated in 2005

Figur

Figure 2.1 Clause Type

Figure 2.1

Clause Type p.24
Figure 2.2 Positive Pattern

Figure 2.2

Positive Pattern p.26
Table 2.1 Yes/No Questions examples

Table 2.1

Yes/No Questions examples p.27
Figure 2.5 Information Question Second Type

Figure 2.5

Information Question Second Type p.28
Table 2.2: Wh- words

Table 2.2:

Wh- words p.30
Figure 2.6. : OneHallyu front page

Figure 2.6. :

OneHallyu front page p.31
Figure 2.7. : OneHallyu Logo

Figure 2.7. :

OneHallyu Logo p.32
Figure 2.8. : OneHallyu Neighborhood section

Figure 2.8. :

OneHallyu Neighborhood section p.33
Figure 2.9. : OneHallyu Korean Entertainment section

Figure 2.9. :

OneHallyu Korean Entertainment section p.34
Figure 2.10. : OneHallyu Releases section

Figure 2.10. :

OneHallyu Releases section p.35
Figure 2.11. : OneHallyu Other section

Figure 2.11. :

OneHallyu Other section p.35
Table 4.1.: Interrogative Sentence Classification

Table 4.1.:

Interrogative Sentence Classification p.45
Table 4.2.: Yes/No Question

Table 4.2.:

Yes/No Question p.46
Table 4.3.: Information (Wh-) Question Result

Table 4.3.:

Information (Wh-) Question Result p.48
Figure 4.1. Positive Pattern

Figure 4.1.

Positive Pattern p.51

Referensi

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