A DEIXIS ANALYSIS OF SONG LYRICS
DAVID ARCULETHA ALBUM
Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education
in English Department
A 320 050 035
SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
MUHAMMADYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA
A. Background of the Study
Human’s being living in society always needs to communicate with
other people. Communication represents the vital and elementary social
process in human life. According to Yoder in Moekijat (1993:1),
“communication is the interchange of information, ideas, attitudes, thought
People use language as a means of communication in the forms of
sound in structure. It is reasonable why language is interesting to analyze.
Using language is really producing sound in sequences which form groups of
words, both in spoken language or written language and gesture.
Now day’s people are easy and like to show their feeling by writing
the song. Song is another way to communicate people’s feeling to someone
else that is through lyrics. Lyrics is not only the arrangement of words into
sentences but also representation of the composers emotion to describe the
feelings, such as falling in love, sad, happy, jealous, broken heart, missing
someone, and others. Every lyric consist of words or sentences which have
different grammatical functions and song lyrics could be said as part of
discourse. Nunan (1993: 5) states that
Discourse is a continuous stretch of (especially spoken) language larger than sentence, often constituting a coherent
unit, such as a sermon, argument, joke or narrative. Discourse analysis is the functional analysis of discourse.
In another page as stated by Nunan (1993: 20) “discourse analysis also
studies these texts forming devices”. Brown (1983: 1) states that “The analysis
of discourse is necessary, the analysis of language in use”
In short, discourse is more than a message from a sender to a receiver
and a reader or listener is much more than just receiver who decodes incoming
signal (Renkema, 1993: 34).
In this research, the writer uses pragmatics approach. While Yule
(1996: 3) “sates that pragmatics is study of speaker meaning”. This means that
pragmatics is concerned with the study of meaning as communicated by a
speaker and interpreted by a listener.
The study of pragmatics is concerned with many principles to make
sense of what somebody hear and read. Pragmatics focuses a study like
deictic, reference, entailment, and speech act and so on. And in this research,
the writer wants to analyze the kinds of deictic analysis of song lyrics in David
Archuleta Album and also the meaning of deixis of song lyrics in David
In this study, the researcher analyzes song in David Archuleta Album.
The researcher tries to analyze the deictic of song lyrics in David Archuleta
Album, because many of people are interested in this album, especially from
woman teenagers. Beside this album is good to listen, the singer is a handsome
and friendly man.
Based on phenomenon above, the writer is interested in the conducting
Basically, song lyrics could be said as a part of discourse. So the
researcher will do an analysis entitle A Deixis Analysis of Song Lyrics in
David Archuleta Album.
B . Previous Study
The researcher wants to present the previous researches that deal
especially with Discourse Analysis. The pr evious research was done by
Hasanah, (UMS, 2006) entitled The Use of Deixis in Gladiator Movie’s
Manuscript. The results of this research are to find deixis devices and clarify
the meaning of deixis devices that be used in movie’s manuscript. The
researche r uses movie’s manuscript as the data and clarifies deixis devices
based on pragmatics meaning.
Another previous research was written by Handayani, (UMS, 2002).
Her thesis entitled A Discourse Analysis of Your Letters in the Jakarta Post
Newspaper. The researcher has the aim to find elements of discourse in
newspaper and also find deixis devices which used in discourse Your Letters
used in the Jakarta Post Newspaper.
In this research, the researcher has similar focus, it is to find deixis
devices and the meaning of deixis devices but the researcher uses song lyrics
C. Problem Statement
Based on the consideration in the background, the writer formulates the
problems of the research are mentioned bellows:
1. What are the kinds of deictic devices of song lyrics which are used in
David Archuleta Album?
2. What are the meanings of deixis of the song lyrics in the David Archuleta
D. Objective of the Study
Based on the problem statement mentioned above the researcher has
the following objectives:
1. to identify the kinds of deictic devices of song lyrics as discourse in the
David Archuleta Album.
2. to examine the meanings of deixis of the song lyrics in the David
E. Limitation of the Study
The writer has limitation in the analyzing the discourse of song lyrics
in the David Archuleta Album. This study is intended to help the readers
comprehend the discourse analysis of song lyrics.
F. Benefit of the Study
The researcher hopes that this research on deictic of song lyrics in David
1. Academic Benefit
This study gives contribution to discourse study especially in deictic
2. Practical Benefit
This research helps readers to get more knowledge or information
about discourse toward the deictic analysis.
Besides, this research can be used to add reference to other researcher
in analyzing of deictic.
G. Paper Organization
The organization of research is given in order to make the readers
understand the content of the paper.
Chapter I is Introduction, which consists of background of the study,
previous study, problem statement, objective of the study, limitation of the
study, and benefit of the study and paper organization.
The underlying theory is in the second chapter. It deals with notion of
song, the notion of discourse analysis, types of discourse, the notion of
pragmatics, and the notion of deictic.
Chapter III is research method. It consists of type of research, object of
research, data and the data source, method of data collection, and technique of
Chapter IV is research result and discussion. In this chapter the researcher
presents the kinds of deixis and the meanings of deixis of the song in David