Combinations of these two factors were tested on two environments, without and with liming. Results revealed that soil acidity, poor P, K, Ca, and Mg, and high aluminum saturation became limiting factors for soybean growth and yield in swamp land of type C in South Kalimantan. Amelioration using 2.5 t/ha manure, liming with dolomite equivalent to 20% of Al saturation, and NPKfertilizer at dose of 45 kg N - 72 kg K 2 O – 60 kg P 2 O 5 /ha improved soil properties and soybean growth, and increase productivity to
Donggala is one of corn producer regencies in Central Sulawesi province supported by suitable climatic factors, regional potency and society aspect. Since 2001, the government has promoted GemaPalagung program (Movement of Rice, Soybean and Corn Self-Reliance). This program was evidently effective as shown by increasing in corn production, although it has yet to meet the domestic need of corn which is then lead to corn import (Purwono and Hartono, 2008). This indicates that efforts to increase corn production are still necessary (Ekowati and Nasir, 2011). One effort to increase production is by fertilization, especially by minimizing the use of chemical fertilizers (inorganic) that have a negative impact. Waste of processed sago known as elasaguis an organic material with high C/N ratio potentially to be used as an organic fertilizer through decomposition process. This research aimed at obtaining balanced elasagu organic fertilizer application and its efficiency when use in corn plantation. A randomized block design was used with five rate applications of the elasagu fertilizer i.e. no fertilizer applied (control), 35 g NPKfertilizer applied, 0.7 kg elasagu applied, 0.35 kg ela sagu+50 g NPKfertilizer applied, and 0.7 kg ela sagu+35 g NPKfertilizer applied. The research results showed that the 0.7 kg ela sagu+35 g NPKfertilizer treatment leads to highest in plant height, leaf number, and plant dry weight.
Main nursery is the first step affecting oil palm’s age and productivity. Good plant growth will produce high quality and yield of oil palm. The demand of oil palm seedlings for extensification and replantation increases continuously, and therefore this need to be supported by precise fertilization programs. The objectives of this experiment were to investigate the role of organic fertilizer and to obtain the best organic-NPKfertilizer combination in increasing the effectiveness of the use of NPKfertilizer for the growth of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) seedling in the main nursery. The experiment was conducted from December 2011 to September 2012 at IPB Teaching Farm Dramaga Bogor. The treatment was arranged in a factorial randomized block design with three replications. The first factor was amount of organic fertilizer consisted of 0:6, 1:6, 2:6, and 3:6 of the soil volume (6 kg). The second factor was NPKfertilizer rates, i.e., 0.0, 127.5, 255, and 382.5 g NPK per plant. The results showed that application of organic fertilizer increased the effectiveness of NPKfertilizer and could be a substitute for NPKfertilizer in oil palm seedlings. The best combination treatment was 2:6 (organic fertilizer:top soil) and 382.5 NPK g per plant with effectiveness of 158.9, 209.1 and 170.1 % for plant height, leaf number and stem diameter, respectively. The efficiency of N, P, and K application were 56.2, 11.1, and 29.0% for the same variables, respectively. Based on morphological variables, recommended rate of an NPK compound fertilizer 15-15-15 was in the range of 396.05 g per seedling for eight months. Recommended NPK were 7.00, 12.59, 37.58, 56.41, 36.74, 87.00, 86.60, and 72.97 g per seedling for first to eighth months, respectively.
The aim of this research was to know the effect of ethrel and NPKfertilizer application interactionally and individually on production of Melon. The research used completely randomized design which consisted of 2 factors. The R factor (using ethrel) consisted of 4 levels and N (using NPKfertilizer) was also 4 levels with three replications and the total was 48 plots. The observated parameters were flowering age, harvested age, circle fruit, fruit weight, production per plot, and fruit taste quality. The observation data for each treatment was analyzed statistically and was done advanced different test with 5% significant level. Interactionally, the ethrel and NPK applications had only a significant effect on circle fruit with the best treatment of R2N1 (ethrel concentration of 5 cc/l and NPK of 10 g/plant). The ethrel application had only a significant effect on flowering age, harvested age, and fruit weight with the best treatment of R2 (5 cc/l). NPK application only affected significantly on flowering age and fruit weight with the best treatment of N1 (10 g/plant).
Food is the most essential basic human need for a country's population. Therefore, the State must carry out food sovereignty and seek the fulfillment of food needs for the population. However, in the application of the concept has not been implemented properly, especially concerning in terms of sustainable agriculture system sustainable. The difficult cause of reaching this food sovereignty is the increasing of land which its quality decrease as result of activity in agriculture cultivation intensively. One of the innovations to deal with the problem is to combine the use of artificial fertilizer with organic fertilizer from waste palm shells converted into biochar with NPKfertilizer to meet the nutrient deficiency in agricultural land and increased production. Biochar is considered to be a bioamelioran carrier with an aggregate ingredient active ingredient. Bio-char has an advantage in terms of total pore space and higher available water capacity. In its application to corn plant growth, The best growth of maize on Ultisol soils is obtained from the treatment of 100% single NPKfertilizer combined with 4.2 g of bioamelioran / plant. Meanwhile, a 100% single dose of NPKfertilizer combined with 2.1 g of bioamelioran / plant (112 kg/ha) resulted in higher dry corn kiln weights (+15.7%) when compared with 100% treatment of NPKfertilizer single course. The result is able to reduce the expenditure of farmers and able to improve the welfare of farmers Keyword: biochar, food sovereignty
This research aims to determine: 1) Determine the effect invigorasi by means of hydration-dehydration on seed sources that have been saved 8 months in influencing the viability of soybean seed varieties Ajasmoro. 2) Determine the effect of increasing doses of NPKfertilizer Supplementary during flowering are given on the plants from seed sources in invigorize by means of hydration- dehydration on seed viability of soybean varieties produce Anjasmoro. 3) To Know the plantsthat seed source response to hydration-dehydration in invigorize to increasing doses of NPK Supplementary at the time of flowering in soybean varieties anjasmoro produce seed viability. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Seed Technology Faculty of Agriculture, Lampung University in August to October 2009. The design of treatment trials in the field follow the pattern of the factorial (3 X 3); each treatment combination was replicated 3 times. The first factor is how the hydration-dehydration of control (H0), sticking (H1), and immersion (H2). The second factor is a supplementary dose of NPKfertilizer at the time of flowering of dosages of 0 kg / ha (P0), 75 kg / ha (P1), 100kg/ha (P2). The similarities range between treatments were tested with Bartlett test and subsequent tests used Tukey test model. Results obtained data were analyzed by F test planned and continued separation of the median value of the ratio of orthogonal level 0.05 and 0.01. The results showed that (1) hydration-dehydration treatment did not affect seed viability based on the simultaneity variable germinate and seedling dry weight of normal, (2) Provision of supplementary doses of NPKfertilizer did not affect seed viability response on simultaneity variable germinate and seedling dry weight of normal, (3 ) Without supplementary fertilizer, hydration-dehydration (sticking) is better in producing germination, germination speed, and length of germination than soaking while supplementary NPKfertilizer when given at doses 75-100 kg / ha in the way of hydration-dehydration (immersion) is better in producing germination, speed of germination, and seedling length than is moistened.
Applications NPKfertilizer tablets and the number of branches on the growth and yield of watermelon was conducted in March 2000 to May 2000 in the gardens of farmers Km 10 Sukarame District of Palembang, South Sumatra. Fertilization with NPK tablets can be applied in combination with cutting branches growing plants crammed trimming needs to be done, in order to improve the quality of production, especially plants that produce flowers, fruits and seeds . This study aimed to examine the effect of the application of NPKfertilizer tablets and the number of branches on the growth and yield of watermelon. This study used a randomized block design ( RAK ) arranged in factorial with two treatment factors , namely fertilizer treatment (P) and branch pruning treatment (C) were repeated 3 times, the varieties used are sea dragon. The LSD (0,05) showed that treatment P3 (6 tablets manure crop ) is the best treatment, significantly different to the treatments P2, P1 and P0. The LSD (0,05) the effect of the number of branches showed that treatment C2 (maintained 3 main branch) is the best treatment, significantly different from C3 treatment (maintained 4 main branches) and did not differ significantly with treatment C1 (maintained two main branches). For both treatment interaction effect P2C2 provide the best interaction significantly different from other treatments.
Reforestation and land rehabilitation should be implemented to reduce the impact of the forest degradation. Forest degradation due to illegal logging and forest fire led to an increased extent of degraded forest areas. In reforestation and land rehabilitation, healthy and good quality seedlings are required, in order to reach the expectations and growth in the field. One species of plant that have the potential to be developed for the rehabilitation of degraded land is white teak (Gmelina arborea). The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of media and NPKfertilizer dose on the growth of white teak seedlings. The method used is the experimental method with a completely randomized design (CRD), which consists of two factors. The first factor is the media and the second factor is the dosage of NPKfertilizer which consist of 9 combination treatments with 3 replications. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with further test BNT at 5% level. The results show that the use of media and dosage of NPK have a significant effect on the parameters observed. Treatment M 1 (soil)
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan residu dosis pupuk NPK (Phonska) yang berbeda pada tanaman tomat di Entisol Lombok Utara , yang dilaksanakan dalam dua tahap penelitian. Tahap pertama, kegiatan budidaya dilaksanakan mulai bulan Oktober 2017 sampai bulan Januari 2018. Penelitian tahap kedua dilakukan pengambilan sampel tanah dan analisis laboratorium mulai bulan Januari s/d bulan Maret 2018. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif. Uji N-total dilakukan dengan metode Kjeldhal (titrasi), uji P-total dan K-total dilakukan dengan metode Pengabuan Basah (Morgan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan residu kandungan unsur nitrogen (N) total yang berasal dari pupuk NPK (Phonska) dengan dosis 20 gram - 40 gram per petak (25 kg – 50 kg per hektar) ditambah dengan pupuk organik Bio-Extrim dan Organox berharkat sangat rendah (0,038% - 0,048%), residu kandungan unsur fosfor (P) total berharkat sangat tinggi (0,010% - 0,018%), residu kandungan unsur kalium (K) berharkat sangat tinggi (0,0294% - 0,0425%). Kata kunci : Residu, Pupuk NPK (PHONSKA), NPK Total Tanah, Entisol
using histograms and standard deviation. The results showed that the viability of soybean seed varieties Grobogan on five months storage age generally have shown a decreased of seed viability. Dissolve NPKfertilizer application better then the crushed NPKfertilizer application in maintaining seed viability based on all variables; germination, germination speed, simultaneity of germination, seedling dry weight, normal hypocotyl seedling length, and electrical
According to the guide book of PUTS, soil sampling conducted in a single composite of 5-8 samples represented to 3-5 ha of paddy fields that were more or less uniform. In this study soil samples were taken and tested singly represent a narrow unit area by dividing the area of 3000 m2 paddy field into 50 plots. Each plot was 10 x 6 m. Soil samples were taken from each plot prior rice planting. Plots locations were depicted on a map of the scale 1: 500. NPK soil test results in each plot were included in the map so the nutrient status will be displayed. This map is then used as a reference in estimating the needs of NPKfertilizer on any plots as recommended by Soil Research Institute.
The maximum dose of NPK is 200 kg/ha which is applied 2 times, 100 kg of basic fertilizer is given at the time of planting and 100 kg of fertilizer is given 20 days after planting. The average of NPKfertilizer used by farmer is 105.91 kg/ha. The addition of NPKfertilizer would reduce soybean productivityif it has reached maximum usage. This is according to research by Ernawanto (2012) which states that plant height affected by NPK fertilization/ Phonska at the age of 30 days or 60 days, but the addition of fertilizer above 100 kg/ ha had no signiicant to height. It is the same with NPK/ Phonska fertilizer that can increase soybean seeds production but the addition of fertilizer above 75kg/ ha will not show difference towards productivity. Fertilizer will increase of productivity if the fertilizer is already proper for its variety, dose, time, and the way of fertilization.
The experiment for crop rotation consisted of three planting seasons. It was done at Bener Village, Ngrampal District, Sragen Regency, began in June 2005 until July 2006. The treatment of field experiment in 1st planting season was using single factor arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design, repeated three times with block size 5 m x 45 m. This experiment consisted of 3 treatments, i.e. rice, soybean and groundnut. Rice field experiment in 2nd planting season was continued to 3rd planting season using Split Plot treatment, was arranged in RCBD and repeated 3 times with 5 m x 6 m square size. The main block of 2nd planting season rice field experiment was buried plant residue from 1st planting season field experiment. The main block of 3rd planting season rice field experiment was the legumes/rice residue from 1st planting season and rice residue from 2nd planting season. As Sub block there was organic and NPKfertilizer consisted of seven level of treatments, i.e. 1) without fertilizer; 2) Organic and NPKfertilizer with farmer dosage; 3) Organic and NPKfertilizer with optimum dosage; 4) Organic and NPKfertilizer with recommended dosage; 5) NPKfertilizer with farmer dosage; 6) NPKfertilizer with optimum dosage; and 7) NPKfertilizer with recommended dosage.
Soybean is an important food commodity after rice and maize in Indonesian human diet because of its high protein content. Application of organic and inorganic fertilizers can improve soil textures and increase crop productivity. Two kinds of organic fertilizers, Tithoganic and Beta, were applied to evaluate the effect on yield and quality of soybean grown on peaty acid sulphate land. Single field experiment using soybean variety of Anjasmoro arranged in completely randomized design was conducted in the Lamunti village, Central Kalimantan, during May-August 2009. The two organic fertilizers were applied with combination of NPK with dosage of 1, ¾, and ½. Treatment using full inorganic fertilizer was used as control. Parameters observed were number of pods per plant, weight of 100 seed, seed density, protein and fat content. The result showed that applicaion of NPKfertilizer combined with the organic matters increased some of parameters. Application of Beta combined with ¾ dosage of NPKfertilizer and Tithoganic combined with ½ dosage of NPK gave significant influence in number of seed per plant, seed weight per plant, weight of 100 seed, seed density, and the yield. Combination ¾ dosage of NPK with Beta and Tithoganic increased weight of 100 seed of 11.02 % and 14.33 %, respectively. While combination of ½ dosage of NPK with Beta and Tithoganic improved the yield of 39.82 % and 43.72 %, respectively. The same effect was detected for protein content. Combination of ¾ dosage of NPK with Beta and ½ dosage of NPK with Tithoganic increased the soybean protein content of 75 % and 56.45 %, respectively. Keywords: NPKfertilizer, Tithoganic and Beta organic matter, soybean, quality
Dengan ini saya menyatakan bahwa skripsi berjudul Efek Populasi Cacing Eisenia foetida Savigny, Kapur dan Pupuk NPK terhadap Aspek Kualitas Nutrisi dan Produktivitas Centrosema pubescens Benth pada Latosol Dramaga adalah benar karya saya dengan arahan dari komisi pembimbing dan belum diajukan dalam bentuk apa pun kepada perguruan tinggi mana pun. Sumber informasi yang berasal atau dikutip dari karya yang diterbitkan maupun tidak diterbitkan dari penulis lain telah disebutkan dalam teks dan dicantumkan dalam Daftar Pustaka di bagian akhir skripsi ini.
Dosis pupuk majemuk NPK tidak berpengaruh nyata pada semua parameter kecuali berpengaruh nyata pada berat buah perpetak, jumlah buah pertanaman serta berpengaruh sangat nyata pada berat brangkasan kering. Bobot buah perpetak tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan 150 kg/ha (F 2 ) yaitu 30,42 kg / petak, dan yang terendah pada perlakuan kontrol
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari kombinasi media tanam dan zat pengatur tumbuh (ZPT) yang sesuai untuk mendukung pertumbuhan PLB anggrek hasil silangan antara Phal. gigantea × Phal. violacea. Penelitian terdiri atas 2 percobaan. Percobaan 1 menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap faktorial dengan 2 faktor, yaitu media tanam dan ZPT. Media yang digunakan adalah media Knudson C (KC) 80% dan media NPK (18:18:18+EDTA) sedangkan ZPT yang dicobakan adalah tanpa penambahan ZPT, air kelapa, serta thidiazuron (TDZ)+benziladenin (BA). Percobaan 2 menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap 1 faktor yaitu subkultur pada media yang berbeda, diantaranya adalah KC 80% tanpa ZPT disubkultur ke KC 80% tanpa ZPT dan NPK (20:20:20) + vitamin + myoinositol; NPK (18-18-18+EDTA) tanpa ZPT disubkultur ke NPK (18- 18-18+EDTA) tanpa ZPT dan NPK (20:20:20) + vitamin + myoinositol; NPK (18:18:18+EDTA) + TDZ 0.5 ppm + BA 0.5 ppm disubkultur ke NPK (18:18:18+EDTA) + TDZ 0.5 ppm + BA 0.5 ppm dan NPK (20:20:20) + vitamin + myoinositol; KC 80% + air kelapa 100 ml, KC 80% + TDZ 0.5 ppm + BA 0.5 ppm dan NPK (18:18:18+EDTA) + air kelapa 100 ml disubkultur ke NPK (20:20:20) + vitamin + myoinositol. Hasil percobaan 1 menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan media terbaik untuk multiplikasi adalah media NPK (18:18:18+EDTA) karena mempunyai persentase multiplikasi lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan media KC 80% yaitu sebesar 25.72%. Perlakuan tanpa penambahan ZPT merupakan perlakuan terbaik untuk multiplikasi karena mempunyai persentase multiplikasi lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan perlakuan air kelapa maupun TDZ+BA yaitu sebesar 22.29%. Hasil percobaan 2 menunjukkan bahwa PLB yang semula berasal dari media NPK (18:18:18+EDTA) pada percobaan 1 tumbuh sangat baik pada media yang sama atau media NPK (20:20:20) + vitamin + myoinositol pada fase subkultur (percobaan 2) dengan persentase multiplikasi sebesar 36%.
Penentuan kadar kalium (K) dalam pupuk NPK dengan menggunakan metode spektrofotometri serapan atom (SSA) pada panjang gelombang 766,5 nm telah dilakukan. Dari hasil analisa dapat diketahui bahwa kadar kalium yang terkandung dalam pupuk NPK adalah 0.0886 ppm dan kadar K 2 O dalam pupuk NPK 5,33%
Pemberian pupuk NPK berpengaruh nyata meningkatkan tinggi tanaman, jumlah anakan, dan berat kering tanaman serta berpengaruh sangat nyata dalam meningkatkan berat gabah. Nilai tinggi tanaman, jumlah anakan, berat kering tanaman, dan berat gabah yang diaplikasi pupuk NPK lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan yang tanpa diaplikasi puppuk NPK. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa unsur Nitrogen, Phosfor dan Kalium sangat dibutuhkan untuk pertumbuhan tanaman. Hal ini juga diperkuat oleh pernyataan Arafah dan Sirappa (2003) yang menyatakan bahwa N merupakan salah satu faktor pembatas utama untuk produktivitas padi sawah. Dari nitogen tanah, sekitar 97-98 % berupa N-organik dan 2-3 % berupa N-anorganik . Produktivitas padi sawah lebih banyak ditentukan oleh kadar zat organik tanah. Dengan demikian, tanah-tanah yang berkadar bahan organik rendah perlu diupayakan tambahan pupuk NPK dari pupuk agar status hara NPK tanaman cukup untuk menopang produktivitas yang tinggi.
The availability of phosphorus (P) in soils can directly affect crop production (Williams et al. 2013; Oelkers and Valsami-Jones 2008; Lumbanraja 1995; Lumbanraja et al. 1982). Regardless of P is naturally present at high concentration in some soils, it is often a limiting nutrient factor due to the insoluble nature of most soil P compounds and the rapid formation of poorly available P after phosphorus fertilizer incorporation (Malik et al. 2012; Arai and Sparks 2007; Lumbanraja et al. 1994; Lindsay et al. 1989; Sparks 1989; Lumbanraja et al., 1981). Application of inorganic fertilizers can sufficiently supply P to crops (Reddy et al. 2005; Ayaga et al. 2006) and it is timely dependent (Vetterlein et al. 1999; van der Zee et al. 1988; van der Zee et al. 1986; Lumbanraja et al. 2017). This practice can saturate binding sites of P in soil particles and result in a reduction of the capability of the soil to retain P. In soil with low P retention potential, there is high release of P into soil solution, therefore the P could be available to crops (Manthambala et al. 2016). Such the degree of P saturation is a potential indicator of P release into soil solution, which does not only indicate that P is available for crops but might be also indicate P losses through leaching and erosion through runoff or drainage water (Kang et al. 2011; Allen et al. 2006; Casson et al. 2006).