Top PDF Fishery Acess to Coastal Resources in Mining Area

Fishery Acess to Coastal Resources in Mining Area

Fishery Acess to Coastal Resources in Mining Area

Undang-Undang Nomor 27 Tahun 2007 yang telah di- sahkan tersebut belum diimplementasikan di wilayah perairan Cilacap. Hal yang sama pun terjadi pada Undang- Undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2004. Kegiatan yang dapat dilakukan hingga saat ini adalah kegiatan yang berasaskan saling pengertian antara dua kegiatan yang berada pada wilayah yang sama. Kegiatan nelayan tangkap tidak boleh mengganggu alur pelayaran kapal. Nelayan dianjurkan untuk melaut di wilayah tangkap lain walaupun mereka punya hak atas wilayah tersebut. Kondisi yang mirip juga terjadi di Tanjung Priok Jakarta. Merujuk pada hasil tesis Effendy Batubara (2005) tentang Penetapan dan Pengelolaan Alur Pelayaran dan Perairan Pelabuhan Studi Kasus Teluk Jakarta, dikatakan bahwa terdapat konflik pemanfaatan ruang perairan antara perikanan tangkap dengan alur pelayaran. Konflik ini terjadi karena wilayah tangkap nelayan tradisional berada dalam berada dalam Daerah Lingkungan Kerja (DLKR) dan Daerah Lingkungan Kepentingan (DLKP) perairan pelabuhan. Hal ini juga terjadi di perairan Cilacap di mana wilayah tangkap nelayan tradisional juga berada dalam alur pelayaran pelabuhan. Hal ini dapat dilihat pada Gambar 10 halaman 52 di mana wilayah untuk melego jangkar kapal hanya berjarak dua hingga tiga mil dari garis pantai. Kondisi ini berarti di area itu pula terdapat wilayah tangkap nelayan tradisional dengan jarak tempuh 0-6 mil dari garis pantai. Namun pada kasus di perairan Cilacap ini sebagian besar nelayan memang mengalah dan tidak melakukan penangkapan ikan di area lego jangkar dan sekitarnya. Walaupun menurut nelayan di wilayah tersebut terdapat banyak hasil tangkapan. Nelayan lebih memilih jalan aman daripada jaring yang mereka tebar terkena jangkar. Pada umumnya panjang tali jangkar yang
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Decline of demersal coastal fisheries resources in three developing Asian countries

Decline of demersal coastal fisheries resources in three developing Asian countries

The quantity and quality of physical habitats has also been altered by coastal development and fishing activities. Man- grove clearing is one of the most obvious causes of habitat destruction in the region; for example, in the Gulf of Thailand 50% of the mangroves have been cleared (Janekitkosol et al., 2003). This will reduce the productivity of fishery species that depend on mangroves as a nursery area (Beck et al., 2001; Nagelkerken and Van der Velde, 2002; Mumby et al., 2004). Fishing itself is likely to also have damaged habitats on which demersal species rely. Gear, such as trawls and large push- nets, damage sea-grass beds and the attached benthic species, such as sponges and corals, which create important struc- tural habitats utilised by some demersal species (reviewed by Hall, 1999). On Australia’s northwest shelf, there was a clear link between loss of benthic habitat-creating species due to damage by trawling and changes in the fish commu- nity (Sainsbury, 1988). Trawlers are the dominant commer- cial vessel type in Malaysia and Thailand, which have over 3700 (Abu Talib et al., 2003b) and 7900 (Boonchuwongse and Dechboon, 2003) registered trawlers, respectively. In the Philippines, trawlers are also the dominant commercial vessel type but their number has declined since the 1980s as they are replaced by purse-seiners (Cruz-Trinidad, 2003). The cumu- lative impact of these trawlers and other damaging fishing methods (e.g. push-nets) on the seafloor and habitat has not been quantified, but it is likely that they have reduced the attached benthic species and habitat structure.
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Desentralisation of Coastal Resources Management Area at Cove of Bone, Luwu Regency (Policy Studies and Stakeholder Analysis)

Desentralisation of Coastal Resources Management Area at Cove of Bone, Luwu Regency (Policy Studies and Stakeholder Analysis)

Management of coastal in desentralitation era needs a strong policy by local government. To know preparedness the government this study was aimed to analysis several policy about coastal management area and analysis of stakeholder. Desentralisation coastal management area at cove of Bone Luwu regency. This study purpose to knows policy sides with and stakholder position, part, relation, importance and influences and to sharpen directive policy of coastal resources management at Luwu regency. Stakeholder analysis had done with indepth interview and cosioner. This study has been grouped to economic, ecologic and social factor, after than make a symbol or scoring to know side with of policy with maked the content analysis. Stakeholders analysis has showed of partisipation, realtionship, importance and influences. Perseption responden of coastal damage 53 percent mangrove plant has damaged, and 20 percent very damaged, 39 percent fishermen assumed coral reefs has damaged and 21 percent assumed very damaged. To analysis stakeholder, Key players are department of fishery and marine, regional development planning agency, local legeslatif department and private sector. Department of law is a Context setters. Environmental impact and control agency and fisherman are Subjects. Non government organization, community social organization, university and part of government are Crowd. In this study was aimed a weak relation of fisherman and social community had became a marginal position.
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Towards Sustainable Coastal Fisheries Development: A Case In Trammel Net Fishery In The Northern Coast Of Java

Towards Sustainable Coastal Fisheries Development: A Case In Trammel Net Fishery In The Northern Coast Of Java

Dwiponggo (1988) reported the recovery of over-exploited demersal fish resource and growth of its fishery on the north coast of Java after the trawl banning. Nevertheless, the con- tinued increase number of trammel net fleets in this area can give other negative impact on the resources. According to Naamin et al. (1989), the exploitation rate of shrimp resource in west- ern part of Indonesia was high, and in some ar- eas such as Malacca strait, northern coast of Ja- va and west Kalimantan had approached the maximum level. Therefore, a proper manage- ment is important to be considered for the sus- tainable coastal fisheries development espe- cially in the northern coast of Java.
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Factors influencing fishermen behavior to utilize fishery resources in the north coast of West Java

Factors influencing fishermen behavior to utilize fishery resources in the north coast of West Java

Studi lain yang penting pernah dilakukan oleh Pujo Semedi. Dalam studinya berjudul Close to the Stone, Far from the Trhone: The Story of Javanese Fishing Community 1920 – 1990 (2003), menyoroti melalui prespektif historis tentang komunitas nelayan di pantai Utara Jawa dan hubungannya dengan kegiatan eksploitasi sumberdaya laut sebagai sumber ekonomi. Untuk membuat eksplanasi tentang studinya, Semedi membagi kurun waktu antara tahun 1820 – 1990 menurut konteks peristiwa-peristiwa penting yang memengaruhi dinamika kehidupan komunitas desa pesisir Wonokerto Kulon khususnya (sebagai studi kasus) dan pantai Utara Jawa umumnya. Dalam studinya itu Semedi telah menunjukkan jenis seperti apa komunitas desa pesisir pantai Utara Jawa yang bekerja di tengah laut sebagai nelayan. Menurutnya, komunitas nelayan pantai Utara Jawa jauh dari pusat kekuasaan Jawa yang berbasis ekonomi pertanian, secara mental lebih bersifat independen dan agresif. Walaupun mereka bersifat independen dan agresif, mereka mempercayai religi Islam yang juga berfungsi sebagai pelindung. Persoalan hubungan pola prilaku manusia dan daya dukung sumberdaya laut dalam menyediakan pangan, Semedi menyoroti masalah over-fishing di Indonesia. Melalui perspektif historisnya, pertumbuhan penduduk dan meningkatnya konsumsi secara global tidak hanya pada nelayan di pantai Utara Jawa yang mengalami peningkatan modal produksi, tetapi juga mencakup sektor perikanan dengan jarak yang lebih jauh untuk mencari ikan.
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PRINCIPLE OF JUSTICE IN MANAGEMENT OF MARINE RESOURCES IN AREA CHARACTERIZED BY ISLANDS

PRINCIPLE OF JUSTICE IN MANAGEMENT OF MARINE RESOURCES IN AREA CHARACTERIZED BY ISLANDS

of maritime boundary becomes a very important thing. Territorial sea boundary is a boundary of a country that is drawn from the outer coast and outer islands as far as 12 miles (19.3 km) toward the open sea. In the territorial sea, the state has full sovereignty as well as in the mainland while the area within 200 miles of the outer islands of Indo - nesia became the exclusive economic zone. In this region, Indonesia has the right to take up and utilize all the natural resources that exist in it, including managing and conserving natural resources. With the de- termination of the government of the territorial sea waters, continental shelf and exclusive economic zone, then the waters of Indonesia with its islands is one unit. 14 (Based on the Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 which has been ratified by Law No. 17 of 1985 on the Ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982, and Law No. 6 of 1996 Indonesia).
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Improving Clean and Healthy Living Behavior in the Poor Communities in Coastal Area, Serdang Bedagai

Improving Clean and Healthy Living Behavior in the Poor Communities in Coastal Area, Serdang Bedagai

As a form of anticipation of diseases caused by the changes of weather, Health Ministry made health promotion efforts to the public through "Clean and Healthy Lifestyle (PHBS) program," increase early awareness of disease with active and passive surveillance. In addition, ministry of health also improves the supervision of environmental risk factors (water sanitation and environmental hygiene, breeding places, etc.). Next effort is to provide logistical material water purifier (PAC/ water cleaning fast) in regions that are difficult to get clean water, preparing medicines and medical equipment was sufficient, set up facilities, adequate health care, in coordination with the Provincial Health Office, Health Office/City, Technical Implementation Unit (UPT) of the Ministry of Health and across sectors. Efforts should be made by public according to Ministry of Health in the face of the threat of disease due to climate change, is applying behavior of Clean
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Harvesting models in fishery management

Harvesting models in fishery management

Harvesting is one of the common activities in using natural resources, such as harvesting of marine resources. In fishery management, there are several harvesting strategies which can be applied, i.e. constant, proportional, proportional with threshold, and seasonal harvesting. Fishing effort is defined as a control variable in the harvesting strategies. It is important to be able to find an optimal fishing effort that gives maximum sustainable yield, so that extinction of fish population does not happen.
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POLA ADAPTASI MASYARAKAT PESISIR GENUK  KOTA SEMARANG (Patterns of Community Adaptation to Environmental Degradation in Genuk Coastal Area, Semarang)

POLA ADAPTASI MASYARAKAT PESISIR GENUK KOTA SEMARANG (Patterns of Community Adaptation to Environmental Degradation in Genuk Coastal Area, Semarang)

TATA LOKA - VOLUME 16 NOMOR 4 – NOVEMBER 2014 case. This research has three objectives: to understand the motivation to urbanization, to comprehend the neighborhoods’ conditions, and to comprehend the influence of community’s lifestyle towards the settlement condition. In achieving the objectives, the qualitative approach supported by some quantitative data is used. The results show that there are three classes of the community influencing the environmental management. It is found that the people’s migration reasons had a big influence for the environmental management. In this case, the middle-class community is a key stakeholder to overcome the environmental problems. It becomes good initiator. On the contrary, the lower class has a less role in dealing with the environmental problems. It has even a big contribution on environmental degradation. Meanwhile, the upper class pays less attention to the environment. Only a little part of it, especially the local one, is willing to take part in the environmental management. The middle-class people consider that the problems arise due to the inappropriate planning. Unfortunately, they are not capable of dealing with the problems. On the contrary, the upper-class people consider that the issues arise from the lower class behavior that does not pay attention to the environment. As a consequence, the upper-class community is not willing to address the problems.
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Impact Tourism on off Farm Business and Employment Opportunities in Coastal Area

Impact Tourism on off Farm Business and Employment Opportunities in Coastal Area

The tourism has a very significant role in national economic development. Social changes occured as a result of direct contacts from tourism in tourist areas. One of consequence from the tourism activities is emergence of businesses and employment opportunities which can encourage local economies. The purpose of this research was to identify business and employment opportunities as a result of tourism activities at Pramuka Island and also to identify characteristics of the community. Another purpose is to analyze level of income, linkages between agricultural sector and nonagriculture sector, and transfer of resources (land) that arise due to tourism activities. The research methods are qualitative method which supported by quantitative methods. The results showed that tourism activities in Pramuka island has created business and employment opportunities for local community. Opportunities are predominantly used by natives. Tourism businesses and employment tend to be main livelihood of local people although their income are still at low-income levels. Linkage between agriculture sector and nonagriculture sector in Pramuka Island is shown by the increasing demand in fisheries sector as raw material for some businesses. Transfer of resources tends to occur among natives and there is one policy that prohibits people to build a building around the island ring road.
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Landscape Planning of Coastal Tourism Area in Lalong Luwuk City,Central Sulawesi

Landscape Planning of Coastal Tourism Area in Lalong Luwuk City,Central Sulawesi

9 Peta pola penggunaan lahan Kota Luwuk 25 10 Peta rencana pola ruang Kota Luwuk 26 11 Peta distribusi kepadatan penduduk Kota Luwuk 27 12 Peta ekosistem kawasan pesisir LKL 31 13 Pe[r]

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Sustainable coastal wetland management of downstream citarum area (case study in Coastal Wetland of Muara Gembong – Bekasi Regency)

Sustainable coastal wetland management of downstream citarum area (case study in Coastal Wetland of Muara Gembong – Bekasi Regency)

Mengawali karir, sebagai Staf Ahli Teknik Sipil pada tahun 1985 - 1986 di PLN LMK (Unit PLN bergerak di Bidang Riset, Pengujian dan Survey) pada Dinas Survey, dengan kegiatan lapangan terkait penyusunan dokumen study kelayakan bagi Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air (PLTA). Tahun 1986-1988 sebagai Staf Ahli Tenaga Air di Dinas Tenaga Air pada Direktorat Perencanaan PLN Pusat (1986-1988) yaitu sebuah Unit yang bertanggung jawab terhadap Desain sampai dengan pengadaan Kontraktor atau Konsultan melalui lelang internasional sesuai dengan guide line dari pemberi loan. Tahun 1987 World Bank menawarkan bantuan kepada Pemerintah Indonesia untuk membangun kelompok enjiniring yang kuat di PLN dengan bantuan Bechtel (konsultan) termasuk membangun sistem dan prosedur sebagaimana layaknya sebuah Konsultan internasional untuk menjamin kwalitas produk yang dihasilkan dan akuntabilitas dari para pelakunya, sehingga PLN akan memiliki in house engineer yang akan mengurangi belanja Forex, termasuk penguasaan enjinering kelistrikan yang masih sedikit di miliki konsultan Nasional maka dibentuk PLN PPE (Pusat Pelayanan Enjiniring) yang tugasnya adalah melakukan kajian-kajian enjinering untuk seluruh sektor ketenagalistrikan mulai tahap desain, penyusunan dokumen lelang, membantu evaluasi proposal pada saat lelang dan melakukan supervisi saat konstruksi. Tahun 1988 - 2001 bekerja di PLN PPE sebagai Team Leader dan Project Engineering Civil pada beberapa proyek PLTA dan PLTU serta transmisi-150KV, disamping itu mengajar di Departemen Pertambangan dan Energi dalam bidang peranan Teknik Sipil pada sektor Ketenagalistrikan. Kemudian dipindahkan ke PLN Pusat sampai dengan saat ini.
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FILE 34 WATER AT COASTAL AREA

FILE 34 WATER AT COASTAL AREA

CONTOH: Sumur B terletak pada ketinggian 7 meter dpl Kedalaman Water Table 4 meter Density fresh water 1,000 Density saline water 1,025 Ditanyakan: Berapa kedalaman interface di sumur[r]

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CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN NOTOG IRRIGATION AREA

CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN NOTOG IRRIGATION AREA

Roos, M. (2003). “The effects of Global Climate Change on Cali- fornia Water Resources. A report for the Energy California Comission.” Public Interest Energy Research Program, Re- search Development and Demonstration Plan, California Rosenzweig, C. dan Casassa, G. (2009). “Assessment Of Obser-

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Community Resilience of Mining Area and Food Vulnerability in South Kalimantan

Community Resilience of Mining Area and Food Vulnerability in South Kalimantan

Coal mining policies and activities in addition to having a positive impact on state income, job creation and business, also have a negative impact on ecosystems and communities in the mining area. The study was conducted in two mining communities in South Kalimantan using an emic and etic approach to explore community resilience and food insecurity due to ecological changes and the impact of mining policies and activities. Coal mining policies and activities in South Kalimantan causes catastrophic floods, land damage, and crop failure on lowland rice fields that have an impact on potential food insecurity at the household and community level. The pattern of community resilience in the two communities is in the form of social movements as a form of social adaptation, and agricultural land recovery and changing agricultural commodities as a form of ecological adaptation. The process of community resilience in the two communities is at the level of recovery towards a stable community condition, not yet at the transformation stage. Community capability is the most influential factor on the degree of community resilience so that the handling of food insecurity based on community resilience needs to be done by developing strategies to increase community capability.
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Economic Valuation of Water Resources Conservation Area in Surakarta City.

Economic Valuation of Water Resources Conservation Area in Surakarta City.

Conservation of water resources in the city of Surakarta can be done through increasing environmental awareness by the public action on an ongoing basis, maintain the quality of ground water through management of water resources as well. Making holes biopori increasingly disseminated infiltration in urban areas with the more narrow the amount of land, besides, the manufacture of wells to be an obligation to the people who will build residential, hotel and other buildings. Caesalpinia pulcherrima trees required for planting absorb CO 2 and

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Space Utilization Analysis of Sunda Straits Coastal Area In Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province

Space Utilization Analysis of Sunda Straits Coastal Area In Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province

Ekosistem di perairan yang termasuk dalam area bernilai tinggi adalah terumbu karang, hutan mangrove dan padang lamun. Kondisi yang terjadi di Pandeglang saat ini kawasan hutan mangrove telah mengalami alih fungsi lahan menjadi peruntukkan lain seperti tambak dan pemukiman penduduk. Sedangkan kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang berdasarkan data dari KKP tahun 2010 bahwa luas tutupan di perairan Pandeglang sudah semakin berkurang. Faktor penyebabnya adalah aktivitas manusia yang tidak ramah lingkungan seperti mengambil ikan dengan menggunakan bahan peledak, eksploitasi karang secara besar-besaran, tingginya pencemaran perairan yang menyebabkan banyak karang mati. Keberadaan terumbu karang di alam harus dipertahankan karena menghasilkan produktivitas organik yang tinggi sebagai sumber bahan makanan untuk biota laut yang hidup di dalamnya. Kemampuan produktivitas tinggi ini disebabkan oleh terumbu mampu untuk menahan nutrient dalam sistem dan berperan sebagai kolam untuk menampung segala masukan dari luar. Di samping itu terumbu karang juga dapat melindungi komponen ekosistem pesisir dan laut lainnya dari tekanan gelombang dan badai.
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Determination of Coastal Belt in the Disaster Prone Area: A case study in the Coastal area of Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia | Widianto | Indonesian Journal of Geography 5782 9883 1 SM

Determination of Coastal Belt in the Disaster Prone Area: A case study in the Coastal area of Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia | Widianto | Indonesian Journal of Geography 5782 9883 1 SM

[2009] states that “zoning is an important management tool in Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) and bufer zones can be created as transition area between diferent landuses and to prevent landuse conlicts”. In coastal regions, coastal belt boundary can be developed in order to protect physical development near the coastlines from hazards [Katsanevakis et al., 2011]. By incorporating hazards, vulnerability and risk information, the risk based spatial plan can ensure a save and sustainable approach [Hizbaron et al., 2012]. Moreover by minimizing the exposure of people, socio- economic activities and infrastructures to natural disasters [Sutanta et al., 2012].
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Space Utilization Analysis of Sunda Straits Coastal Area In Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province

Space Utilization Analysis of Sunda Straits Coastal Area In Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province

Hasil survei di lapangan dan wawancara awal mengindikasikan bahwa isu permasalahan yang terjadi di wilayah pesisir disebabkan oleh konflik kepentingan antar stakeholder. Hal ini ditemukan di kecamatan Carita dimana kondisi aktual saat ini sebagai kawasan pariwisata yang memicu para investor untuk mendirikan hotel-hotel di sepanjang sempadan pantai sedangkan berdasarkan dalam aturan penataan ruang tidak diperkenankan untuk mendirikan bangunan sepanjang sempadan pantai. Selain itu pembangunan PLTU Labuan memicu perubahan kualitas perairan yang mengakibatkan tingginya kekeruhan di sepanjang perairan pantai (KKP 2010) sedangkan pada kawasan ini ada area bernilai tinggi seperti terumbu karang yang harus dilindungi keberadaannya. Tingginya pemanfaatan di sekitar pesisir Pandeglang menyebabkan degradasi lingkungan hal ini terlihat dengan sering terjadinya banjir dan abrasi di beberapa wilayah pesisir sebagai dampak dari kerusakan lingkungan.
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