Education, Learning and Leadership Innovation

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Supported and Coordinated by:

Postgraduate School

State University of Medan

North Sumatera, Indonesia

Organized by:

Indexing By :


Emerald Garden Hotel, Medan - Indonesia

03-04 October 2018

Vol. 3, December 2018

Vol. 3, December 2018




Proceedings of The 3


Annual International Seminar on






(AISTEEL 2018)

Education, Learning, and Leadership Innovation

Emerald Garden Hotel, Medan City, North Sumatera, Indonesia

October 3-4, 2018

Editorial Board


Dr. Juniastel Rajagukguk, M.Si (State University of Medan, Unimed)

Deputy Editor

Dr. Saronom Silaban, M.Pd (State University of Medan, Unimed)

International Advisory Board / Scientific Committee

Prof. Dr. Kala Saravanamuthu (University of Newcastle, Australia)

Prof. Arjen EJ Wals (University of Gothenburg, Sweden)

Prof. Dr. Bornok Sinaga, M.Pd (Unimed, Indonesia)

Prof. Dr. Aytekin Isman (Sakarya University, Turkey)

Prof. Peter Charles Taylor, Ph.D., Med., B.Sc., Dip.Ed (Murdoch University, Australia)

Prof. Dr. Mukhlas Samani, Ph.D (Indonesia)

Prof. Dr. Jailani bin Md. Yunos (University Tun Hussein on Malaysia)

Prof. Dr. Nurahimah Mohd. Yusuf (UTM, Malaysia)

Assoc. Prof. Dr Pedro Isaias (University of Queensland, Australia)

Assoc. Prof. Elisabeth Taylor, Ph.D (Murdoch University, Australia)

Dr. Bambang Sumintono, M.Ed (Universiti Malaya, Malaysia)

Dr. Isma Widyaty, M.Pd (UPI, Indonesia)

Prof. Dr. Syahrul R, M.Pd (UNP, Indonesia)

Prof. Amrin Saragih, MA., Ph.D (Unimed, Indonesia)

Assoc. Prof. Ade Gafar Abdullah, M.Si (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia)

Eng. Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia)

Prof. Dr. Hartono, M.Pd (Universitas Negeri Semarang)



Proceedings of the 3


Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education

and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2018)


The 3


Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership

(AISTEEL 2018) was held in Emerald Garden Hotel, Medan City-Indonesia on 3-4 October 2018.

This seminar is organized by Postgraduate School, Univesitas Negeri Medan and become a routine

agenda at Postgraduate program of Unimed now.

The AISTEEL is realized this year with various presenters, lecturers, researchers and students from

universities both in and out of Indonesia participating in, the seminar with

theme “Education,

Learning and Leadership Innovation.”

The plenary speakers coming from various provinces in Indonesia have been present topics covering

multi disciplines. They have contributed many inspiring inputs on current trending educational

research topics all over the world. The expectation is that all potential lecturers and students have

shared their research findings for improving their teaching process and quality, and leadership.

The third AISTEEL presents a keynote speaker and 4 distinguised invited speakers from Australia,

Singapore, Taiwan, and Malaysia. In addition, presenters come from various Government and Private

Universities, Institutions, Academy, and Schools. Some of them are those who have sat and will sit in

the oral defence examination.

There are 326 articles submitted to committee, some of which are presented orally in parallel sessions,

and others are presented through posters. The articles have been reviewed by double blind reviewer

and 198 of them were accepted for published by Atlantis Press indexed by International Indexation.

Meanwhile 83 papers were published in online International Proceedings indexed by Google Scholar.

The Committees of AISTEEL invest great efforts in reviewing the papers submitted to the

conference and organizing the sessions to enable the participants to gain maximum benefit.

Grateful thanks to all of members of The 3rd Annual International Seminar on Transformative

Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2018) for their outstanding contributions. Thanks

also given to Universitas Negeri Medan for published this volume.

The Editors



Table of Contents

Titles and Authors


Design of Physical Practicum Tools on Rotational Dynamics Matter with

Scientific Concept


Fretty Doharni Ritonga; Nurdin Bukit; Betty M.Turnip...

Analysis of the Leading Sector and Its Effect on the Economy in Pakpak Bharat



Dinar Melani Hutajulu; M. Nasir; Arwansyah...

Analyze the Characteristic and Factors Cause of Bullying Behaviours in Early



Fadhilah Syam Nasution; Anita Yus; Aman Simaremare...

Play Finger Painting in Creative Art Model to Help Smooth Motoric

Development and Creativity of Group a in Kindergarten at Aek Loba Pekan



Lola Wita Harahap; Sri Milfayetty; Rosmala Dewi...

Maintenance of Gayonese Kinship Terms by Gayonese Minority Migrants in



Desi Purnama Sari; Siti Aisyah Ginting; Berlin Sibarani...

Effect of Functional Training and TRX Suspension Training on Body

Composition member Golden Fitness and Spa


Rafliansyah; Nurhayati Simatupang; Albadi Sinulingga...

Interpersonal Metaphor Used in the Boss Baby Movie


Khairuni Syafitri; Siti Aisyah Ginting; Anni Holila Pulungan...

Speech Act in Indonesia Lawyers Club: KPK vs Novanto


Theresia Fransiska Sidabutar; Zainuddin; Busmin Gurning...

The Effect of Instructional Strategy and Style Ofthinking Secuential on Students

Outcome MAN Medan


Siti Aisyah Hanim; Tiur asih siburian; Darwin...

The Effect of Cooperative Learning Models and Self Efficacy on Student

Mathematics Learning Outcomes


Sabdo Puji Rahayu; Mukhtar; Keysar Panjaitan...

Ideational Grammatical Metahpor in Reading Texts for Senior High School

English Textbooks


Diemam Ferzhawana; Siti Aisyah Ginting; Zainuddin...

Effect of Soft Modification on Student Learning Results PAB 13 Kwala Begumit

Private Vocational School


Iskandar Fahmi...

Differences in Metacognitive Ability of Students Through Learning Realistic

Mathematics Education and Problem Based Learning in Pangkalan Susu Senior

High School


Chairi Mutia Lubis; Waminton Rajagukguk; Kms.M.Amin Fauzi...

Development of Interactive Learning Media Projection of Working Drawing on

Students of Class X TKR in SMK Markus 2 Medan


Irwan Panggabean; R. Mursid; Samsidar Tanjung...

Metaphor of Modality in Donald Trump’s Speech in

United Nation General Assembly 2017


Nursyah Handaya; Siti Aisyah Ginting...

Traditional Sport Of Silek Tuo In Minangkabau Community (a study of Silek tuo



Prima Nanda; Sabaruddin Yunis; Agung Sunarn...

Improved Student’s Generic Science Skills With The Application of Cooperative

Learning Models Based on Batak Culture


Rika Sari Indah Harahap; Derlina; Rahmatsyah; Sahyar; Bornok...

Management Development Athletes of Shorinji Kempo North Sumatra Region


Arti Kurniaty Bangun...

Efforts to Improve Learning Results Free Basketball Shot (Free Throw) Through

The Application of Teaching Style Inclusion


Bob Rahmat Manalu... ...

Development of Egosan Engineering Extension Models with Straight Sticking in

Pencak Silat


William Filipus; Amir Supriadi; Tarsyad Nugraha...

The Development of Interactive Learning Media of Athletic on Physical

Education in SMP Negeri 15 Medan


Akhmad Khaidir; Budi Valianto; Tarsyad Nugraha...

The Effect of Learning Model and Self-Reliance Learning toward Science

Learning Outcomes


Rohima; Mukhtar; Samsidar Tanjung...

The Effect of Learning Method and Kinesthetic Perception on The Learning

Outcomes of Lay Up Basketball


Saiful Adrian; N

urhayati Simatupang; Suprayitno………....

Analysis Of Physical Education Teacher Management Skills In State Elementary

School Sub-District Medan Tembung


Syahrul Effendi Nasution; Amir Supriadi; Albadi Sinulingga...

Innovation Of The Speed Model Using Running With The Ball Techniques In



Julio Roberto; Amir Supriadi; Novita... ...

The Development of Penetration Drill Training Technique of Wrestling Sport


Ihsan Idris Silalahi; Jan Bobby Nesra Barus...

Speech Function of Anies Baswedan’s

Speech in Approval Ceremony as the

Governor of Jakarta in the Period of 2017-2022


Ahmad Rifa’i Ritonga; Sumarsih

... ...

Development of Web-Based Learning Media to Enhance Writing Capability of

Biography Text of Student Class X SMA


Rencus B. Sinabariba, Tiur Asi Siburian, Mutsyuhito Solin...

Implementing the Teaching Supervision by Principals in Improving the

Performance of Teachers in Aceh Besar


Said Ashlan... ... ...

Female Principal Leadership


Hendro Widodo; Hengkang Bara Saputra... ...

The Ways of Rohingya Teenagers in Medan Realized Their Language Attitude


I Wayan Dirgayasa; Rahmat Husein; Lonni NurIffah Nasution...

Metaphor in Umpasa of Saurmatua Toba Batak Ceremony


Heppy Yersin Digita Purba; Rahmad Husein; Anni Holila Pulungan...

The Influence of Part Method, Whole Method and Determination Exercise

Methods on Improving Exercise in the Sports Branch of Pencak Silat Single Art

Category of College Students SPDKK (Art of Kencana Kwitang Self Defense)

Deli Serdang Year 2018/2019


Mawar Sari... ... ...




of Rakut Sitelu

Desi Haryati Nianggolan...

Evaluation of Implementation of Sustainable Professional Development (PKB)

for Junior High School Physical Education Teachers to Increase Professionalism

in Tebing Tinggi City


Mhd Fazar Afandi...

Development of Innovative PJOK teaching materials on floor gymnastics

materials to improve learning outcomes of Grade Students at Junior Hight School


Bangun Saragih...

The Influence of the Discovery Learning Model assisted with Image Media and

Motivation Against Civics Learning Outcomes of Students in Class IV of Public

Elementary Schools 055980 Aman Damai 2017/2018


Heryansyah Ginting; Dede Ruslan; Reh Bungana Br.Perangin-angin...

Development of science teaching materials based on Science Technology Society

(STM) and its influence on learning outcomes of fourth grade students of MIN

Medan Tembung


Diah Hafizhotul Husna; Nuraini; Ramlan Silaban...

The Improvement of Cooperative Learning Model Application Skill in Numbered

Head Together Through Clinical Supervision of Art Teacher in SDN 060886

Medan Baru


Unita Vitta Omas Sianturi; Martua Manullang; Rosmala Dewi...

Gold of North Sumatera Program Coach Performance


Suyono; Hariadi; Supryetno...

Transitivity Systems Analysis of Bilingual Civic 3 Education Textbook for Grade



Jusup Sitepu; Anni Holila Pulungan; I Wayan Dirgeyasa Tangkas...

The Lecturer Performance Development of the STKIP Bina Bangsa Getsempena

Banda Aceh


Saiful Bahri...

The Interference of Batak Mandailing Language to Indonesian (In The Interaction

At The Seventh

Grade Students Of Madrasah Tsanawiyah Swasta Al-Azhar

Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan Padang Sidimpuan)


Siti Jahria Sitompul; Abdurrahman Adisaputera; Sumarsi...

The Influence of Microbiology Dictionary and Microbiology Textbook

Utilization in the Contextual Learning Framework on Biology Students Higher

Order Thinking Skills


Kiki Rizqi Sahara; Hasruddin; Ashar Hasairin...

The Differences of Learning Style and St

udents’ Creativity to Students’

Achievement in Dribbling the Ball in Playing Football of Seventh Grade Students

of SMP Ar

Rahman Percut


Muammar Afif Marpaung; Imran Akhmad; Rahma Dewi...

Development of Gobag Sodor Game Model to Increase Interest in Elementary



Siska Nova Undari...

The Influence of Research-Based Learning with Portfolio Assessment on Science

Process Skills in Microbiology Course for Biology Program Students


Saudah Rahmayanti; Hasruddin; Tumiur Gultom...

The Influence of Teaching Style and Confident Against the Results of a Study of

Shooting in the Game of Football (Experiment Studies the Self Check Style and



Tembung Sabilina)

Muhammad Syaiful; Ramadhan Harahap...

Development of Mirror Writing Teaching Materials Based on Class XI Media

Literation of Lolomatua 1 State High School


Yanida Bu'ulolo; Biner Ambarita; Marice...

The Development of Teaching Materials for Technology- Assisted Procedure

Text in Vocational High School


Nova Andarini; Biner Ambarita; Malan Lubis...

Development of Adobe Flash Based Floor Gymnastics Media Learning on Health

Sport Education Lesson



The Effect of Learning Approach and Linguistic Competence Capability Reading

The English Narative Text of Student SMA Negeri 6 Padangsidimpuan.


Sukriyah Batubara; Keysar Panjaitan...


Analysis Effect of Household Consumption, Investment and Labor to Economy

Growth In Sumatera Utara


Richna Handriyani; Arwansyah; Sahyar...

Idioms Translation Strategies in Pasung Jiwa Novel English Version


Hariyanto; Amrin Saragih; Sumarsih...

Code Mixing in Novel: A Case of Indonesian Literary Work


Nurul Hidayanti Hasibuan; Amrin Saragih; Sumarsih...

Logico-Semantic Relation in Presidential Debate Between Hillary Clinton and

Donald Trump


Annisa Risma Khairani Lubis; Della Fransiska Ginting; Jumino Suhadi...

Semiotic Meanings in Cigarette Advertisement Texts


Rodearta Purba; Zainuddin; Amrin Saragih...

Modality as Hedging Device in the US Presidential Election Debate


Roobby Hamdanur; Anni Holila Pulungan; Zainuddiin...

The Improving Mathematical Communication Ability Through Realistic

Mathematical Approach Based on Toba Batak Culture


Aman Sanusi Siregar...

Speech Functions of Doctors and Patients on Medical Consultation Process


Resti Citra Dewi; Anni Holila Pulungan, Sumarsih...

The Development of Venturimeter Instrumentation in Dynamic Fluid


Zahrani Dalimunthe; Rahmatsyah; Derlina...

Lexical Metaphors in Onang-onang of Bobby and Kahiyang Tortor Dance


Siti Rahma Ritonga; Anni Holila Pulungan; Didik Santoso...

The Discourse Markers in President Joko Widodo’s Speeches in KTT APEC

China in 2015


Syahbuddin Nasution1; Busmin Gurning; I Wayan Dirgayasa Tangkas...

Preparation of Papers in Two-Column Format for AISTEEL Conference


Translator’s Strategies in Transferring Cultural Values in Ratatouille



Femy Septiani; Anni Holila Pulungan...

Lexical Metaphor In Printed Car Advertisements


Misdiana; Siti Aisyah Ginting; Amrin Saragih...

Political Discourse Analysis of Donald Trump Political Speech


Elisa Silviani Siregar; Prof. Dr.Zainuddin, M.Hum; Prof.Dr. Sri MindaMurni,

MS... ...



Nurliana Harahap; Mahendra Ginting Manik; Indah Listiana...

Appraisal of Healthy Product Advertisement on Television


Nurun Nazipah Harahap; Siti Aisyah Ginting; Rahmad Husein Napitupuluh...

Lexical Metaphor in Andrea Hirata’s “The Dreamer” Novel


Nurul Sa’adah; I Wy. Dirgeyasa; Siti Aisyah Ginting


Impoliteness Strategies Used by Governor Candidates of DKI Jakarta in Governor

Election Debate 2017


Sri Minda Murni; Busmin Gurning



Intertextuality in Travel Umroh Advertisement


Afifah Nurul Khoirot Nasution; Anni Holila Pulungan; Eddy Setia...

Intertextuality on Oral Discourse in Sari Matua Batak Toba Ceremony


Dyan Yosephin Hutagalung; Anni Holila Pulungan; Rahmad Husein...

The Effect of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) Peel to Creatine Kinase

Serum in Male Rats (Rattus norvegicus) with Fatigue from Swimming


Rika Nailuvar Sinaga; Jumadin IP; Zulaini...

Analysis of Technology Utilization to Measure The Throw Distance of The Ball

on Hammer Throw


Riki Prastian; Agung Sunarno; Sabaruddin Yunis Bangun...

The Interactions of Social Stratification and Karonese Register in Giving Pedah

Pedah Perjabun


Elkana Putra Tarigan; Amrin Saragih; Siti Aisyah Ginting...

Implementation Management Training Volleyball Club of Pertamina Year 2017


Reza Wibowo; Sanusi Hasibuan; Budi Valianto...

Lexical Metaphor in Printed Car Advertisements


Misdiana; Siti Aisyah Ginting; Amrin Saragih...

Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension

Ability In Descriptive Text

Through Flashcard


Aisya Hartati...

The Role of Teacher’s Training Model and Technological Approach to the

Improvement of Teachers’ Professionalis


Intan Sufiah Batubara...

The Difficulties of Students at the Second Year of St.Thomas 3 Senior High

School Medan in Translating English Idioms into Indonesian


Fitri Susi Sinurat...

The Effect Of Applying The Great Wind Blows Strategy On The Students’

Vocabulary Mastery


Gisca Irdayana Lubis...

Attitude of Examiners in Thesis Convocation


Mara Sutan Siregar...

Politeness Strategies in Mandailing Wedding Ceremony




Evaluation of Implementation of Sustainable

Professional Development (PKB) for Junior High

School Physical Education Teachers to Increase

Professionalism in Tebing Tinggi City

Mhd Fazar Afandi¹,

Students of Sports Education Postgraduate Program of Medan State University Amir Supriadi², Rahma Dewi³.

Lecturer in Sport Education Postgraduate Program, Medan State University

Abstract - This study aims to find out the implementation of CLA for training teachers at the junior high school level in the city of Tebing Tinggi using qualitative descriptive methods. From the results obtained, the implementation of the PKB program in Tebing Tinggi has not been carried out well because not every year the activities of the PKB program are carried out. Most of the activities that were followed have been carried out for a long time between 2 and 3 years ago. This is due to the low willingness of teachers to seek information about the activities of the PKB program and the role of the education office which is considered lacking in the implementation of the PKB program and the low self-awareness of teachers to increase their professionalism. PJOK teachers still hold PKB activities which they follow only for promotion requirements, this is why it is still not well implemented by the PKB program in Tebing Tinggi.

Keywords: Sustainable Professional Development, Implementation, Increasing Professionalism


We need to realize that teachers are subsystems of the national education system and the publication of Law No. 14 of 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers (UUGD) is intended as a component of efforts to improve the quality of education. With the existence of the UUGD which requires teachers (at all levels and types of education) to follow and pass certification, it is expected that teacher competence as an agent of learning will increase according to established standards. Regulation of the Minister of State for Administrative Reform and Bureaucratic Reform (Minister of State Secretariat of PAN and RB) Number 16 of 2009 concerning the Functional Position of Teachers and their Credit Figures, which means sustainable professional development is the development of teacher competencies that are carried out in accordance with the needs, gradually, continuously to improve their professionalism.

However, in reality, the value of PJOK teacher's Teacher Competency Test (UKG) at junior high school level in Tebing Tinggi in 2015 was still low. This raises the question whether the PKB program contained in the UU Permeneg PAN and RB Act in 2009 was actually carried out by SMP PJOK teachers to

increase their professionalism. From the findings obtained by the researcher, it can be concluded that not all PJOK teachers in SMP in Tebing Tinggi have received certificates of educators and Civil Servants (PNS) carry out the Continuous Professional Development Program (PKB) not every year. Most teachers carry out this activity because in order to support their careers and positions it is not more due to their efforts to improve their competence as professional personnel as stated by RI Law number 14 of 2005 concerning teachers and lecturers to improve the education quality of this nation. In fact, based on the Minister of State Secretariat and Bureaucratic Reform No. 16 of 2009 (Ministry of National Education 2011) that the development of teacher competencies carried out in accordance with the needs, gradual, sustainable to improve their professionalism.

So with the findings it is necessary to conduct an evaluation to find out the implementation of the Continuing Professional Development Program (PKB) conducted by PJOK SMP teachers who receive educator certificates to improve their competence and improve the quality of education, especially in the field of Health Studies. Based on the results of the above conclusions, the researchers are interested in conducting a study Evaluating the Implementation of Sustainable Professional Development (PKB) for Junior High School Teachers in Increasing Professionalism in the City of Tebing Tinggi.



The design of program evaluation activities in this discussion uses the CIPP model with a descriptive qualitative evaluation research design, the approach in this study uses a phenomenological approach, which allows to reveal the reality that describes the situation comprehensively with the actual context of the effectiveness of the Implementation of Sustainable Professional Development (PKB) For Teachers of Junior High School in Increasing Professionalism in the City of Tebing Tinggi.

The location of this research was carried out in the town of Tebing Tinggi which is specifically for public and private junior high schools which have PJOK teachers certified educators, principals and education service supervisors in the field of physical health education, research has been conducted since May 2018.

Technique Analysis of the data in this study was obtained from the results of interviews for the type of primary data and from other sources for secondary data which will then be analyzed to assess whether the data obtained is in accordance with what is needed in this study. Data analysis begins with determining the parts to be analyzed, namely the Implementation of Sustainable Professional Development (PKB) for Penjas Middle School teachers in increasing professionalism in Tebing Tinggi City.


This research is a qualitative decrifugal study based on data collected from the field in accordance with the research focus on evaluating the implementation of sustainable professional development (PKB) for junior high school physical education teachers in increasing professionalism in the city of Tebing Tinggi. Data obtained through interviews, observation. Interviews and observations were carried out on junior high school teachers, school principals and 1 supervisor for extension teachers from the education office in Tebing Tinggi.

Context social media applications of the teacher's gadget.

In terms of the context of needs, based on research by PJOK teachers, it is very enthusiastic to be invited to PKB program activities. Where the PJOK teacher stated that the PKB program activities would be able to increase their insight and knowledge of the curriculum used and the regulations activity so that the PJOK teacher is enough to carry it out when he wants to go up the rank / class alone. From innovative province if they are instructed to take part in the training.

Based on the above discussion about the policies, needs and feasibility of evaluating the implementation of the PKB program, it can be concluded that the role of the education office in Tebing Tinggi is still lacking in socializing the needs that can be achieved from the PKB program to PJOK teachers. PJOK teachers still lack the direction from the education office about what activities they must follow and the sanctions given if they do not implement the PKB program.


From the results of interviews with PJOK teachers, school principals and education service supervisors can be said to be lacking in the role of the education office, especially supervisors. PKB program activities are carried out with an unspecified schedule so that teachers find it difficult to divide their time when one of the activities is carried out. The provision of guidebooks or guidebooks for conducting scientific publications is also still lacking, so that the PJOK teacher seeks the source of his own knowledge about writing that is good and true without any relevant alloys. This also causes PJOK teachers to become lazy because their knowledge of scientific publications is still low.

For innovative work activities, the PJOK teacher also said that he did not receive special training for this activity, especially the use of IT and the preparation of guidelines and questions. Another obstacle is that PJOK teachers are more often doing practical learning in the field so that the use of appropriate technology for learning is still lacking.


From the results of the interview, the process of PKB program activities for functional training was carried out more by the province than at the Tebing Tinggi city level. Such self-development activities for collective teachers are more often carried out by PJOK teachers themselves and there is rarely direct guidance from the education office in this case the supervisor.

Mentoring for scientific publication activities is also lacking. PJOK teachers often exchange information with other teachers how to make the right scientific and research work. Assistance is provided if the teacher is finished and will be repaired by a team formed by the education office.




From the results of the interview, the process of PKB program activities for functional training was carried out more by the province than at the Tebing Tinggi city level. Such self-development activities for collective teachers are more often carried out by PJOK teachers themselves and there is rarely direct guidance from the education office in this case the supervisor.

Mentoring for scientific publication activities is also lacking. PJOK teachers often exchange information with other teachers how to make the right scientific and research work. Assistance is provided if the teacher is finished and will be repaired by a team formed by the education office.

For innovative work activities, the PJOK teacher only carries out some modification of learning and teaching aids if the facilities and infrastructure in the school are considered incomplete. profession of its teachers, all principals and education offices have provided opportunities or support to PJOK teachers who are certified to join PKB activities but the motivation of the teachers themselves is still lacking.

Supporting factors for PKB implementation for junior

high school teachers in the city of Tebing Tinggi are

strong motivation or support from the head of the school

and the city education office, the availability of the

transport budget and registration fees for training,

workshops, seminars, workshops, KKG, and other

training in RKAS. While the inhibiting factor of

sustainable professional development for PJOK teachers

at the junior high school level in Tebing Tinggi is the

lack of motivation within the classroom teacher itself, the

lack of socialization about PKB to the teacher-PJOK

junior high school level in Tebing Tinggi, the existence

of teachers who are resigned to their current condition or

it is difficult to keep up with the development of

information and communication technology and does not

want to strive to develop their own competence,

infrastructure for sustainable professional development

for teachers is still inadequate.


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