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THE LISTENING ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTs NU MU’ALLIMAT KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2011/2012

TAUGHT BY USING DICTATION TECHNIQUE

By

HIMMATUL ULYA NIM 200832262

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MURIA KUDUS

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THE LISTENING ABILITY OF THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MTs NU MU’ALLIMAT KUDUS IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2011/2012

TAUGHT BY USING DICTATION TECHNIQUE

SKRIPSI

Presented to the University of Muria Kudus

in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Completing the Sarjana Program in English Education

By

HIMMATUL ULYA NIM 200832262

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MURIA KUDUS

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MOTTO AND DEDICATION

Motto:

 Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tommorow. The important thing is to not stop questioning.

 Experience is the best teacher.

Dedication:

This skripsi is dedicated to:  Allah SWT the Almightly

 Her beloved parents (Mr. Rumain and Mrs.Fathonah) who always give their love, attention and pray for her

 Her beloved brothers (Zainal and Saiful) and her sisters-in law who always support her

 Her close friends: Inu, Zahro, Yeci, Vrisca, Isti, Mila, Shelly, Nyai Musda who always support and help her

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ADVISORS’ APPROVAL

This is to certify that the Sarjana Skripsi of Himmatul Ulya (NIM 2008-32-262) has been approved by the Skripsi advisors for the further approval by the Examining Committee.

Kudus, July 2012 Advisor 1

Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd NIP. 19620413-198803-1-002

Advisor II

Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M.Pd NIS. 0610701000001207

Acknowledged by

The Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Dean,

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EXAMINERS’ APPROVAL

This is to certify that the Skripsi of Himmatul Ulya (NIM 200832262) has been approved by the Examining Committee as a requirement for the Sarjana Degree in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language.

Kudus, 30 July 2012

Skripsi Examining Committee:

Drs. Muh. SyafeI, M.Pd Chairperson

NIP. 19620413-198803-1-002

Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M.Pd Member

NIS. 0610701000001207

Mutohhar, S.P.d, M.Pd Member

NIS. 0610701000001204

Diah Kurniati, S.Pd, M.Pd Member

NIS. 0610701000001190

Acknowledged by

The Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Dean,

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

She thanks God for her Blessing, Mercy and Compassionate given to the writer so that she can accomplish this research entitled “The Listening Ability of

the Eighth Grade Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic Year

2011/2012 Taught by Using Dictation Technique.”

The writer realizes that she would not be able to complete her skripsi without support, advice and encouragement from many persons. Therefore the writer would like to express her sincerest gratitude, to those who are directly or indirectly involved in the completion of this research.

1. Drs. Susilo Rahardjo, M.Pd, the Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Muria Kudus University.

2. Fitri Budi Suryani, SS, M.Pd, the Head of English Education Department. 3. Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd as the first advisor, who has carefully read and made

several corrections for the improvement of this research.

4. Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M.Pd as the second advisor, who has accurately guided her during the writing of skripsi.

5. All lecturers and staff of English Education Department who have given their contribution to the writer for the completion of this research.

6. Her beloved parents (Mr. Rumain and Mrs. Fathonah) who have given her love, give her attention, support her and lead her to be a real human being. 7. Her beloved brothers and sisters in law who have given support her.

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9. All of teachers and administrative staff in MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus, especially Winarti, S.Pd as English Teacher.

10. All of the eight grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012.

11. All of her family who always care her.

12. All of the writer friends: Inu, Zahro, Yeci, Mila, Isti, Vrisca, Shelly and can’t mention one by one who given support and help her

13. All of the writer friends in English Education Department 2008

Kudus, July 2012 The Writer

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ix ABSTRACT

Ulya, Himmatul. 2012. The Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs

NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic Year 2011/2012 Taught by Using

Dictation Technique. Skripsi. English Education Department, Teacher

Training and Education Faculty, Muria Kudus University. Advisors: (i) Drs. Muh. Syafei, M. Pd., (ii) Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M.Pd

Key words: Dictation Technique, Listening Ability

Listening is the process of understanding speech in a first or second language. The purpose of listening is to get the information from the sound streaming into the sense of hearing. Listening skill is one of the basic skills and the important skill than the other skill. But, in fact many people or students

especially the eighth grade students in MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus have

difficulties when they get listening material. From this fact, the teacher must have creative technique to improve listening skill. One of the technique is dictation technique.

The objectives of the research are as follows: (1) to find out the listening ability of the eighth grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 before being taught by using dictation technique. (2) to find out the listening ability of the eighth grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 after being taught by using dictation technique. (3) to find out whether or not there is a significant difference between the listening ability of the eighth grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 before and after being taught by using dictation technique.

The design of of this research is an experimental research using test instrument. This experiment uses one group pre test and post test design, because it is done in one group only without control group. This experiment is applied to

the eighth grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus to explore the result of

their listening ability before and after being taught by using dictation technique. In this research, the writer gives the students a pre test and the implementation of teaching listening by using dictation technique and the last stage given to them is a post test. The sample are the students of VIII A.

The result of this research indicates that using dictation technique in teaching listening is effective to improve the listening ability of the students. It can be seen from the pre test and post test result. The pre test result of the mean is 76 and standard deviation is 7.681. So, the result of the listening ability before being taught by using dictation technique of the eight grade students of MTs NU

Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 is sufficient. Meanwhile, on the

post test result the mean is 83.875 and standard deviation is 8.507. So, the result of the listening ability after being taught by using dictation technique of the eighth

grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 is

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Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 before and after being taught by using dictation technique. The result of t0 (12.27) is higher than t-table (2.021). Therefore, it can be said that the Null Hypothesis is rejected, while the alternative hypothesis of the research is confirmed.

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xi ABSTRAKSI

Ulya, Himmatul. 2012. Kemampuan Mendengarkan oleh siswa kelas delapan

MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus Tahun Pelajaran 2011/2012 Diajarkan

menggunakan Teknik Dictation. Skripsi. Program Studi Bahasa Inggris

Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan. Universitas Muria Kudus. Pembimbing:(1) Drs. Muh. Syafei, M. Pd,. (ii) Atik Rokhayani, S.Pd, M. Pd Kata Kunci: Kemampuan Mendengarkan, Teknik Dictation.

Mendengarkan adalah proses memahami pembicaraan/pidato dalam bahasa pertama atau bahasa kedua. Tujuan mendengarkan adalah untuk mendapatkan informasi dari suara yang masuk ke indra pendengaran. Kemampuan mendengarkan adalah salah satu kemampuan dasar dan kemampuan yang terpenting dari pada kemampuan yang lain. Tapi, kenyataanya banyak orang atau siswa-siswa terutama siswa-siswa kelas delapan di sekolah MTs NU

Mu’allimat Kudus, mereka masih mempunyai kesulitan ketika mereka

mendapatkan materi tentang mendengarkan. Dari kenyataan ini, guru harus mempunyai teknik yang kreatif yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan mendengarkan. Salah satu tekniknya adalah dictation (mendekte).

Tujuan dari penelitian ini meliputi: (1) untuk menemukan kemampuan

mendengarkan siswa kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus tahun pelajaran

2011/2012 sebelum diajarkan menggunakan teknik dictation. (2) untuk menemukan kemampuan mendengarkan siswa kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus tahun pelajaran 2011/2012 sesudah diajarkan menggunakan teknik dictation. (3) untuk menemukan ada atau tidaknya perbedaan antara kemampuan

mendengarkan siswa kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus tahun pelajaran

2011/2012 sebelum dan sesudah diajarkan menggunakan teknik dictation.

Rancangan penelitian ini adalah penelitian experimen dengan menggunakan instrumen tes. Penelitian experimen ini, menggunakan satu kelompok pre test dan post test, karena penelitan dilakukan hanya dalam satu kelompok tanpa kelompok pembanding. Penelitian ini diterapkan untuk siswa

kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus untuk mencari hasil kemampuan

mendengarkan mereka sebelum dan sesudah diajarkan dengan menggunakan teknik dictation. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis memberikan pre test kepada siswa, kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pelaksanaan pengajaran mendengarkan menggunakan teknik dictation dan langkah yang terakhir memberikan post tes pada siswa. Sempel yang digunakan adalah siswa kelas VIII A.

Hasil dari penelitian ini menunujukan bahwa menggunakan teknik dictation dlam pengajaran mendengarkan lebih efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan mendengarkan pada siswa-siswa. Hal ini dpat dilihat dari hasil pre test dan post test. Hasil pre test, nilai rata-rata (mean) = 76 dan stantar deviasi = 7.681. Jadi, hasil dari kemampuan mendengarkan sebelum diajarkan

menggunakan teknik dictation pada siswa kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat

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test, nilai rata-rata (mean) = 83.875 dan standar deviasi = 8.507. Jadi, hasil dari kemampuan mendengarkan sesudah diajarkan menggunakan teknik dictation pada

siswa kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus tahun pelajaran 2011/2012 adah

sangat baik. Hipotesis pada tingkat signifikan 0.05 (5%) = 2.021 dan tingkat kebebasan (N-1) = 39, menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan antara kemampuan

mendengarkan siswa kelas delapan MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus tahun pelajaran

2011/2012 sebelum dan sesudah diajrkan menggunakan teknik dictation. Hasil to (12.27) lebih tinggi dari t-tabel (2.021). Oleh karena itu, dapat dikatakan bahwa null hipotesis ditolak, sementara alternatif hipotesis diterima.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... vii

ABSTRACT ... ix

CHAPTER II: REVIEW TO RELATED LITERATURE AND HYPOTHESIS 2.1 Teaching English in MTs ... 8

2.1.1 Teaching English in MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus ... 9

2.1.2 The Curriculum of Teaching English in MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus ... 10

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xiv 2.1.4 The Material of Teaching English in

MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus ... 11

2.1.5 The method of Teaching English in MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus ... 12

2.3.1 Kinds of Dictation Technique ... 16

2.3.2 Advantages and Disadvantage of Dictation Technique ... 17

2.4 Teaching English Listening by Using Dictation Technique ... 18

2.5 Review of Previous Research ... 19

2.6 Theoretical Framework ... 20

2.7 Hypothesis of the Research ... 21

CHAPTER III: METHOD OF THE RESEARCH 3.1 Design of the Research ... 22

CHAPTER IV: FINDING OF THE RESEARCH 4.1 Research Finding ... 31

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4.2 The Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs NU

Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic Year 2011/2012 After Being

Taught by Using Dictation Technique ... 34

4.3 Hypothesis Testing ... 37

CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION 5.1 Discussion ... 40

5.1.1 The Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic year 2011/2012 Before Being Taught by Using Dictation Technique ... 40

5.2 The Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic year 2011/2012 After Being Taught by Using Dictation Technique ... 41

5.3 Hypothesis Testing ... 42

CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 6.1 Conclusion ... 45

6.2 Suggestion ... 46

Bibliography ... 47

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LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

3.2 The Table Classification of the Listening Ability ... 29 4.1 The Data Score of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade

Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic

year 2011/2012 Before being Taught by Using

Dictation Technique... 32 4.2 The Frequency and Percentage Distribution of The Listening

Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat

Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 Before Being Taught by

Using Dictation Technique ... 33 4.3 The Data Score of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade

Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year

2011/2012 After being Taught by Using

Dictation Technique... 35 4.4 The Frequency and Percentage Distribution of The Listening

Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat

Kudus in academic year 2011/2012 After Being Taught by

Using Dictation Technique ... 36 4.5 The Result of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade

Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in academic year

2011/2012 Before and After Being Taught by Using

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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure Page

3.1 The Design Experiment Pre test-post test ... 23 4.1 The Bar Diagram of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade

Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic Year

2011/2012 Before Being Taught by Using

Dictation Technique... 34 4.2 The Bar Diagram of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade

Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic Year

2011/2012 After Being Taught by Using

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LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix page

1 Syllabus ... 49

2 Lesson Plan ... 56

3 Students Worksheet ... 76

4 Test items before using dictation technique ... 81

5 Script Listening for Pre test ... 84

6 Test items after using dictation technique ... 88

7 Script Listening for Post test ……… ... 91

8 The Tabulation of Try Out ... 94

9 The Calculation of Reliability of Try Out ... 95

10 The Score of the Listening Ability of the Eighth GradeStudents of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus in Academic Year 2011/2012 before Being Taught by Using Dictation Technique ... 96

11 The Calculation of Mean and Standard Deviation of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students in MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus before Being Taught by Using Dictation Technique ... 97

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13 The Calculation of Mean and Standard Deviation of the Listening Ability of the Eighth Grade Students of MTs NU Mu’allimat Kudus after Being Taught by Using Dictation Technique ... 101 14 The Calculation of t-observation (t0) of the Listening Ability of

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